Befooled - Definition Of Befooled By The Free Dictionary, Befol

befool

References in classic literature ?

My perambulations had given me, meanwhile, no glimpse of him, but they had tended to make more public the change taking place in our relation as a consequence of his having at the piano, the day before, kept me, in Flora's interest, so beguiled and befooled .

For her part, she was intent on Trefusis, who, though he must know, she thought, that they were all hostile to him except Jane, seemed as confident now as when he had befooled her long ago.

On seeing this, Don Fernando, persuaded that Luscinda had befooled. slighted, and trifled with him, assailed her before she had recovered from her swoon, and tried to stab her with the dagger that had been found, and would have succeeded had not her parents and those who were present prevented him.

57: In the "Great Eoiae" it is said that Endymion was transported by Zeus into heaven, but when he fell in love with Hera, was befooled with a shape of cloud, and was cast out and went down into Hades.

It was too much that he should be taken to the grave without some token from the men whom he had robbed and befooled .

With suppressed truths, with fool's hand and befooled heart, and rich in petty lies of pity:--thus have I ever lived among men.

From Solomon downwards, have not wiser men than he been cajoled and befooled by women?

Imran Khan has befooled the nation for two years in the name of 35 punctures.

The general public was being befooled in the name of Price Committees and Sasta Bazars.

Lamilept, Lamilept

Other - Lamilept (Brand name: lamictal)

Lamictal is used for treating certain types of seizures. It may be used alone or with other medicines. It may also be used to delay the occurrence of mood problems in certain patients with bipolar disorder. Lamictal is an anticonvulsant.

Use Lamictal as directed by your doctor.

Take Lamictal by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

Lamictal has a bitter taste. Do not crush or chew before swallowing. The tablet may be broken in half if your doctor tells you to do so.

Continue to take Lamictal even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Lamictal, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Lamictal.

Store Lamictal at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Lamictal out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Lamotrigine.

Do NOT use Lamictal if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Lamictal.

Some medical conditions may interact with Lamictal. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have liver, kidney, or heart problems; certain blood problems (eg, thalassemia); or if you receive dialysis treatment

if you have a skin rash or have ever developed a skin rash from taking Lamictal or any other medicines to treat seizures

if you have a history of mental or mood problems (eg, depression, suicidal thoughts or attempts).

Some medicines may interact with Lamictal. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Carbamazepine because it may decrease Lamictal's effectiveness, and the risk of side effects, such as dizziness, double vision, blurred vision, and decreased coordination, may be increased

Valproate (eg, valproic acid, divalproex sodium) because it may increase the risk of Lamictal's side effects

Estrogens, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, rifampin, or succinimides (eg, methsuximide) because they may decrease Lamictal's effectiveness

Hormonal contraceptives (eg, birth control pills) because the effectiveness of both medicines may be decreased.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Lamictal may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Lamictal may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Lamictal with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.

Do not suddenly stop taking Lamictal or change your dose without checking with your doctor. Doing so may increase seizure frequency. If you need to stop taking Lamictal, your dose should be gradually reduced over a period of at least 2 weeks.

If you stop taking Lamictal for any reason, contact your doctor right away. Do not start taking it again unless your doctor tells you to. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

If you develop new or worsening seizures, contact your doctor right away.

Patients who take Lamictal may be at increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Patients who have bipolar (manic-depressive) illness may also have an increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions. Watch patients who take Lamictal closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may change the amount of Lamictal in your blood. Talk to your doctor before you start or stop taking hormonal birth control while you are taking Lamictal. Women who take hormonal birth control may be at greater risk of side effects during the week of inactive pills in their pack. Contact your doctor if side effects, such as dizziness, decreased coordination, or double vision, occur.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using Lamictal. Check with your doctor if you have questions about how Lamictal might affect your hormonal birth control. Contact your doctor right away if you notice any unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting. If you wish to avoid pregnancy, talk with your doctor about the use of effective birth control methods.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Lamictal before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Lamictal. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Different medicines may look like or have names similar to Lamictal. Always check your medicine to make sure it is correct. If you notice any change in the appearance of your medicine (eg, shape, color, size, wording), check with your pharmacist.

Caution is advised when using Lamictal in children; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially the risk of serious rash.

Increased sensitivity to the sun has been reported in some children taking Lamictal. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if your child will be exposed to the sun. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

Lamictal should be used with extreme caution in children younger 18 years with bipolar disorder; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Lamictal should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Lamictal may cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Lamictal while you are pregnant. Lamictal is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Lamictal.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred or double vision; constipation; decreased coordination; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; nausea; painful menstrual periods; runny or stuffy nose; stomach upset or pain; tiredness; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness; weight loss.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); absent menstrual period or other menstrual changes; calf pain or tenderness; chest pain; dark urine; difficult or painful urination; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, anxiety, depression, restlessness, irritability, panic attacks, behavior changes, suicidal thoughts or attempts); new or worsening seizures; pale stools; reddened, blistered, swollen, or peeling skin; severe muscle pain or tenderness; severe or persistent stomach pain; shortness of breath; sores in the mouth or around the eyes; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; swollen lymph glands; tremor; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual weakness or tiredness; vaginal itching or discharge; vision changes; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Lamictal is used for treating certain types of seizures. It may be used alone or with other medicines. It may also be used to delay the occurrence of mood problems in certain patients with bipolar disorder. Lamictal is an anticonvulsant.

Use Lamictal as directed by your doctor.

Take Lamictal by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

Lamictal has a bitter taste. Do not crush or chew before swallowing. The tablet may be broken in half if your doctor tells you to do so.

Continue to take Lamictal even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Lamictal, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Lamictal.

Store Lamictal at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Lamictal out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Lamotrigine.

Do NOT use Lamictal if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Lamictal.

Some medical conditions may interact with Lamictal. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have liver, kidney, or heart problems; certain blood problems (eg, thalassemia); or if you receive dialysis treatment

if you have a skin rash or have ever developed a skin rash from taking Lamictal or any other medicines to treat seizures

if you have a history of mental or mood problems (eg, depression, suicidal thoughts or attempts).

Some medicines may interact with Lamictal. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Carbamazepine because it may decrease Lamictal's effectiveness, and the risk of side effects, such as dizziness, double vision, blurred vision, and decreased coordination, may be increased

Valproate (eg, valproic acid, divalproex sodium) because it may increase the risk of Lamictal's side effects

Estrogens, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, rifampin, or succinimides (eg, methsuximide) because they may decrease Lamictal's effectiveness

Hormonal contraceptives (eg, birth control pills) because the effectiveness of both medicines may be decreased.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Lamictal may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Lamictal may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Lamictal with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.

Do not suddenly stop taking Lamictal or change your dose without checking with your doctor. Doing so may increase seizure frequency. If you need to stop taking Lamictal, your dose should be gradually reduced over a period of at least 2 weeks.

If you stop taking Lamictal for any reason, contact your doctor right away. Do not start taking it again unless your doctor tells you to. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

If you develop new or worsening seizures, contact your doctor right away.

Patients who take Lamictal may be at increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Patients who have bipolar (manic-depressive) illness may also have an increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions. Watch patients who take Lamictal closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may change the amount of Lamictal in your blood. Talk to your doctor before you start or stop taking hormonal birth control while you are taking Lamictal. Women who take hormonal birth control may be at greater risk of side effects during the week of inactive pills in their pack. Contact your doctor if side effects, such as dizziness, decreased coordination, or double vision, occur.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using Lamictal. Check with your doctor if you have questions about how Lamictal might affect your hormonal birth control. Contact your doctor right away if you notice any unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting. If you wish to avoid pregnancy, talk with your doctor about the use of effective birth control methods.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Lamictal before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Lamictal. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Different medicines may look like or have names similar to Lamictal. Always check your medicine to make sure it is correct. If you notice any change in the appearance of your medicine (eg, shape, color, size, wording), check with your pharmacist.

Caution is advised when using Lamictal in children; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially the risk of serious rash.

Increased sensitivity to the sun has been reported in some children taking Lamictal. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if your child will be exposed to the sun. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

Lamictal should be used with extreme caution in children younger 18 years with bipolar disorder; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Lamictal should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Lamictal may cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Lamictal while you are pregnant. Lamictal is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Lamictal.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred or double vision; constipation; decreased coordination; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; nausea; painful menstrual periods; runny or stuffy nose; stomach upset or pain; tiredness; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness; weight loss.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); absent menstrual period or other menstrual changes; calf pain or tenderness; chest pain; dark urine; difficult or painful urination; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, anxiety, depression, restlessness, irritability, panic attacks, behavior changes, suicidal thoughts or attempts); new or worsening seizures; pale stools; reddened, blistered, swollen, or peeling skin; severe muscle pain or tenderness; severe or persistent stomach pain; shortness of breath; sores in the mouth or around the eyes; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; swollen lymph glands; tremor; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual weakness or tiredness; vaginal itching or discharge; vision changes; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Lamictal is used for treating certain types of seizures. It may be used alone or with other medicines. It may also be used to delay the occurrence of mood problems in certain patients with bipolar disorder. Lamictal is an anticonvulsant.

Use Lamictal as directed by your doctor.

Take Lamictal by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

Lamictal has a bitter taste. Do not crush or chew before swallowing. The tablet may be broken in half if your doctor tells you to do so.

Continue to take Lamictal even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Lamictal, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Lamictal.

Store Lamictal at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Lamictal out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Lamotrigine.

Do NOT use Lamictal if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Lamictal.

Some medical conditions may interact with Lamictal. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have liver, kidney, or heart problems; certain blood problems (eg, thalassemia); or if you receive dialysis treatment

if you have a skin rash or have ever developed a skin rash from taking Lamictal or any other medicines to treat seizures

if you have a history of mental or mood problems (eg, depression, suicidal thoughts or attempts).

Some medicines may interact with Lamictal. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Carbamazepine because it may decrease Lamictal's effectiveness, and the risk of side effects, such as dizziness, double vision, blurred vision, and decreased coordination, may be increased

Valproate (eg, valproic acid, divalproex sodium) because it may increase the risk of Lamictal's side effects

Estrogens, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, rifampin, or succinimides (eg, methsuximide) because they may decrease Lamictal's effectiveness

Hormonal contraceptives (eg, birth control pills) because the effectiveness of both medicines may be decreased.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Lamictal may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Lamictal may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Lamictal with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.

Do not suddenly stop taking Lamictal or change your dose without checking with your doctor. Doing so may increase seizure frequency. If you need to stop taking Lamictal, your dose should be gradually reduced over a period of at least 2 weeks.

If you stop taking Lamictal for any reason, contact your doctor right away. Do not start taking it again unless your doctor tells you to. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

If you develop new or worsening seizures, contact your doctor right away.

Patients who take Lamictal may be at increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Patients who have bipolar (manic-depressive) illness may also have an increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions. Watch patients who take Lamictal closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may change the amount of Lamictal in your blood. Talk to your doctor before you start or stop taking hormonal birth control while you are taking Lamictal. Women who take hormonal birth control may be at greater risk of side effects during the week of inactive pills in their pack. Contact your doctor if side effects, such as dizziness, decreased coordination, or double vision, occur.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using Lamictal. Check with your doctor if you have questions about how Lamictal might affect your hormonal birth control. Contact your doctor right away if you notice any unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting. If you wish to avoid pregnancy, talk with your doctor about the use of effective birth control methods.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Lamictal before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Lamictal. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Different medicines may look like or have names similar to Lamictal. Always check your medicine to make sure it is correct. If you notice any change in the appearance of your medicine (eg, shape, color, size, wording), check with your pharmacist.

Caution is advised when using Lamictal in children; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially the risk of serious rash.

Increased sensitivity to the sun has been reported in some children taking Lamictal. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if your child will be exposed to the sun. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

Lamictal should be used with extreme caution in children younger 18 years with bipolar disorder; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Lamictal should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Lamictal may cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Lamictal while you are pregnant. Lamictal is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Lamictal.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred or double vision; constipation; decreased coordination; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; nausea; painful menstrual periods; runny or stuffy nose; stomach upset or pain; tiredness; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness; weight loss.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); absent menstrual period or other menstrual changes; calf pain or tenderness; chest pain; dark urine; difficult or painful urination; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, anxiety, depression, restlessness, irritability, panic attacks, behavior changes, suicidal thoughts or attempts); new or worsening seizures; pale stools; reddened, blistered, swollen, or peeling skin; severe muscle pain or tenderness; severe or persistent stomach pain; shortness of breath; sores in the mouth or around the eyes; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; swollen lymph glands; tremor; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual weakness or tiredness; vaginal itching or discharge; vision changes; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Altace - Heart Disease, Elobact

Altace is used for treating high blood pressure or decreasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and death in certain patients. It may be used alone or with other medicines. It is used along with other medicines to manage heart failure and improve survival after a heart attack. Altace is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It works by relaxing blood vessels. This helps to lower blood pressure.

Use Altace as directed by your doctor.

Take Altace by mouth with or without food.

Swallow this tablet whole unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Continue to take Altace even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Altace, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Altace.

Store Altace between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Altace out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Ramipril.

Do NOT use Altace if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Altace

you have a history of angioedema (swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness) caused by treatment with an ACE inhibitor

you are in your second or third trimester of pregnancy.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Altace. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you are able to become pregnant

if you have a history of heart problems (eg, aortic stenosis, heart failure), blood vessel problems, blood flow problems, bone marrow problems, kidney problems, certain liver problems (eg, ascites, cirrhosis), or diabetes

if you have a history of angioedema, stroke, or recent heart attack, or you have had a kidney transplant

if you have an autoimmune disease (eg, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma)

if you are dehydrated or have low blood volume, high blood potassium levels, or low blood sodium levels, or if you are on a low-salt (sodium) diet

if you are receiving treatments to reduce sensitivity to bee stings

if you are on dialysis or are scheduled to have major surgery.

Some medicines may interact with Altace. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood pressure may be increased

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, spironolactone, triamterene), potassium supplements, or trimethoprim because the risk of high blood potassium levels may be increased

Certain gold-containing medicines (eg, sodium aurothiomalate) because flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure may occur

Lithium or thiopurines (eg, azathioprine) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Altace.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Altace may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Altace may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Altace with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Altace may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Altace may cause a serious side effect called angioedema. Contact your doctor at once if you develop swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness.

Altace may not work as well in black patients. They may also be at greater risk of side effects. Contact your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse.

Dehydration, excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea may increase the risk of low blood pressure. Contact your health care provider at once if any of these occur.

Rarely, Altace may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. This risk may be greater if you have certain other health problems (eg, kidney problems, collagen vascular disease). Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.

Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Altace before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment. Be sure to take your medicine even if you may not feel "normal." Tell your doctor if you develop any new symptoms.

If you have high blood pressure, do not use nonprescription products that contain stimulants. These products may include diet pills or cold medicines. Contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

Diabetes patients - Altace may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Lab tests, including blood pressure, blood electrolyte levels, heart function, or kidney or liver function, may be performed while you use Altace. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Altace with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Altace should be used with extreme caution in children; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Altace may cause birth defects or fetal death if you take it while you are pregnant. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. It is not known if Altace is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Altace.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Cough; dizziness; headache; tiredness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the hands, eyes, mouth, face, lips, or tongue; hoarseness); chest pain; dark urine; decreased urination; difficulty swallowing; fainting; infection (eg, fever, chills, persistent sore throat); irregular heartbeat; seizures; stomach pain (with or without nausea or vomiting); symptoms of low blood pressure (eg, fainting, severe dizziness, lightheadedness); yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Altace is used for treating high blood pressure or decreasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and death in certain patients. It may be used alone or with other medicines. It is used along with other medicines to manage heart failure and improve survival after a heart attack. Altace is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It works by relaxing blood vessels. This helps to lower blood pressure.

Use Altace as directed by your doctor.

Take Altace by mouth with or without food.

Swallow this tablet whole unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Continue to take Altace even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Altace, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Altace.

Store Altace between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Altace out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Ramipril.

Do NOT use Altace if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Altace

you have a history of angioedema (swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness) caused by treatment with an ACE inhibitor

you are in your second or third trimester of pregnancy.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Altace. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you are able to become pregnant

if you have a history of heart problems (eg, aortic stenosis, heart failure), blood vessel problems, blood flow problems, bone marrow problems, kidney problems, certain liver problems (eg, ascites, cirrhosis), or diabetes

if you have a history of angioedema, stroke, or recent heart attack, or you have had a kidney transplant

if you have an autoimmune disease (eg, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma)

if you are dehydrated or have low blood volume, high blood potassium levels, or low blood sodium levels, or if you are on a low-salt (sodium) diet

if you are receiving treatments to reduce sensitivity to bee stings

if you are on dialysis or are scheduled to have major surgery.

Some medicines may interact with Altace. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood pressure may be increased

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, spironolactone, triamterene), potassium supplements, or trimethoprim because the risk of high blood potassium levels may be increased

Certain gold-containing medicines (eg, sodium aurothiomalate) because flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure may occur

Lithium or thiopurines (eg, azathioprine) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Altace.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Altace may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Altace may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Altace with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Altace may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Altace may cause a serious side effect called angioedema. Contact your doctor at once if you develop swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness.

Altace may not work as well in black patients. They may also be at greater risk of side effects. Contact your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse.

Dehydration, excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea may increase the risk of low blood pressure. Contact your health care provider at once if any of these occur.

Rarely, Altace may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. This risk may be greater if you have certain other health problems (eg, kidney problems, collagen vascular disease). Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.

Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Altace before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment. Be sure to take your medicine even if you may not feel "normal." Tell your doctor if you develop any new symptoms.

If you have high blood pressure, do not use nonprescription products that contain stimulants. These products may include diet pills or cold medicines. Contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

Diabetes patients - Altace may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.

Lab tests, including blood pressure, blood electrolyte levels, heart function, or kidney or liver function, may be performed while you use Altace. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Altace with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Altace should be used with extreme caution in children; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Altace may cause birth defects or fetal death if you take it while you are pregnant. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. It is not known if Altace is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Altace.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Cough; dizziness; headache; tiredness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the hands, eyes, mouth, face, lips, or tongue; hoarseness); chest pain; dark urine; decreased urination; difficulty swallowing; fainting; infection (eg, fever, chills, persistent sore throat); irregular heartbeat; seizures; stomach pain (with or without nausea or vomiting); symptoms of low blood pressure (eg, fainting, severe dizziness, lightheadedness); yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Colver Home Page, Colver

Whats Happening!

Oct 25, 2013 Colver Halloween Parade starts at 12:30 tomorrow afternoon! Trick or Treating follows immediately, until 4pm! Line up for the parade usually starts 15 to 30 minutes a head of time at the Colver Prepbyterian Church parking lot.

June 29, 2013 2:36 pm. Last night at 7pm DJ Partners in Sound started off the entertainment for the evening.

Saturday, the community wide yard sale began at 8am and runs through 3pm. 48 families have signed on to participate! There is a corn hole tournament starting at noon at the firehall. Until 7pm the Holy Family Catholic Church is selling basket raffle tickets in the church basement. Tickets will be sold again Sunday morning, and the winning ticket will be drawn at 4pm Sunday. Ghost Town Revelry begins playing at 8pm Saturday. These is a kid's corner including an inflatable tent and a petting zoo. Bingo, vendors, and crafts are available on Saturday. Make sure to stop by the firehall and buy a chance to win the Ladies Auxillaries prize kit. This year they've assembled a kit to resemble the coal car that accompanies the Colver Welcome sign. The prize includes $100 worth of lottery tickets, $450 worth of gift cards to local businesses, and $1600 worth of donated items. Tickets are $3. The tickets are keyed off of Saturday's Daily Number

Sunday at noon the parade begins, starting from the Colver Presbyterian Church parking lot, continueing through to the fire hall. The parade will include fire fighters, boy scouts, and classic cars. There is a car show starting at 1pm on Sunday. DJ Seth is providing the entertainment for Sunday.

Please consider joining in the festivities!

More information can be obtained through the fire department.

Cambria Twp Volunteer Fire Co 31 Reese Ave, Colver, PA 15927 (814) 748-7560 Thanks! Chris

June 25, 2013 3:56 pm. The success of the 2011 Centennial has led to a revival of the Colver Reunion tradition. This coming weekend, June 28, 29 & 30, the Cambria Township Fire Department is sponsoring the 2013 Colver Reunion.

Please consider joining in the festivities!

More information can be obtained through the fire department.

Cambria Twp Volunteer Fire Co 31 Reese Ave, Colver, PA 15927 (814) 748-7560 Thanks! Chris

February 2, 2012 3:33 pm. Happy Groundhog's Day! The groundhog says six more weeks of winter, but at this point if he is right, those are the only 6 weeks of winter we're going to see this year! Very few Centennial items remain. All DVDs are sold. Most of, perhaps all at this writing, of the Christmas ornaments have been sold. All the coffee mugs are sold, but we still have some beer mugs. We also have booklets available. Thanks! Chris

August 14, 2011 6:27 pm. The winner of the quilt was Clara Evanchick. The winner of the Birdhouse Post was Peggy Sauger. The winner of the money wreath chanced off by the Orthodox Church was Joanne Gaston. The winner of the TV chanced off by the Power Plant was Patty Urgolites.

We still have a few Colver Centennial items left for anyone interested. We still have a few ornaments for sale($15 each) (I understand that the 2nd year ornament was re-ordered and about a dozen of each are available) Coffee Mugs ($8), DVD's($10) Beer mugs with coolies($8) Centennial Booklets($10each) a few t-shirts left(small, medium, each priced at $13 each, and 2XL at $15 each)

The Colver Centennial Booklets are available from colverbook@gmail. com. Everything else can be purchased by contacting Joanne Gaston @ 814-748-7597 or emailing me (Chris) through this site.

July 3, 2011 11:28 pm. We were blessed with an excellent weekend. The firework display was amazing. Thanks to everyone who participated, I hope you all had as much fun as I did.

July 1, 2011. Let the festivities begin! Some of the unique momentos of Colver that will be available include the first ever Colver, PA Historical DVD. as well as commemorative Coffee Mugs and T-Shirts and chances on the Colver Centennial Quilt.

For those not able to be here in person, My NC Cam has graciously provided a live feed of the Centennial.

In case you are worried about missing the entrance to Colver, PA, here's a picture of our sign.

June 26, 2011. A few days ago I updated the schedule of events. and sent out an email to everyone who has registered there to that effect. Since then I've corrected a couple minor typoes, so you might want to double check in case there was something you wanted to make sure you were there for. I'm not aware of anything that was listed later, I accidentally listed a few start times earlier though. Less than a week away, YAHOO! -- Chris

June 16, 2011. I've made a correction to the Presbyterian Church's schedule in the schedule of events. The pancake breakfast is ONLY SATURDAY. My apologies for any confusion. -- Chris

June 1, 2011, Only a month away! I've updated the schedule of events with the latest information.

January 25, 2011, forums are up and running. Stop by to chat.

On November 11, I added a contact link in case you need to send me a note or ask a question.

I also added a sign up page. If you sign up, I'll let you know when we open our forums, and send you an occasional (once a month, when I have the opportunity) email letting you know how plans for the Centennial are progressing.

On July 1st, 2nd, and 3rd of 2011 we are celebrating the Colver Centennial. Please make plans to attend!

Welcome To Colver, PA

Colver is a small town located in Western Central Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1911 by B. Dawson Coleman and John Heisley Weaver due to close proximity to the large amounts of coal in the area and the highly railroad-accessible terrain.

The partnership between the two men was what began the town, however the people have always been the ones who keep it alive.

Though the town has diminished slightly from its once exceptionally prosperous state, it is still a wonderful place to live. Moreover it's a place many can truly call home, for there is a saying that goes,

"Those that live in Colver will always come back, for that is where their hearts lay."

Site Search

Dedication

This site is dedicated to the memories of the miners and railroad workers who lived and worked in Colver and the surrounding communities and were responsible for developing the social capital that so defined the community. Coal mining is one of the toughest, dirtiest along with being one of the most dangerous jobs in the world. Colver coal miners worked 300 feet below the ground in pitch darkness, in an area not more than 4 feet high, their work area defined by the light of their miner's lamp. Railroad workers likewise had a dangerous and demanding job, involving large moving equipment in the extreme weather conditions sometimes found on the Allegheny Ridge.

COLVER

The Partnership

The town of Colver is inextricably intertwined with a partnership of two Eastern capitalists, B. Dawson Coleman of Lebanon and John Heisley Weaver of Williamsport. Both Coleman and Weaver were active in developing coal resources prior to the formation of the partnership. In 1904 Weaver opened a mine at Possum Glory, now known as Heilwood. Coleman was also active in the northern part of Cambria county purchasing mineral rights. About 1909 Coleman and Weaver organized the partnership and purchased a mine owned by the Nanty Glo Coal Company and shortly thereafter began purchasing mineral and surface rights just north of Ebensburg. Click here to find out more about B. Dawson Coleman and John Heisley Weaver.

Unrelated to Coleman and Weaver, a lumber tramroad in the Blacklick Creek valley was chartered as a common carrier in 1904. This was the Blacklick-Yellow Creek railroad and was an under-capitalized, poorly maintained, and lightly constructed railroad. According to S. H. Jencks, Chief Engineer for the C&I, "the said lumber company. wished to dispose of their railroad, which was nothing more than a streak of rust on rotten ties. They had one locomotive that had to venture over the tracks from Rexis, near Vintondale, to a point near Stiles' station on the C&I once a day to hold the charter."

With their experience in operating coal mines, Coleman and Weaver also were very aware of the logistical problems involved in getting the coal to market. The existence of a common carrier railroad (the Blacklick-Yellow Creek railroad), conveniently available for sale, was an opportunity to control the logistics. Some time in 1909-1910, Coleman and Weaver purchased this railroad and shortly thereafter renamed it the Cambria and Indiana Railroad. At the time of purchase, the railroad only interchanged with the Pennsylvania Railroad at Rexis. The decision was made to extend the railroad to meet the Possum Glory Branch of the Cherry Tree and Dixonville Railroad (CT&D). The CT&D was jointly owned by the New York Central and the Pennsylvania railroads and thus gave Coleman and Weaver the option of shipping coal over either the Pennsylvania or NYC Railroads. This prevented either the Pennsylvania or NYC railroads from charging excessive tariffs or imposing controls over the C&I and indirectly control over Coleman and Weaver.

The Mine

From all appearances it appears that the mine was intended to be an up to date mine using modern means of mining. In order to develop the coal rights, Coleman and Weaver purchased several farms, centering about the William's farm and Reese farm, approximately 6 miles North of Ebensburg. In late 1910, work began on the development of the mine which became the Ebensburg Coal Company. In 1911, work began on the C&I rail line and the area which would become the C&I shops. The exact location of the mine was determined by the fact that the mine could be operated as a "slope mine" by which the coal could be hauled out by electric trams (Motors) through tunnels built into the face of a hill(slope). The Cambria Freeman Newspaper of Ebensburg and the Johnstown Tribune reflected the excitement of the county as work began on the mine and the new town with a series of news items as the work progressed. Details of the mine were published by the Cambria Freeman on Jan. 27, 1911 -- that the shaft was 135 feet, the "slope" or "drift" was 350 feet, and a rock tunnel 2,000 feet long. The Johnstown Tribune published a two page spread on April 8, 1911 with many of the details of the town and mine, including pictures. The Tribune added some details such as the slope dropped 120 feet in the 350 foot run, that the mine was to be equipped with a "new system of electric haulage."

The coal seam mined was the Lower Kittaning, known locally as the Miller or "B" Seam. The main bench ranged from 42 to 48 inches in thickness.

According to the Sesquicentennial Cambria County history published by the Cambria County Historical Society, the first coal was shipped in October 1911, however the Cambria Freeman indicated the first coal was shipped in August, 1911. During the first year the mine produced 22,300 tons of coal and was ranked 25th in the district. Some histories of the town state that the first coal was pulled from the mines by mules, but this item only appears in later histories, it appears that the Colver mine used electric motors from the start. Jencks indicates that the first coal was brought out of the mine through the shaft and taken over a tram road to a temporary tipple near 20 Row about October 1, 1911. The Johnstown Tribune article stated that this tram road was to be about 1500 feet long with a slope of 5 degrees and that the cars were to be dropped to the temporary tipple by the use of wire cables.

The first mine opening and shaft were up near what became "20 Row." When the tunnel was completed, the coal was brought out through the tunnel to the main tipple. The slope entrance was used for years as an air intake for the mine. Sometime in the 1922-1923 timeframe, the shaft between Second and Third street was sunk and a complex that included a washhouse (or bathhouse), hoist house, shaft house and steam plant was constructed and became the main mine entry for the miners. By the 1940's the mine was so extensive that ventilation was becoming a problem and in 1946 an airshaft was sunk near Belsano ("Main Y" ) and in 1950 a washhouse was added at that site becoming a mine portal. In 1953 another shaft was sunk near the Colver "T" ("Main F") This was unique in that it was a partitioned shaft which was an air intake on one side and air exhaust on the other. A wash house was also added at the same site and it also became a man portal.

The Town

Following a pattern of naming conventions by Coleman and Weaver, the name Colver for the vicinity of the mine was derived by using the first syllable of Col eman and the last syllable of Wea ver . (Note: In 1916, a second town was developed near by, using the name "Revloc" which was the reverse of Colver. Revloc was operated by the Monroe Coal Company which was another operating company of Coleman and Weaver.)

First to be developed as Colver were locales called "9 Row," "20 Row," and "Shantytown." These were developed near the mine and tipple and that area was known as Colver. Twenty Row, Nine Row and Shanty-Town were built between 1911 and 1913, Nine Row was reserved for the mine bosses and Shanty-Town was for the "foreigners.". The Colver we know today was first known as Colver Heights (some early C&I timetables refer to it as "Mount Colver"). According to some oral history, the actual location of Colver Heights was established at the suggestion of Mrs Weaver. Later Heights was dropped from the name.

Some names of the farms purchased remain as part of the street names. For the most part Colver was built on the Reese farm and the name survives as the main street of Colver, Reese Avenue. The mine and C & I Railroad were built on the Frances property and the name survives as the names of an avenue. Coleman and Weaver Avenues were the other avenues. The cross streets were numbered from one to eleven, however only 9 streets were developed during the time the town was owned by the coal company. There was also a Williams Avenue laid out on the South side of town, but again the town was not extended any further south than Long Avenue.

According to the Cambria Freeman newspaper of June 30, 1911, there was then 40 houses and other structures in Colver and a contract to build 60 more houses at $800 each was let to John E. Miller of Ebensburg. Other items of information carried in the same article were that the road through the woods to the town was just about completed and the railroad had ordered 200 steel hopper cars from the Cambria Steel Company.

According to S. H. Jencks, in September 1911 the engineering staff for the C&I were assigned to oversee building operations for the town of Colver. The engineering staff ". built a small reservoir as a temporary water supply, ran the water lines to the houses and graded streets, and did whatever else was required to get a town on its feet." The remains of the first reservoir can be seen in the little dip between Tripoli and Colver.

Most of the design work was done "in-house" by the engineers of Coleman and Weaver, however in a departure from the norm, the Hotel and Presbyterian Church were designed by a noted designer, Horace Trumbauer of Philadelphia, who is best known for his work at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and Duke University. The company opened and operated a quarry for stone which was used in the institutional buildings of Colver. The remains of the quarry can be seen off the western side of the road to Bakersville and 20 Row from 5th street.

In order to provide an adequate water supply, the company constructed Vetera Dam about 6 miles from Colver. Jencks notes that a temporary dam and pump house construction began in May of 1913. In September construction of the permanent dam was started, but was not completed until spring of 1914 since the work had to be supervised by the Department of Waters in Harrisburg. Jencks complained that poor oversight on the part of the state extended the time required for the construction of the reservoir.

Colver is considered to be a good example of a planned company town. View a 1923 map of the town with some notes added by Penn State Researchers. The main street through Colver is Reese Avenue. Coleman Avenue and Weaver Avenues parallel Reese Avenue to the North and South. As you study the layout of the town, you will note that the lots on the North side of First Street plus the lots immediately adjacent to Reese Avenue between 1st and 4th street were used for the C&I housing, the lots further removed from Reese Avenue were used for the Ebensburg Coal Company. The area immediately adjacent to Reese Avenue from 5th street to 9th street was also laid out for housing, but never used by the company.

Colver was built in basically 7 sections, with the last houses being built in 1923. A 1924 Sanborn Fire insurance map shows 405 houses in Colver. Coleman and Weaver made the decision early on not to sell individual lots because they insisted on having control over the work force, citing the example of the Berwind-White coal company selling the houses and lots to the miners of Windber. In fact this control was exercised in that some of the miners were evicted from their homes in Colver July 10, 1922, the same day they went on strike as part of a general coal strike during the summer of 1922. It was not until 1948 that the miners were able to buy the houses they lived in.

A blacksmith shop and stables were located on the lower part of Fifth Street.

The Housing

Colver reflects many of the housing and industrial reform ideals that were being advocated at that time, (now appearing very primitive by the standards of the 21st century). For the coal miners the result was single family houses on fairly large (by standards of the time) lots instead of row style or tenement type housing. Management housing was generally indistinguishable in appearance from the miner housing, however this housing generally had 6 rooms and a bathroom. For the ordinary miner, initially two houses shared a cold water spigot between the houses. (In cold weather the tap had to be propped open to keep from freezing.) Each house had one outhouse and a coal bin combination. Each of the rooms had one bare electric bulb suspended from the ceiling. Power and water were free, provided by the coal company. One single white enamel sink was provided and was drained through the wall to the ground outside. Coal stoves were used to heat and cook and were the property of the individual. Houses were balloon frames (the studs run from the first floor sill to the top plate on the second floor) with weather board outside siding and painted gray with white trim. In 1928, the houses were covered with green asbestos shingles to cut down on the painting. The six room houses did have a full bathroom. In the 1910's and 1920s the four room houses rented for $6 a month or $3 a paycheck. The rent only increased to $9 a month in the World War II years.

A few of the houses were 3 room, one story in an "L-shape" built in 1900 and purportedly brought to Colver from Starford, a Coleman and Weaver property in Indiana County as the mine there was worked out. These houses were generally referred to as "The Shanties." For these shanties, there was a shared (but partitioned) outhouse combined with a coal bin. The Johnstown Tribune article of April 8, 1911, noted that these houses were for the "foreigners."

There is a wide disparity in the houses built for the C&I workers and the coal miners, the better (brick) housing being provided for the C&I housing. The C&I houses on the North side of First Street and part of Reese Avenue were built between 1917 and 1919.

It does not appear that Coleman and Weaver saw themselves as any type of social reformers. It would appear they wished to insure that they had a stable work force to operate the mine and that by providing good housing and amenities they could accomplish this end. Jencks notes for 1912 said that there was a need for 2,500 miners in the county.

Community Infrastructure

The company attempted to provide "everything." The owners also provided a general store, movie theater, arcade, snack bar, post office, and a hotel. At one time there was a skating rink on the second floor of the amusement building. Also provided was the water system, sewer system (mostly an open drainage system), electric power system and the telephone system. Steam was provided to heat the store, theater, hotel, and other buildings along Reese Avenue as well as some of the management housing. As much as anything, the fact that there was a hospital to serve the miners and their families defined the new town (and company) as being a very progressive community. Provisions were made for three churches, a Presbyterian(1915), a Roman Catholic (1912), and an Eastern Orthodox (1916), reflecting the ethnic makeup of the community. It was noted that there was a playground for the children in the park across from the company store. The police force were Coal and Iron Police and a jail (click here) was built on Third Street near the washhouse. The company sponsored a fire company, community band for concerts and dances, gun club, baseball teams (Colver Colts) and leagues. Gardening was encouraged and prizes from $2.50 to $25.00 were offered for the best gardens and vegetables. There was a garage on 8th street which was the only commercial establishment not owned by the coal company or its subsidaries. The company very carefully created subsidary companies -- there was the Colver Land Company (1910) that owned the land and houses, the Colver Electric Company (1917) that provided power, the Colver Water Company (1913), the Colver Telephone Company (which by some quirk has a date of 1874), the Colver Amusement Company (1912) that owned the theatre, and the Colver Store Company (1913). Click here to see addional notes on the corporations that were the legal entities of Colver

Jewtown and Tripoli

The town was very tightly controlled, although it was not as tightly controlled as other company towns. No other commercial establishments were permitted in the town. The only bar was the in the Hotel and as Jencks noted, "The common herd was not welcome within the hotel. " That did not stop the Colver residents from obtaining alchocol. What did occur was two communities sprang up just outside the town, one being Tripoli (called "Tripalow" by the residents) and "Jewtown," now known as Bakersville. Tripoli was about one half mile immediately to the East of the town and Bakersville was just South of 20 Row. These appear to have been robust little communities.

Jewtown was the first of the two outlying communities. The 1920 census shows Jewtown as having two grocery stores, a dry goods store, and a bakery. In 1922 a bottling company was established and later on a dry cleaning shop. One of grocery stores was owned by a Russian national and the other by an Austrian. The dry goods store was also owned by a Russian national. The bakery was owned by an Italian. In addition there were two Italians listed as being "retail merchants." These men most likely sold goods from door to door from horse drawn wagons (on credit) and collected in full each payday.

One of the stores moved from Jewtown to Tripoli sometime in the 1930's. Since the town was so tightly controlled, there were no establishments outside the hotel bar that sold liquor in Colver, several bars were established in Tripoli. In addition the Slovak Club and the Italian Club were constructed in Tripoli and the union hall.

The School

The first school was a 50 foot one room building and Miss Viola Parrish was the first teacher. The room contained some seats, one table, a coal stove, but no blackboard. There were 98 students in grades 1-7 by the end of 1912 requiring the addition of two more teachers. A four room brick school was built in 1913 and before the year was out, four more rooms were added. In 1921 four more rooms and an auditorium was added, and in 1927 a larger school was built next to it. View photographs of the schools as seen from Weaver Avenue between 5th and 6th Streets. The coal company provided much of the funding for the schools, but built by the Cambria Township School Board. The Company exercised some control by the fact that some of the mine officials were members of the school board.

The Hospital

The first hospital was two joined 6 room houses on First Street. Later as the mine operations increased a new mine headquarters building was built uptown and the old mine headquarters became the hospital. For more details on the hospital, Click here.

The United Mine Workers bought the hospital in 1940 and operated it until closed by the state in 1974. When the UMW bought the hospital the charge for each person was $2.00 per month for the hospital and $1.50 for the office (very much like today's HMO's). This charge also provided medicines except for the more expensive prescription drugs. Dr. Martin continued to fill in at the hospital off and on from 1965 until 1972 when he completely retired.

The Company Store

The Company store was also notable. A Grit article of July 9, 1916 noted that the company store had 28,000 square feet, employed 19 persons, and carried over $40,000 in merchandise. A slaughter house was right next to the store which provided fresh meat for the store. In addition, Coleman and Weaver operated a farm which supplied the store with milk, butter, cheese and eggs. According to the same article, the milk was bottled and sealed under government inspection. The company store had several charge systems where the residents could charge their purchases and the charge would be deducted from the worker's pay. For larger purchases the payment period was extended, much like installment payments of today. Many company stores required as a condition of employment that the miner purchase all his goods at the company store. The Ebensburg Coal Company did not make this a requirement of employment, however each miner was required in his contract to permit the company to deduct purchases made at the company store.

The company store was sold to a private individual in 1963, however the charge system continued until 1977. The store is now closed and only a convience store remains in Colver.

Irregardless of the Grit article, many of the residents considered the merchandise overpriced and of lower quality than could be purchased elsewhere. Those miners and C&I employees who could do so tended to shop in Ebensburg, Carrolltown, and sometimes Barnesboro. As mentioned above, there were merchants in nearby Bakersville (Jewtown) and Tripoli, several of whom delivered using horse drawn wagons

Another unique element in Colver was the Dairy Farm. This was located immediately to the North of 9th Street (the bottom of 9th Street). A road went up from the farm to 9th Street. As previously mentioned, it provided dairy products to the store, and also was the location for some prize animals. The aforementioned Grit Article mentioned prize Holstein and Jersey cattle. From what we can find, this was a modern up to date operation. This was discussed further by Barton Richards, a trooper with the 104th Cavalry in a letter to the New Castle (Pa) Daily News, when he visited the farm in late July, 1922. He noted the presence of named prize animals, a Holstein bull, a Poland China brood sow, and some collie dogs noting their blood line. Richard's letter also made made note of the cleanness and high state of maintenance with in the barns and the addition of automatic drinking fountains for the cows. The Dairy Farm also had an orchard which provided apples to the company store.

Labor Relations

The Grit article of July 9, 1916 made a elaborate case that the miners were well satisfied with the working conditions and over the "progressive" attitude of Weaver. Grit claimed that the miners made between "$25 and $40 a week" and later in the same article that ". the houses have from four to six rooms and rent at from $8 and $12 a month," giving a clear implication that the conditons were such that there was no need for the miners to organize. Nevertheless labor strife dogged the company almost from the beginning. Jencks states in his notes for 1912 that "Labor Organizers and Agitators were beginning to give trouble. " and in 1915 a stockholder of the company, E. F. Saxman, came to Colver to "take a hand in management" of the labor situation. On October 20, 1915, Saxman routed a carload of union organizers from the hotel using his fists on a few "to show he meant business," chasing them back to Ebensburg. Jencks noted that this was the real beginning of trouble with the union.

For the most part, those who worked in the mine at Colver considered themselves fortunate to be there. When asked why, the response tended to be that -- the pay was good, the work was steady, and it wasn't any worse than anywhere else. In fact from reviewing the literature on the status and plight of the soft coal miner, Colver living conditions appear to have been much better and the manangement better than other mine communities.

The author recalls visiting the issue with his mother, the specific question being "What was it like during the depression?" The response was "We had a car, refrigerator, radio, and your Dad worked 3 or 4 days a week."

As mentioned earlier, Colver was tightly controlled. Since the company owed the entire town, comings and goings were closely monitored. Margret Mulrooney cites one case where a young man was stopped and questioned as he went to visit a friend in 20 Row and Russel Edwards recalls his parent's automobile being stopped and having to show proof they lived in Colver. In May of 1922, a notice was published in the Indiana, (Pa) Times declaring Colver to be a "Closed Town."

The Militia Occupation

On April 1, 1922, the United Mines Workers called a strike in the bituminous coal fields. Revloc went out on Strike on April 6, but Colver remained at work until July 10. On July 10, 1922 the Johnstown Tribune stated that the miners at Colver had gone on strike. The Johnstown paper reported that immediately the Coal and Iron Police were brought into the town. On July 21, the state militia was mobilized and stationed in various locations throughout the coal fields, one of the locations being Colver. Newspapers of the time indicate that the First Squadron of the 104th Cavalry was stationed near Ebensburg and that Troop A, First Squadron, 104th Calvary occupied Colver and patroled the roads from 6 A. M to 6 P. M, using both horses and a truck for patrols. One of the facets that can be inferred from the reports of the occupation was that the troops saw this particular mission as protecting the property of one B. Dawson Coleman. Click here for Details of the Occupation. There was no violence, and upon demobilization the report was made that only once were shots fired and that was when a carload of drunken Coal and Iron police fired into the camp. One source said that there was a roadblock by the Militia at the Colver T" (where the Colver road joins the old (first) U. S. highway 219.) Click here for a discussion of the issues in this strike. It was not until 1933 with the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act that the miners were able to unionize.

Dissolution of the Coleman and Weaver Partnership

The Coleman and Weaver partnership was dissolved in 1922. Coleman took possession of the mine at Colver and sold his share in the C&I to the New York Central. Weaver kept the Heisley and Monroe Coal Companies and a 60% interest in the C&I Railroad. In 1948, Weavers 60% interest was sold to Bethlehem Steel Corporation. On August 1, 1956 the Ebensburg Coal Company was sold to Eastern Gas & Fuel Associates. Later Eastern Gas and Fuel sold the property to the Peabody Coal Company

The Train Robbery

Another interesting event in the life of the town came on October 11, 1924 when the train robbery occurred. The C&I train carrying the coal company payroll cash was stopped and the payroll was taken. Unfortunately one of the payroll guards was killed in the robbery. This is pretty much considered to be the last great train robbery in the United States.

Colver Boom Years

The population of Colver was estimated to be 2,000 in 1924 with the existing housing. No more houses were built until after World War II, but the population was estimated to be nearly 4000 just before World War II. Overcrowding was the norm, some people can recall 4 room houses having 10 people living in them. Families looked for single men who worked the night shift, the men slept during the day and the children slept in the same beds at night. Almost all homes had at least one boarder.

Colver was a tough town. Mrs. Martin, the doctor's wife, mentioned walking to the post office shortly after they got there and there was a body in the ditch. The first chief of Police was killed in the line of duty. (See the entries on the Coal and Iron Police page.)

In essence, Colver did not undergo any significant changes between 1923 and the late 1940's. A service station was added across the street from the company store in 1925. The "Street Car" service was discontinued in the 1930's and the tracks removed. Also in the early 1930's the dairy farm was discontinued as an operation of the coal company. World War II saw in excess of 600 men from the Colver area go into the service and 16 men died in the service during World War II.

The Mountaineer Herald of August 24, 1933 reported that Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Roosevelt unexpectedly called at the Colver and Revloc "mine works" staying overnight in the new Ebensburg Inn.

During World War II, the Colver mine produced 6,000 tons of clean coal daily with a work force of 1,400 hand loaders at one time. In 1950, the mine was completely mechanized with production of 5,400 tons daily.

Beginning in the 1950's Colver began to go into a decline. As the demand for Coal decreased and with increasing mechanization, layoffs became common. The houses were sold to the tenants starting about 1948 and as was mentioned earlier the company store was sold to a private individual in 1963.

An addendum to the Jencks journal (under a letterhead of the C&I Railroad dated January 12, 1973) notes that on January 1, 1973, the work force was 240 with a daily production tonnage of 1,550 tons.

Colver Now

The Colver mine was closed in 1978. The C&I Railroad operations out of Colver stopped in 1990 and the C&I ceased operations completely in 1994.

The mine has been sealed, however an unfortunate by product of the mining operations must still be dealt with -- Acid Mine drainage. There is a water treatment facility at the site of the Y portal near Belsano where mine water surfaces through 4 bore holes. The mine water is treated with lime and then aerated to oxide the sulfur. The water flows through two settling ponds before entering the Black Lick Creek. The resulting water is clean enough that there are fish in the discharge. This facility is operated by the last two remaining employees of the Ebensburg Coal Company. They are very proud of the fact that there have been no environmental violations.

In 2001, the population is just over 1000 made up of approximately 430 families. The town is essentially a retirement community and a bedroom community for nearby industry. It is noted that the residents still go to the post office every day to pick up their mail and life goes on.

Historic District

Colver was designated a National Historic District in June of 1994 under the auspices of America's Industrial Heritage Project of the U. S. National Parks Service. Due to the singular nature of its industry, Colver has survived relatively intact since its inception in 1910 and that fact makes it fairly unique in Pennsylvania's industrial history. The historic district area is roughly bounded by Ninth Street, the Ebensburg Coal Company Power Building, and Bakersville, Cambria Township.

Colver Power Project

In 1992 Colver was selected as a pilot project to reclaim waste coal as a source of power. In 1995 the Colver Power Project was brought on line and as such has earned environmental honors. This plant is classified as a "Small Power Producer" and as such is capable of producing 1102 megawatts of electricity.

This page developed and maintained by Telford (Jack) Hill. and Richard Hill

Send comments or notes to hilltj@earthlink. net or you can call me at (610) 255-5154.

Last Update Jan 28, 2002

We invite you to submit any comments or old Photos of Colver. We are continuing to seek material that we can use to upgrade this site. Number of visitors to site:

Alesse - Woman S Health, Neovlar

Alesse is used to prevent ovulation as a contraception medication. The drug changes condition of cervical mucus and uterine lining and hampers movement of sperm cells to the uterus and attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus.

Dosage and direction

Follow all recommendations of your health care advisor. Take the first on the first day of your menses or on the first Sunday after your period started. If you use Alesse for the firs time you may need additional birth control means. There are 28-day birth control packs with seven 'reminder' pills for the regular cycle. While you are using 'reminder' pills the period usually begins. Breakthrough bleeding is possible, if it becomes heavy and continues, inform your doctor. Take each pill each day about the same time. When your pill pack is over start a new one. In case of needed medical tests or surgery, it is possible that you may need to stop using Alesse for a short period of time.

Precautions Additional birth control methods (condoms or a spermicide) may be needed when you start to use Alesse. Intake of hormones may increase the risk of blood clotting, heart attack, stroke, especially in the patients over 35 y. o. or smokers. Inform your doctor if you have problems with heart, blood pressure, congestive heart failure, angina, high cholesterol, depression in history, seizures or epilepsy, diabetes, gallbladder disease, varicose veins, tuberculosis, uterine fibroid tumors, a history of fibrocystic breast disease, nodules, lumps.

Contraindications This medication cannot be used in pregnant women or those just after delivery, in patients with a stroke or blood clot in history, circulation problems, vaginal bleeding, hormone-related cancer, liver disease or liver cancer, circulation problems, abnormal vaginal bleeding, migraine headaches, a heart valve disorder, severe high blood pressure, jaundice caused by birth control pills in history.

Side effects Besides allergic symptoms (hives, skin rash, facial swelling, difficulty breathing) this medication may be a reason of sudden numbness or weakness, pain behind the eyes, problems with vision, headache, confusion, speech, or balance, a change in the pattern or severity of migraine headaches, chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling, swelling of the extremities, depression, loss of appetite, nausea, stomach pain, dark urine, jaundice.

There are drugs which can interact with Alesse. Inform your doctor about all prescribed and over-the counter medications, herbal products and food supplements you use and especially about theophylline (Respbid, Theo-Dur), acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ascorbic acid (vitamin C), prednisolone (Orapred), St. John's wort, seizure medications, cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune), a barbiturate sedatives, HIV or AIDS medications, and antibiotics.

Missed dose If you missed a pill risk of becoming pregnant increases. If you forgot to take one 'active' pill, take two pills as soon as you remember then return to your schedule. If you miss two 'active' pills in a row in first or second week of treatment, take two pills a day for two days in a row. Then return to your schedule. Use birth control test during seven days if such a 'mistake' occurred. If you miss two 'active' pills in a row during third week, or if you miss three pills in a row during any of the first three weeks, you need to start a new pack of pills as if you are a First Day starter. If you did not take three 'active' pills in a row during any of the first three weeks, start a new pack on the same day as if you are a First Day starter. If you skipped intake of two or more pills, you may not have a monthlies during this month. If you miss a period for two months in a row you might be pregnant. If you miss any reminder pills, throw the missed pills away and return to your schedule.

Overdose The most expected overdose symptoms of this medication are vomiting, nausea, and vaginal bleeding.

Storage Store at room temperature between 20-25 C (68-77 F). Store away from moisture, heat, and sunlight. It is not recommended to store in a bathroom and places available for children.

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Domstal Rd; Capsule, Torrent Group (Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Domstal-Rd

Domstal RD - Capsule, Torrent group (Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd.)

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Butalbital Compound Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings - Dosing, Butalbital C

Butalbital Compound

GENERIC NAME(S): BUTALBITAL/ASPIRIN/CAFFEINE

Uses

This combination medication is used to treat tension headaches. Aspirin helps to decrease the pain from the headache. Caffeine helps increase the effects of aspirin. Butalbital is a sedative that helps to decrease anxiety and cause sleepiness and relaxation.

OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.

This medication may also be used to treat migraine headaches .

How to use Butalbital Compound

Take this medication by mouth. usually every 4 hours as needed or as directed by your doctor. Do not take more than 6 capsules/tablets in a 24-hour period. Take with a full glass of water (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this medication. To help prevent stomach upset, take it with food or milk.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. This medication works best if it is used as the first signs of a headache occur. If you wait until the headache has worsened, the medication may not work as well.

This medication may cause withdrawal reactions, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in high doses. In such cases, withdrawal symptoms (such as nausea /vomiting. mental/mood changes, seizures ) may occur if you suddenly stop using this medication. To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details, and report any withdrawal reactions right away.

Though very unlikely, abnormal drug-seeking behavior (addiction ) is possible with this medication. To lessen the risk of becoming addicted, do not increase your dose, take it more frequently, or take it for a longer time than prescribed. Use the smallest effective dose. Properly stop the medication when so directed.

Inform your doctor if you notice increased use of this medication, a worsening of headaches, an increase in the number of headaches, the medication not working as well, or use of this medication for more than 2 headache episodes a week. Your doctor may need to change your medication and/or add a separate medication to prevent the headaches.

Side Effects

Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, gas, shaking (tremor), lightheadedness, dizziness. or drowsiness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

To lower your risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: mental/mood changes, fainting. fast/irregular heartbeat. increased thirst/urination, hearing changes (e. g. ringing in the ears ), easy bruising/bleeding, signs of infection (e. g. fever, persistent sore throat ), heartburn. discomfort when swallowing, dark urine, yellowing eyes /skin. signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine), unusual tiredness.

Seek immediate medical attention if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: black stools, severe stomach/abdominal pain. vomit that looks like coffee grounds, slurred speech, weakness on one side of the body.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction. including: rash. itching /swelling (especially of the face/tongue /throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing .

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www. fda. gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to aspirin, caffeine. or butalbital; or to other barbiturates (e. g. phenobarbital ), salicylates (e. g. salsalate), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e. g. ibuprofen ), or xanthine derivatives (e. g. theophylline); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: severe breathing problems (e. g. bronchopneumonia), a certain enzyme disorder (porphyria ), aspirin-sensitive asthma (a history of worsening breathing with runny/stuffy nose after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs ), severe stomach/bowel problems (e. g. stomach/intestinal ulcers), bleeding/blood clotting disorders (e. g. hemophilia. von Willebrand's disease, thrombocytopenia ).

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease, asthma, heartburn, gout, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), personal or family history of regular use/abuse of drugs/alcohol, certain enzyme deficiencies (pyruvate kinase or G6-PD deficiency), mental/mood disorders. heart disease (e. g. irregular heartbeat, recent heart attack).

Before having surgery or certain medical procedures (such as a heart stress test or a procedure to restore a normal heart rhythm if you have an unusually fast heartbeat), tell your doctor or dentist that you use this medication and about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

This medicine may cause stomach bleeding. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco, especially when combined with this medicine, may increase your risk for stomach bleeding. Limit alcohol and stop smoking. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

This medication contains aspirin. Children and teenagers less than 18 years old should not take aspirin if they have chickenpox, flu, or any undiagnosed illness, or if they have just been given a live virus vaccine, without first consulting a doctor about Reye's syndrome, a rare but serious illness.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, stomach/intestinal bleeding and ulcers, and trouble falling asleep. Drowsiness and trouble falling asleep can increase the risk of falling.

This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Consult your doctor for more details.

This drug passes into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Therefore, breast-feeding is not recommended while using this drug. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: darunavir, ketorolac, mifepristone, sodium oxybate, acetazolamide, certain drugs used to treat gout (e. g. uricosuric drugs such as probenecid, sulfinpyrazone), certain antibiotics (e. g. penicillin, sulfonamides such as sulfamethoxazole), drugs affecting liver enzymes that remove this medication from your body (such as macrolide antibiotics including erythromycin, cimetidine, disulfiram, valproic acid, MAO inhibitors including isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine), lithium, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate, methoxyflurane, phenytoin.

This medication may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with other drugs that also may cause bleeding. Examples include anti-platelet drugs such as clopidogrel, "blood thinners" such as dabigatran/enoxaparin/warfarin, among others.

This drug can speed up the removal of other drugs from your body by affecting certain liver enzymes. These affected drugs include corticosteroids such as prednisone, estrogen, felodipine, quinidine, certain beta blockers such as metoprolol, theophylline, doxycycline.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you also take drugs that cause drowsiness such as: certain antihistamines (e. g. diphenhydramine), medicine for sleep or anxiety (e. g. alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers (e. g. codeine), psychiatric medicines (e. g. chlorpromazine, risperidone, amitriptyline, trazodone).

Check the labels on all your medicines (e. g. cough-and-cold products, other headache medications) because they may contain aspirin, caffeine, or drowsiness-causing ingredients. Also keep in mind that certain beverages (e. g. coffee, colas, tea) contain caffeine. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.

Also, check all prescription and nonprescription medicine labels carefully since many medications contain pain relievers/fever reducers (NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin) that may increase your risk for side effects if taken together with this medication. However, if your doctor has directed you to take low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attack or stroke (usually at dosages of 81-325 milligrams a day), you should continue taking the aspirin unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

This medication may decrease the effectiveness of hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring. This could cause pregnancy. Discuss with your doctor or pharmacist if you should use additional reliable birth control methods while using this medication. Also tell your doctor if you have any new spotting or breakthrough bleeding, because these may be signs that your birth control is not working well.

This medication may interfere with certain medical/laboratory tests (including fasting blood glucose, cholesterol levels, prothrombin time, urine 5-HIAA levels, urine VMA levels, certain urine glucose tests, dipyridamole-thallium imaging tests), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness, slow breathing, severe dizziness, persistent nausea/vomiting, ringing in the ears.

Notes

Do not share this medication with others. It is against the law.

Massage, hot baths, and other relaxation methods can help with tension headaches. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (e. g. liver and kidney function tests) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Missed Dose

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Information last revised April 2016. Copyright(c) 2016 First Databank, Inc.

Images

No data available at this time.

Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, expect as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.

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ADHD Drug Side Effects

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Triquilar Ed Tablets, Triquilar

TRIQUILAR® ED (TRI kwill are Ee Dee) Contraceptive tablets for women

ethinyloestradiol and levonorgestrel

Consumer Medicine Information

WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET

This leaflet answers some common questions about Triquilar ED. It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking Triquilar ED against the benefits they expect it will have for you.

If you have any concerns, or are unsure about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist for more advice.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.

WHAT TRIQUILAR ED IS USED FOR

Triquilar ED is a combined oral contraceptive, commonly known as a ‘birth control pill’ or ‘the Pill’.

Triquilar ED is used to prevent pregnancy.

You may also experience the following benefits:

more regular and lighter periods - potentially resulting in a decrease in anaemia (iron deficiency)

a decrease in period pain.

Some conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, fibrocystic breast changes, acne and cancer of the uterus (womb) and ovaries may be less common in women taking the Pill.

When taken correctly, Triquilar ED prevents you from becoming pregnant in several ways, including:

inhibiting ovulation (egg release)

changing the cervical mucus consistency making it more difficult for the sperm to reach the egg.

When the Pill is taken by women under close observation in clinical trials, it is more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. However, in real life the Pill is around 92% effective. This is because pills might have been missed, may have been taken with medicines that interfere with their effectiveness, or may not be absorbed due to vomiting or diarrhoea.

Like all oral contraceptives, Triquilar ED is intended to prevent pregnancy. It does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.

BEFORE YOU TAKE TRIQUILAR ED

When you must not take it

Do not take Triquilar ED if you have an allergy to:

ethinyloestradiol and/or levonorgestrel (the active ingredients in Triquilar ED)

any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:

shortness of breath

wheezing or difficulty in breathing

swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body

rash, itching or hives on the skin.

Do not take Triquilar ED if you have or have had a blood clot in:

the blood vessels of the legs (deep vein thrombosis - DVT)

the lungs (pulmonary embolism - PE)

the heart (heart attack)

the brain (stroke)

other parts of the body.

Do not take Triquilar ED if you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots. Blood clots are rare. Very occasionally blood clots may cause serious permanent disability, and may even be fatal.

You are more at risk of having a blood clot when you take the Pill. However, the risk of having a blood clot when taking the Pill is less than the risk of having a blood clot during pregnancy.

Do not take Triquilar ED if you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots because of age or smoking. The risk of having a heart attack or stroke increases as you get older. It also increases if you smoke. You should stop smoking when taking the Pill, especially if you are older than 35 years of age.

Do not take Triquilar ED if you have, or have had:

angina (chest pain)

a mini-stroke (also known as TIA or transient ischaemic attack)

migraine, accompanied by visual symptoms, speech disability, or weakness or numbness in any part of your body

diabetes mellitus with blood vessel damage

pancreatitis (an inflammation of the pancreas) associated with high levels of fatty substances in your blood

severe liver disease and your liver function has not returned to normal

cancer that may grow under the influence of sex hormones (e. g. of the breast or the genital organs)

a benign or malignant liver tumour

unexplained vaginal bleeding.

If any of these conditions appear for the first time while using the Pill, stop taking it at once and tell your doctor. In the meantime, use non-hormonal (barrier) methods of contraception (such as condoms or a diaphragm).

Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant.

Do not give this medicine to a child. Triquilar ED is not intended for use in females whose periods have not yet started.

Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack and blister. The expiry date is printed on the carton and on each blister after “EXP” (e. g. 11 18 refers to November 2018). The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. If it has expired return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

Do not take this medicine if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering. If the packaging is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.

Tell your doctor if:

you smoke

you or anyone in your immediate family has had blood clots in the legs (DVT), or lungs (PE), a heart attack, a stroke, breast cancer or high cholesterol.

Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:

diabetes

high blood pressure

heart valve disorders or certain heart rhythm disorders

inflammation of your veins (superficial phlebitis)

varicose veins

migraine

epilepsy.

Ask your doctor to check if you:

are overweight

have high cholesterol or triglycerides

have liver disease

have gall bladder disease

have Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis (chronic inflammatory bowel disease)

have systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE - a disease affecting the skin all over the body)

have haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS - a disorder of blood coagulation causing failure of the kidneys)

have sickle cell disease

have a condition that occurred for the first time, or worsened during pregnancy or previous use of sex hormones (e. g. hearing loss, a metabolic disease called porphyria, a skin disease called herpes gestationis, a neurological disease called Sydenham’s chorea)

have chloasma (yellowish-brown pigmentation patches on the skin, particularly of the face) – if so, avoid exposure to the sun or ultraviolet radiation

have hereditary angioedema - you should see your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms of angioedema, such as swollen face, tongue and/or pharynx and/or difficulty swallowing, or hives together with difficulty in breathing.

If any of the above conditions appear for the first time, recur or worsen while taking Triquilar ED, you should contact your doctor.

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. Triquilar ED is generally not recommended if you are breastfeeding.

Triquilar ED contains lactose. If you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before you start taking Triquilar ED.

If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking Triquilar ED.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines and Triquilar ED may interfere with each other. These include:

medicines used to treat tuberculosis such as rifampicin, rifabutin

a class of antibiotics known as macrolides, such as clarithromycin, erythromycin

medicines used to treat fungal infections, such as ketoconazole, griseofulvin

medicines used to treat HIV, such as ritonavir or nevirapine

some medicines used to treat Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) such as boceprevir, telaprevir

medicines used to treat epilepsy such as phenytoin, primidone, barbiturates (e. g. phenobarbitone), carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, topiramate, felbamate, lamotrigine

cyclosporin, an immunosuppressant medicine

some medicines used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain or irregular heartbeats such as diltiazem, verapamil

herbal medicines containing St John’s Wort

grapefruit juice.

These medicines may be affected by Triquilar ED or may affect how well it works. Your doctor may need to alter the dose of your medicine, or prescribe a different medicine.

You may need to use additional barrier methods of contraception (such as condoms or a diaphragm) while you are taking any of these medicines with Triquilar ED and for some time after stopping them. Your doctor will be able to advise you on how long you will need to use additional contraceptive methods.

Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines that you need to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.

HOW TO TAKE TRIQUILAR ED

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

Each blister pack of Triquilar ED contains 21 active tablets: 6 tablets are light brown, 5 tablets are white, & 10 tablets are ochre in colour; and 7 inactive tablets which are white and larger in size.

The light brown, small white and ochre coloured tablets contain active ingredients of varying strength. This feature allows Triquilar ED to mimic the body’s natural hormone levels more closely. Therefore, it is important that you take the tablets in the correct order by following the arrows on the packaging.

The larger white tablets do not contain any active ingredients and are called the inactive tablets.

If you do not understand the instructions on the pack, on the pharmacist label or in this leaflet, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.

How to take it

Take one tablet daily at about the same time every day. You must take Triquilar ED every day regardless of how often you have sex. This will also help you remember when to take it.

Swallow the tablet whole with water. It does not matter if you take it before or after food.

Each blister pack is marked with the day of the week. Take your first tablet from the red area on the blister pack corresponding to the day of the week.

Follow the direction of the arrows on the blister pack until all the tablets have been taken.

A period should begin 2 to 3 days after starting to take the large white inactive tablets (last row) and may not have finished before the next pack is started.

Always start a new blister pack in the red area on the same day of the week as your previous pack.

Do not leave a gap between packs. Take your first tablet from the red area of the next pack on the day after you have finished the current one, even if your period continues.

Taking Triquilar ED for the first time

If you are starting Triquilar ED after a natural cycle, and you have not used a hormonal contraceptive in the past month, start on the first day of your period, i. e. the first day of menstrual bleeding. You must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e. g. condoms or a cap or diaphragm with spermicide) for the first 14 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.

Your doctor will advise you when to start if you:

are taking Triquilar ED after having a baby

have had a miscarriage or an abortion.

Changing from another contraceptive

Changing from a combined oral contraceptive: Start taking Triquilar ED on the day after taking the last active tablet in your previous Pill pack. Bleeding may not occur until the end of the first pack of Triquilar ED.

If you are not sure which were the active/inactive tablets in your previous Pill pack, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Your previous Pill pack may have different colour tablets to those of Triquilar ED.

Changing from a vaginal ring: Start taking Triquilar ED on the day of removal of the ring but at the latest when the next application would have been due.

Changing from a progestogen-only pill (‘minipill’): Stop taking the minipill on any day and start taking Triquilar ED at the same time the next day.

You must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e. g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the first 14 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.

Changing from a progestogen-only injection, implant or intrauterine system (IUS): Start taking Triquilar ED when your next injection is due, or on the day that your implant or IUS is removed.

You must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e. g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the first 14 days of tablet taking when having intercourse.

Stopping Triquilar ED

You can stop taking Triquilar ED at any time. If you are considering becoming pregnant, it is recommended that you begin taking a vitamin supplement containing folic acid. It is best that you start taking folic acid tablets before you stop taking Triquilar ED and not stop until your doctor advises this. Seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about suitable supplements.  It is both safe and recommended that you take folic acid during pregnancy.

Additional contraceptive precautions

When additional contraceptive precautions are required you should either abstain from sex, or use a barrier method of contraception, a cap (or diaphragm) plus spermicide, or a condom. Rhythm methods are not advised as the Pill disrupts the cyclical changes associated with the natural menstrual cycle e. g. changes in temperature and cervical mucus.

If you forget to take Triquilar ED

If you miss a tablet and take the missed tablet within 12 hours of missing it, you should still be protected against pregnancy. If you are more than 12 hours late follow these detailed instructions:

For Triquilar ED to be most effective, light brown, small white or ochre active tablets need to be taken uninterrupted for 7 days.

If you have been taking active tablets for 7 uninterrupted days and miss an active tablet, take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, then go back to taking your Pill as you would normally, even if this means taking two tablets in one day, at the same time. You should still be protected against pregnancy.

The chance of pregnancy after missing an active tablet depends on when you missed the tablet. There is a higher risk of becoming pregnant if you miss an active tablet at the beginning or end of a pack.

If after taking your missed tablet you have less than 7 days of active tablets left in a row, you should finish the active tablets in your pack but skip the large white inactive tablets. Start taking the light brown active tablets in your next pack corresponding to the correct day of the week.

This is the best way to maintain contraceptive protection. However, you may not have a period until the end of the ochre active tablets of the second pack. You may have spotting or breakthrough bleeding on tablet-taking days.

If you have been taking the light brown, small white or ochre active tablets for less than 7 days and miss an active tablet, take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, then go back to taking your Pill as you would normally, even if this means taking two tablets in one day, at the same time. In addition, you must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e. g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the next 7 days.

If you have had sexual intercourse in the preceding 7 days, there is a possibility of pregnancy and you may need emergency contraception. You should discuss this with your doctor or pharmacist.

If you forget to take more than one light brown, small white or ochre active tablet, seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about what to do.

If you have had sexual intercourse in the week before missing your tablets, there is a possibility of becoming pregnant.

If you forget to take a large white inactive tablet, take it as soon as you remember and take the next tablet at the usual time. You should still be protected against pregnancy because the large white tablets do not contain any active ingredients.

Please refer to the table at the end of this leaflet for a “Summary of advice if you missed a light brown, small white or ochre active tablet more than 12 hours ago”.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

If you take too much (overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Australia: 13 11 26) for advice, or go to the Accident and Emergency Department at the nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much Triquilar ED. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.

WHILE YOU ARE TAKING TRIQUILAR ED

Things you must do

Tell any doctors, dentists and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.

If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine. It may interfere with the results of some tests.

Have regular check-ups with your doctor. When you are taking the Pill, your doctor will tell you to return for regular check-ups, including getting a Pap smear test. Your doctor will advise how often you need a Pap smear test. A Pap smear test can detect abnormal cells lining the cervix. Sometimes abnormal cells can progress to cancer.

If you are about to start on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Triquilar ED.

Stop taking Triquilar ED and see your doctor immediately if you notice possible signs of thrombosis. These include:

an unusual cough

severe pain or heaviness in the chest

breathlessness

any unusual, severe, or prolonged headache or migraine attack

partial or complete loss of vision, or double vision

slurring or speech disability

sudden changes to your hearing, sense of smell, or taste

dizziness or fainting

weakness or numbness in any part of your body

severe pain in your abdomen

severe pain, swelling or discolouration in either of your legs.

If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist beforehand that you are taking Triquilar ED. The risk of having DVT is temporarily increased as a result of an operation or immobilisation (for example, when you have your leg(s) in plaster / splints). In women who take the Pill, the risk may be higher.

Your doctor may tell you to stop taking the Pill several weeks before surgery, or at the time of immobilisation, and when you can start taking the Pill again. If you notice possible signs of a thrombosis, stop taking the Pill and consult your doctor immediately.

Consult your doctor if you develop high blood pressure while taking Triquilar ED - you may be told to stop taking it.

If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.

If you vomit within 3 to 4 hours, or have severe diarrhoea after taking a light brown, small white or ochre active tablet, the active ingredients may not have been completely absorbed. This is like missing a tablet. Follow the advice for missed tablets.

If you have unexpected bleeding and it continues, becomes heavy, or occurs again, tell your doctor. When taking this Pill for the first few months, you can have irregular vaginal bleeding (spotting or breakthrough bleeding) between your periods. You may need to use sanitary protection, but continue to take your tablets as normal. Irregular vaginal bleeding usually stops once your body has adjusted to the Pill, usually after about 3 months.

If you have missed a period, but you have taken all your tablets, it is unlikely that you are pregnant, as long as:

you have taken the light brown, small white and ochre active tablets at the right time

you have not been taking a medicine(s) that may interfere with your Pill

you have not vomited or had severe diarrhoea during this cycle.

If this is so, continue to take Triquilar ED as usual. If you have any concerns consult your doctor or pharmacist.

If you miss your period twice in a row, you may be pregnant, even if you have taken the Pill correctly. Stop taking Triquilar ED and seek advice from your doctor. You must use a non-hormonal method of contraception, (such as condoms or a diaphragm) until your doctor rules out pregnancy.

Triquilar ED will not protect you from HIV-AIDS or any other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B, human papillomavirus and syphilis.

To protect yourself from STIs, you will need to use additional barrier contraceptives (e. g. condoms).

Things you must not do

Do not take Triquilar ED to treat any other conditions, unless your doctor tells you to.

Do not give your medicine to anyone else.

Do not stop taking your medicine or change the dosage without checking with your doctor. You may become pregnant if you are not using any other contraceptive and you stop taking Triquilar ED, or do not take a tablet every day.

SIDE EFFECTS

Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Triquilar ED.

This Pill helps most women, but it may have unwanted side effects in some women.

All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical attention if you get some of the side effects.

Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

The following list includes the more common side effects of your Pill. These are usually mild and lessen with time.

If you notice any of the following side effects and they worry you, tell your doctor or pharmacist:

nausea

stomach pain

changes in weight

headache, including migraines

mood changes, including depression

breast tenderness or pain.

The following list includes very serious but rare side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

If you experience any of the following, tell your doctor immediately, or go to the Accident and Emergency Department at your nearest hospital:

pain in the chest, arm or below the breastbone

discomfort radiating to the back

breathlessness and/or difficulty breathing

swelling, pain or tenderness of one leg

sudden weakness, numbness or bad ‘pins and needles’ of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body

sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination

severe, sudden stomach pains

a fainting attack or you collapse

unusual headaches or migraines that are worse than usual

sudden problems with speech, understanding or eyesight

The side effects listed above are possible signs of a blood clot (thrombosis).

jaundice (yellowing skin or yellowing eyes)

you cough up blood

breast lumps

unexplained vaginal bleeding.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell. Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.

Thrombosis and the Pill

Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot that may block a blood vessel.

Thrombosis sometimes occurs in the deep veins of the legs (DVT). If a blood clot breaks away from the veins where it has formed, it may reach and block the arteries of the lungs, causing pulmonary embolism (PE).

Blood clots can also occur in the blood vessels of the heart (causing a heart attack) or the brain (causing a stroke).

Blood clots are a rare occurrence and can develop whether or not you are taking the Pill. They can also happen during pregnancy. The risk of having blood clots is higher in Pill users than in nonusers, but not as high as during pregnancy.

The risk of a blood clot is highest during the first year of taking the Pill for the first time, or after having a break from the Pill for 4 weeks or more.

If you notice possible signs of a blood clot, stop taking Triquilar ED and consult your doctor immediately.

If you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots while on Triquilar ED, speak to your doctor.

Cancer and the Pill

Breast cancer has been diagnosed slightly more often in women who take the Pill than in women of the same age who do not take the Pill.

This slight increase in the numbers of breast cancer diagnoses gradually disappears during the course of the 10 years after women stop taking the Pill.

It is not known whether the difference is caused by the Pill. It may be that these women were examined more often, so that the breast cancer was noticed earlier.

It is important that you check your breasts regularly and contact your doctor if you feel any lump. In rare cases benign liver tumours and even more rarely, malignant liver tumours have been reported in users of the Pill. These tumours may lead to internal bleeding.

Contact your doctor immediately if you have severe pain in your abdomen. Cervical cancer has been reported to occur more often in women who have been taking the Pill for a long time. This finding may not be caused by the Pill but may be related to sexual behaviour and other factors.

AFTER TAKING TRIQUILAR ED

Storage

Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them. If you take the tablets out of the pack they may not keep well.

Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 30°C.

Do not store your tablets or any other medicine in the bathroom, near a sink, or on a window-sill. Do not leave medication in the car. Heat and damp can destroy some medicines.

Keep Triquilar ED where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Disposal

If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.

Return any unused medicine to your pharmacist.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

What Triquilar ED looks like

Triquilar ED comes in a box containing 1, 2, 3 or 4 blister packs. Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Each blister pack of Triquilar ED contains:

6 round light brown coated active tablets

5 small round white coated active tablets

10 round ochre coated active tablets

7 large round white inactive tablets.

Ingredients

Each Triquilar ED light brown active tablet contains:

30 micrograms of ethinyloestradiol

50 micrograms of levonorgestrel

calcium carbonate

glycerol

iron oxide red

iron oxide yellow

lactose

macrogol 6000

magnesium stearate

glycol montanate

povidone

maize starch

sucrose

purified talc

titanium dioxide

Each Triquilar ED small white active tablet contains:

40 micrograms of ethinyloestradiol

75 micrograms of levonorgestrel

calcium carbonate

lactose

macrogol 6000

magnesium stearate

glycol montanate

povidone

maize starch

sucrose

purified talc

Each Triquilar ED ochre active tablet contains:

30 micrograms of ethinyloestradiol

125 micrograms of levonorgestrel

calcium carbonate

glycerol

iron oxide yellow

lactose

macrogol 6000

magnesium stearate

glycol montanate

povidone

maize starch

sucrose

purified talc

titanium dioxide

Each Triquilar ED large white inactive tablet contains:

calcium carbonate

lactose

macrogol 6000

magnesium stearate

glycol montanate

povidone

maize starch

sucrose

purified talc

Tablets do not contain gluten. Tablets also do not contain tartrazine, or any other azo dyes.

Supplier

Made in Germany for: Bayer Australia Ltd ABN 22 000 138 714 875 Pacific Highway Pymble NSW 2073

Australian Registration Number

Triquilar ED - AUST R 10722

Date of Preparation

See TGA website (www. ebs. tga. gov. au) for latest Australian Consumer Medicine Information.

Missed a pill? See the end of this leaflet

® Registered Trademark of the Bayer Group, Germany

© Bayer Australia Ltd

All rights reserved.

Summary of advice if you missed a light brown, small white or ochre active tablet more than 12 hours ago

Before missing your tablet, did you take light brown, small white or ochre active tablets for the previous 7 days?

Did you have sex in the 7 days before missing the tablet?

Take the tablet you missed AND use extra barrier precaution for 7 days. If there are fewer than 7 ochre active tablets left in the pack, finish the ochre active tablets and go straight to the light brown active tablets of the next pack. This means you skip the large white inactive tablets.

See your Doctor or Pharmacist for advice.

Comprar Barato Online Imotoran, Imotoran

Comprar Imotoran

(vaotec) wird vermutet, dass die Patientin mit diesem Eingriff einen selbstzerstorerischen Vorgang auslost, cefurex psychische Schwierigkeiten erwarten lasst, imotoran (vasotec) 10/5 mg venta en mexico sich nach der endgultigen Kontrazeption ergeben. Kommentar: Die beteiligten Arzte(innen) entscheiden sich mehrheitlich fur die Ablehnung der Sterilisation und raten zunachst zu duplat psychosomatischen Gesprachen, speziell zur Aufarbeitung der bestehenden depressiven Symptome.

Es wird au?erdem der Patientin empfohlen, vor einer eventuellen Medixin die passageren Kontrazeptiva anzuwenden, z.

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Riduvir, Riduvir

Riduvir

Important Notice: The Drugs. com international database is in BETA release. This means it is still under development and may contain inaccuracies. It is not intended as a substitute for the expertise and judgement of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that the use of any medication in any country is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any medication.

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Buy Cheap Gastrointestinal - Constilax (Brand Name Noroxin) (Norfloxacin) Buy Gastrointestinal - Con

Product Description Common use Noroxin is quinolone antibiotic used for treatment of urinary tract such as pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis), genitals (prostatitis, cervicitis, endometritis), gastrointestinal tract (salmonellosis, shigellosis), uncomplicated gonorrhea. Mechanism of its action consists in inhibition of DNA gyrase leading to destabilization of the bacterial DNA and death of the susceptible bacteria. Noroxin is active against Staphylococcus spp. (including Staphylococcus aureus), Neisseria spp. E. coli, Citrobacter spp. Klebsiella spp. Proteus spp. Salmonella spp. Enterobacter spp. Hafnia, Shigella spp. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Vibrio cholerae, Haemophilus influenzae, Chlamydia spp. Mycoplasma spp. and some others. Medication is active for 12 hours.

Dosage and directions To treat infections of urinary tract, take 400 mg of Noroxin two times a day during 7-10 days, to treat non-complicated cystitis treatment continues 3-7 days, and in patients with recurrent chronic infection of urinary tract it is up to 12 weeks. For prostatitis the recommended daily dose is 800 mg, divided into 2 doses, for four weeks. Usual single recommended dose to treat gonorrhea is 800 milligrams for 1 day. The maximal daily dose is 800 milligrams. Take with a full glass of water two hours after a meal or one hour before it. Drink plenty of water while taking Noroxin to avoid formation of needle-shaped crystals in your urine. The elderly and people with kidney problems may need to use a reduced dosage or have their kidney function monitored. Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not start or stop treatment without your doctor's permission.

Precautions In elderly and patients with kidney impairment, kidney function monitoring is required on a regular basis. This medication may cause photosensibilization, avoid direct sun rays during treatment. Limit consummation of alcoholic beverages as they may worsen such side effects as dizziness, drowsiness and others which may affect your ability to operate machinery and driving.

Contraindications This medication cannot be administered in patients with hypersensitivity to Noroxin, pregnant and breastfeeding women, children under 18 y. o. individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Caution is required when Noroxin is administered in individuals with cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebrovascular dysfunctions, epilepsy, epileptic syndrome, Myasthenia gravis, kidney or liver failure.

Possible side effect The most common side effects include: weakness, headache, drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, stomach upset. Rare but serious side effects are: tremor and sun sensitivity, seizures, mental/mood changes, sore throat/fever, vision changes, hearing loss, change in amount or appearance of urine, jaundice, fainting, changes in heartbeat, easy bruising or bleeding, numbness or tingling of extremities. Tendon damage and weakening of muscles is rare but possible. Stop exercising and claim prompt medical attention if you experience pain in your joint or tendon. In case of pseudomembranous colitis (persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool) which may develop even a few weeks after the treatment was discontinued, do not use anti-diarrhea products or narcotic pain medications. Tell your doctor immediately about your condition. Prolonged or repeated used of Noroxin may cause oral thrush or a new vaginal yeast infection with such symptoms as: white patches in the mouth, a change in vaginal discharge. Inform your doctor immediately if you experience allergic reaction (severe dizziness, rash, itching, swelling, trouble breathing).

Drug interaction Theophylline dose should be decreased while on Noroxin. Noroxin increases the blood concentration of indirect anticoagulants, cyclosporine, decreases effects of nitrofurans. Antacids which contain ions of Al and Mg, medications which contain Fe, Zn2+, sucralfate should be taken at least with four hour interval with Noroxin. Concomitant intake with the medicines decreasing epileptic threshold may lead to epileptic attacks. Dangerous sudden drop in blood pressure or changes in heart rhythm are possible when Noroxin is concomitantly used with the drugs for blood pressure or affecting the heart rhythm. Inform your doctor about all prescribed and over-the-counter medications and herbal products you are taking.

Missed dose If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is almost time of your next dose. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and return dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up the missed dose.

Overdose Symptoms of overdose include: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, "cold" sweating, puffy face without major changes in hemodynamic indices.

Storage Store at room temperature in a tight container, away from moisture and humidity.

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Paxam (Clonazepam) Drug, Paxan

Paxam

NOTICE: This Consumer Medicine Information (CMI) is intended for persons living in Australia. This page contains answers to some common questions about Paxam. It does not contain all the information that is known about Paxam. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risk of you using this medicine against the benefits he/she expects it will have for you. If you have any concerns about using this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Bookmark or print this page, you may need to read it again.

What Paxam is used for

Paxam is used to treat epilepsy in adults and in children aged 2 years and over.

Paxam contains the active ingredient clonazepam, which belongs to a group of medicines called benzodiazepines. These medicines are thought to work by their action on brain chemicals.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why Paxam has been prescribed for you.

Your doctor may have prescribed Paxam for another reason.

The use of benzodiazepines may lead to dependence on the medicine. If you have any concerns, you should discuss this with your doctor.

Paxam is available only with a doctor's prescription.

Before you take Paxam

When you must not take it

Do not take Paxam if you are allergic to:

medicines containing clonazepam or other benzodiazepines

any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include skin rash, itching or hives; swelling of the face, lips or tongue, which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing; wheezing or shortness of breath.

Do not take Paxam if you have:

severe and chronic lung disease

severe liver disease

an addiction to drugs or alcohol.

Do not take this medicine if you have galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption.

People with these rare hereditary problems should not take Paxam as it contains lactose.

Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.

If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any other medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

It is not known whether Paxam is safe to use during pregnancy. However, there have been reports of unwanted effects occurring in the newborn with the use of medicines of this class when used during pregnancy. Therefore, if there is a need to take Paxam during pregnancy, your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits with you.

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

Paxam is not recommended for use during breastfeeding as it passes into the breast milk, and may cause drowsiness and feeding difficulties in the infant.

Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:

high or low blood pressure

sleep apnoea, a condition where you stop breathing during sleep

glaucoma, a condition characterised by an increased pressure in the eye

myasthenia gravis, a condition characterised by severe muscle weakness

depression, psychosis, schizophrenia

spinal or cerebellar ataxia, condition of clumsiness or in co-ordination of the muscles

history of addiction or drug dependence

porphyria, a rare hereditary disorder which affects blood pigment

Your doctor may want to take special care if you have any of these conditions.

Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol.

Alcohol may change the effects of Paxam and may even cause you to have epileptic fits.

Tell your doctor if you plan to have surgery, including dental surgery.

If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell them before you start taking Paxam.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines that you buy without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines may be affected by Paxam or may affect how well Paxam works. These include:

other medicines for epilepsy, such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, sodium valproate

sleeping tablets, sedatives, muscle relaxants

medicines for depression such as tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors

medicines for mental illness

antihistamines, medicines for allergies or colds

cimetidine, a medicine used to treat reflux and stomach ulcers

disulfiram, a medicine used to deter alcohol consumption

lithium, a medicine used to treat mood swings and some types of depression.

Your doctor can tell you what to do if you are taking any of these medicines.

If you are not sure whether you are taking any of these medicines, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking Paxam.

How to take Paxam

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor and pharmacist carefully.

They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

If you do not understand the instructions on the bottle, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

How much to take

The dose varies from person to person.

Take Paxam exactly as directed by your doctor.

Your doctor will tell you how many tablets you need to take each day and when to take them. The dose may depend on your age, your condition and whether or not you are taking any other medicines.

Paxam is usually started using low doses. Your doctor may then gradually increase this dose to the lowest amount needed to control your condition depending on how well you respond and tolerate the medicine.

The usual adult maintenance dose is between 4 mg and 8 mg a day.

Children, the elderly and people with liver or kidney problems may need smaller doses.

How to take it

Swallow the tablets with a glass of water.

Paxam tablets can be broken in half or quarters if your doctor has prescribed half or quarter of a tablet.

When to take it

Paxam is usually taken twice a day (morning and evening). However, depending on your dose, your doctor may recommend you take it three or four times a day.

Paxam can be taken with or without food.

Take Paxam at about the same time each day.

This will have the best effect and also help you remember when to take it.

How long to take it

Keep taking Paxam for as long as your doctor recommends.

Paxam helps to control your condition but does not cure it, so it is important to take it every day.

If you forget to take it

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.

Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your tablets as you would normally.

Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed.

If you miss more than one dose, or are not sure what to do, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

If you take too much (overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much Paxam. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.

You may need urgent medical attention.

If you take too much Paxam, you may feel drowsy, tired, confused, dizzy, have difficulty breathing, feel weak or become unconscious.

While you are taking Paxam

Things you must do

Before starting any new medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist that you are taking Paxam.

Tell all the doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking Paxam.

If you become pregnant while taking Paxam, tell your doctor immediately.

If you plan to have surgery (that requires an anaesthetic), including dental surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking Paxam.

Tell your doctor if you feel that Paxam is not helping your condition.

If you continue to have seizures (fits) your doctor may need to adjust or review your treatment.

Tell your doctor if, for any reason, you have not taken Paxam exactly as prescribed.

Otherwise, your doctor may adjust your treatment unnecessarily.

Visit your doctor regularly so that they can check your progress.

Your doctor may ask you to have regular blood tests to check your blood count, kidney and liver function.

Things you must not do

Do not drink alcohol while you are taking Paxam.

Combining Paxam and alcohol can make you more sleepy or dizzy. Alcohol can also affect how well Paxam works and may even cause more seizures (fits).

Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how Paxam affects you.

Paxam may cause drowsiness, dizziness or affect alertness in some people. These effects may continue the following day.

Therefore, make sure you know how Paxam affects you before you drive a car, operate machinery or do anything else that could be dangerous.

Children should not ride a bike, climb trees or do anything else that could be dangerous if they are feeling drowsy or sleepy.

Paxam may cause drowsiness or dizziness in some people and affect alertness.

Do not take Paxam for a longer time than your doctor has prescribed.

Do not stop taking Paxam or change the dose without first checking with your doctor.

Stopping this medicine suddenly may make your epilepsy worse and cause some unwanted effects. Your doctor will tell you how to gradually reduce the amount of Paxam you are taking before stopping completely.

Do not let yourself run out of Paxam over the weekend or on holidays.

Do not use Paxam to treat any other conditions unless your doctor tells you to.

Do not give Paxam to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.

Things to be careful of

If Paxam is being given to a small child, you should be especially careful that they are breathing freely.

Paxam may increase the amount of saliva and fluid in the airways.

Be careful if you are elderly, unwell or taking other medicines.

Some people may experience side effects such as drowsiness, confusion, dizziness and unsteadiness, which may increase the risk of a fall.

Side effects

Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Paxam.

Paxam helps most people with their epilepsy, but it may have unwanted side effects in some people.

All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.

Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.

You may not experience any of them.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:

The above list includes the milder side effects of Paxam, some of which may disappear with continued treatment.

Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:

behaviour changes such as aggression, agitation, irritability, depression, restlessness, nervousness, hostility, anxiety, sudden feelings of rage

severe sleep disturbances, nightmares, vivid dreams

hallucinations or delusions

bleeding or bruising more easily than normal

signs of frequent infections such as fever, severe chills, sore throat, mouth ulcers.

The above list includes serious side effects which may require medical attention. Some of these side effects are rare.

Tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital if you notice any of the following:

swelling of the face, lips, mouth, throat or neck, which may cause difficulty swallowing or breathing

more fits than usual

difficulty breathing, shortness of breath

thoughts of self-harm.

The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

Tell your doctor if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.

After taking Paxam

Storage

Keep Paxam where children cannot reach it.

A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Keep your tablets in the bottle until it is time to take them.

If you take the tablets out of the bottle they will not keep well.

Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.

Do not store Paxam or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.

Do not leave Paxam in the car or on window sills.

Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Disposal

If your doctor tells you to stop taking Paxam, or your medicine has passed its expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any tablets that are left over.

Product description

What it looks like

Paxam is available in 2 tablet strengths:

Paxam 0.5 - round, peach coloured tablet marked "CN" over "0.5" on one side and cross scored on the other.

Paxam 2 - round, white tablet marked "CN" over "2" on one side and cross scored on the other.

Each bottle contains 100 tablets.

Ingredients

The active ingredient in Paxam is clonazepam.

Each Paxam 0.5 tablet contains 0.5 mg of clonazepam.

Each Paxam 2 tablet contains 2 mg of clonazepam.

The tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients:

Vasotec - Heart Disease, Enaprel

Vasotec is used for treating high blood pressure, heart failure, and other heart problems. It may be used alone or with other medicines. Vasotec is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It works by helping to relax blood vessels. This helps to lower blood pressure.

Use Vasotec as directed by your doctor.

Take Vasotec by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

If you miss a dose of Vasotec, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Vasotec.

Store Vasotec at room temperature below 86 degrees (30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Vasotec out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Enalapril maleate.

Do NOT use Vasotec if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Vasotec or similar medicines (eg, captopril, lisinopril)

you are pregnant

you are taking dextran sulfate or a potassium-sparing diuretic (eg, amiloride).

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Vasotec. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have or have ever had liver or kidney problems or kidney transplantation

if you are receiving dialysis

if you have bone marrow suppression, low blood counts, low blood sodium, high blood potassium, the blood disease porphyria, giant hives, lupus, scleroderma, or a collagen vascular disease

if you have narrowing or hardening of the arteries of the brain or heart, chest pain, or discomfort known as angina.

Some medicines may interact with Vasotec. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because excessive decreases in blood pressure may occur, which may cause dizziness, especially upon standing, or fainting

Dextran sulfate because it may increase the risk of allergic reaction (eg, rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue) and lightheadedness upon standing

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, aspirin, indomethacin) because they may decrease Vasotec's effectiveness and the risk of kidney damage may be increased

Oral diabetes medicine (eg, glyburide) because side effects, including a low blood sugar level (eg, dizziness, headache, hunger, shakiness or weakness, sweating), may be increased by Vasotec

Lithium or thiopurines (eg, azathioprine) because the risk of serious side effects may be increased by Vasotec

Certain gold-containing medicines (eg, sodium aurothiomalate) because flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure may occur

Potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, amiloride) or potassium supplements may cause high blood potassium levels (eg, abnormal skin sensations of the arms and legs, confusion, heaviness of the limbs, listlessness, slow or irregular heartbeat, stopping of the heart) when used with Vasotec.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Vasotec may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Vasotec may cause dizziness or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Vasotec with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.

If vomiting or diarrhea occurs, you will need to take care not to become dehydrated. Contact your doctor for instructions.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment. Be sure to take your medicine even if you may not feel "normal." Tell your doctor if you develop any new symptoms.

Vasotec may not work as well in black patients. They may also be at greater risk of side effects. Contact your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse.

Vasotec may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Vasotec. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Vasotec before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Vasotec. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Vasotec should not be used in newborns; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Vasotec may cause birth defects or fetal death if you take it while you are pregnant. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. Vasotec is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Vasotec, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; dizziness or lightheadedness when sitting up or standing; headache; nausea; persistent, dry cough; tiredness; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; hoarseness; infection (eg, fever, sore throat); irregular or slow heartbeat; unusual stomach pain; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Enalapril Maleate 20 Mg Tablets, Co-Renitec

ENALAPRIL MALEATE 20 MG TABLETS

Transcript

ENALAPRIL MALEATE 10 MG AND 20 MG TABLETS Enalapril maleate Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you. - Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again. - If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. - This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours. - If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4. What is in this leaflet 1. What Enalapril is and what it is used for 2. What you need to know before you take Enalapril 3. How to take Enalapril 4. Possible side effects 5. How to store Enalapril 6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Enalapril is and what it is used for The name of your medicine is Enalapril maleate tablets referred to as Enalapril in the leaflet Enalapril contains an active substance called enalapril maleate. This belongs to the group of medicines called ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors). Enalapril is used: • to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). • to treat heart failure (weakening of heart function). It can lower the need to go to hospital and can help some patients live longer. • to prevent the signs of heart failure. The signs include: shortness of breath, tiredness after light physical activity such as walking, or swelling of the ankles and feet. 10mm

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Enalapril works by widening your blood vessels. This lowers your blood pressure. The medicine usually starts to work within an hour, and the effect lasts for at least 24 hours. Some people will require several weeks of treatment until the best effect on your blood pressure is seen.

2. What you need to know before you take Enalapril Do not take Enalapril if: • you are allergic (hypersensitive) to enalapril maleate or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6). • you have ever had an allergic reaction to a type of medicine similar to Enalapril called an ACE inhibitor. • you have ever had swelling of your face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which caused difficulty in swallowing or breathing (angioedema) when the reason why was not known or it was inherited. • you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure lowering medicine containing aliskiren • you are more than 3 months pregnant (it is better to avoid Enalapril in early pregnancy-see pregnancy section). Do not take Enalapril if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Enalapril. Warnings and precautions Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Enalapril if: • you have a heart problem. • you have a condition involving the blood vessels in the brain. • you have a blood problem such as low or lack of white blood cells (neutropenia/agranulocytosis), low blood platelet count (thrombocytopenia) or a decreased number of red blood cells (anaemia). • you have a liver problem. • you have a kidney problem (including kidney transplantation). These may lead to higher levels of potassium in your blood which can be serious. Your doctor may need to adjust your dose of Enalapril or monitor your blood level of potassium. • you are having dialysis. • you have been very sick (excessive vomiting) or had bad diarrhoea recently.

• you are on a salt-restricted diet, are taking potassium supplements, potassium-sparing agents, or potassium containing salt substitutes. • you are over 70 years of age. • you have diabetes. You should monitor your blood for low blood glucose levels, especially during the first month of treatment. The level of potassium in your blood can also be higher. • you have ever had an allergic reaction with swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat with difficulty in swallowing or breathing. You should be aware that black patients are at increased risk of these types of reactions to ACE inhibitors. • you have low blood pressure (you may notice this as faintness or dizziness, especially when standing). • you have collagen vascular disease (e. g. lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis or scleroderma), are on therapy that suppresses your immune system, are taking the drugs allopurinol or procainamide, or any combinations of these. • you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Enalapril is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see Pregnancy section). • you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding (see Breastfeeding section). • you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure: - an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs) (also known as sartans - for example valsartan, telmisartan, irbesartan), in particular if you have diabetes-related kidney problems. - aliskiren. Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e. g. potassium) in your blood at regular intervals. See also information under the heading “Do not take Enalapril”) You should be aware that Enalapril lowers the blood pressure in black patients less effectively than in non-black patients. If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Enalapril. If you are about to have a procedure

If you are about to have any of the following, tell your doctor that you are taking Enalapril: • any surgery or receive anaesthetics (even at the dentist). • a treatment to remove cholesterol from your blood called ‘LDL apheresis’. • a desensitisation treatment, to lower the effect of an allergy to bee or wasp stings. If any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or dentist before the procedure Other medicines and Enalapril Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. In particular tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines: • other medicines to lower blood pressure, such as beta blockers or water tablets (diuretics), angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) or aliskiren (see also information under the headings “Do not take Enalapril” and “Warnings and precautions”).Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions. • medicines containing potassium (including dietary salt substitutes). • medicines for diabetes (including oral antidiabetic medicines and insulin). • lithium (a medicine used to treat a certain kind of depression). • medicines for depression called ‘tricyclic antidepressants’. • medicines for mental problems called ‘antipsychotics’. • certain cough and cold medicines and weight reducing medicines which contain something called a ‘sympathomimetic agent’. • certain pain or arthritis medicines including gold therapy. • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including COX-2 inhibitors (medicines that reduce inflammation, and can be used to help relieve pain) • aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). • medicines used to dissolve blood clots (thrombolytics). • alcohol. If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Enalapril.

Enalapril with food, drink and alcohol Enalapril can be taken with or without food. Most people take Enalapril with a drink of water. Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility Pregnancy You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking Enalapril before you become pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant and will advise you to take another medicine instead of Enalapril. Enalapril is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used after the third month of pregnancy. Breast feeding Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breastfeeding. Breast-feeding newborn babies (first few weeks after birth), and especially premature babies, is not recommended whilst taking Enalapril. In the case of an older baby your doctor should advice you on the benefits and risks of taking Enalapril while breast-feeding, compared to other treatments. Driving and using machines You may feel dizzy or sleepy while taking Enalapril. If this happens, do not drive or use any tools or machines. Enalapril tablets contain lactose. If you have been told by your doctor that you have intolerance to some sugars, talk to your doctor before taking this medicine.

3. How to take Enalapril Always take Enalapril exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. • It is very important to continue taking Enalapril for as long as your doctor prescribes it. • Do not take more tablets than prescribed. High Blood Pressure • The usual starting dose ranges from 5 to 20 mg taken once a day. • Some patients may need a lower starting dose. • The usual long term dose is 20 mg taken once a day.

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

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to a hospital straight away. Take the medicine pack with you. The following effects may happen: feeling of light-headed or dizziness. This is due to a sudden or excessive drop in blood pressure. If you forget to take Enalapril • If you forgot to take a tablet, skip the missed dose. • Take the next dose as usual. • Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. If you stop taking Enalapril Do not stop taking your medicine, unless your doctor has told you to. If you do your blood pressure may increase. If your blood pressure becomes too high it may affect your heart and kidneys. If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects Like all medicines Enalapril can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Stop taking Enalapril and talk to a doctor straight away, if you notice any of the following: • swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing. • swelling of your hands, feet or ankles. • if you develop a raised red skin rash (hives). You should be aware that black patients are at increased risk of these types of reactions. If any of the above happen, stop taking Enalapril and talk to a doctor straight away. When you start taking Enalapril you may feel faint or dizzy. If this happens, it will help to lie down. This is caused by your blood pressure lowering. It should improve as you continue to take the medicine. If you are worried, please talk to your doctor. Other possible side effects Very Common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people) • feeling dizzy, weak or sick. • blurred vision. • cough.

Common (may affect upto 1 in 10 people) • low blood pressure, changes in heart rhythm, fast heartbeat, angina or chest pain. • headache, fainting (syncope). • change in sense of taste, shortness of breath. • diarrhoea or abdominal pain, rash. • tiredness (fatigue), depression. • increased blood potassium level, increased levels of creatinine in your blood (both are usually detected by a test). Uncommon (may affect upto 1 in 100 people) • sudden fall in blood pressure. • fast or uneven heart beats (palpitations). • heart attack (possibly due to very low blood pressure in certain high-risk patients, including those with blood flow problems of the heart or brain). • anaemia (including aplastic and haemolytic). • stroke (possibly due to very low blood pressure in high-risk patients). • confusion, sleeplessness or sleepiness, nervousness. • feeling your skin prickling or being numb. • vertigo. • ringing in your ears (tinnitus). • runny nose, sore throat or hoarseness. • asthma. • slow movement of food through your intestine, inflammation of your pancreas. • being sick (vomiting), indigestion, constipation, anorexia. • irritated stomach (gastric irritations), dry mouth, ulcer, impaired kidney function, kidney failure. • increased perspiration. • itching or nettle rash. • loss of hair. • muscle cramps, flushing, generally feeling unwell (malaise), high temperature (fever), impotence. • high level of proteins in your urine (measured in a test). • low level of blood sugar or sodium, high level of blood urea (all measured in a blood test).

Rare (may affect upto 1 in 1,000 people) • ‘Raynaud’s phenomenon’ where your hands and feet may become very cold and white due to low blood flow. • changes in blood values such as a lower number of white and red blood cells, lower haemoglobin, lower number of blood platelets. • bone marrow depression. • autoimmune diseases. • strange dreams or sleep problems. • pulmonary infiltrates. • inflammation of your nose. • pneumonia. • inflammation of the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, throat. • lower amount of urine produced. • erythema multiforme. • ‘Stevens-Johnson syndrome’ a serious skin condition where you have reddening and scaling of your skin, blistering or raw sores, or detachment of the top layer of skin from bottom layers. • liver problems such as lower liver function, inflammation of your liver, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), higher levels of liver enzymes or bilirubin (measured in a blood test). • enlargement of the mammary glands in males. Very Rare (may affect upto 1 in 10,000 people) • swelling in your intestine (intestinal angioedema). Reporting of side effects If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www. mhra. gov. uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Enalapril • Keep this medicine out of sight and reach of children. • Do not use this medicine after the expiry date (Exp) which is stated on the carton or blister. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. • Do not store above 250C. Store in the original package. • Do not throw away any medicines via waste water or household

waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information What Enalapril maleate Tablets contain Each tablet contains 10 mg or 20 mg of Enalapril maleate as the active ingredient. The other ingredients are lactose monohydrate, maleic acid, hypromellose, croscarmellose sodium, sodium stearyl fumarate. What Enalapril maleate tablets look like and contents of the pack Enalapril maleate 10mg tablets are White to off-white, round, flat, bevelled edged, tablets with “BL” on one side and break line and 10 debossed on the other side. These tablets are available in blister packs containing 28, 49 x 1, 30, 50, 98 or 100 tablets. Enalapril maleate 20mg tablets are White to off-white, round, flat, bevelled edged, tablets with “BL” on one side and break line and 20 debossed on the other side. These tablets are available in blister packs containing 10, 14, 20, 28, 28 x 1, 30, 49 x 1, 50, 56, 60, 84, 90, 98, 100 or 500 tablets. Not all pack sizes may be marketed. Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer Name and Address: Bristol Laboratories Ltd, Unit 3, Canalside, Northbridge Road, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, HP4 1EG, UK Telephone: 0044 (0) 1442 200922 Fax: 0044 (0) 1442 873717 E-mail: info@bristol-labs. co. uk Enalapril maleate 10 mg Tablets; PL 17907/0267 Enalapril maleate 20 mg Tablets; PL 17907/0268 This leaflet was last revised in December 2014 To request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio than please contact the licence holder at the address (or telephone, fax, email) above. V4 13-12-14 D0

• The maximal long term dose is 40 mg taken once a day. Heart Failure • The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg taken once a day. • Your doctor will raise this amount step by step until the dose that is right for you has been achieved. • The usual long term dose is 20 mg each day, taken in one or two doses. • The maximal long term dose is 40 mg each day, divided in two doses. Patients with kidney problems Your dose of medicine will be changed depending on how well your kidneys are working: • moderate kidney problems - 5 mg to 10 mg each day. • severe kidney problems - 2.5 mg each day. • if you are having dialysis - 2.5 mg each day. On days you are not having dialysis, your dose may be changed depending on how low your blood pressure is. Elderly patients Your dose will be decided by your doctor, and will be based on how well your kidneys are working. Children Experience in the use of Enalapril in children with high blood pressure is limited. If the child can swallow tablets, the dose will be worked out using the child’s weight and blood pressure. The usual starting doses are: • between 20 kg and 50 kg – 2.5 mg each day. • more than 50 kg – 5 mg each day. The dose can be changed according to the needs of the child: • a maximum of 20 mg daily can be used in children who are between 20 kg and 50 kg. • a maximum of 40 mg daily can be used in children who are more than 50kg. Enalapril is not recommended in newborn babies (first few weeks after birth) and in children with kidney problems. Tablet can be divided into equal doses. If you take more Enalapril than you should If you take more Enalapril than you should, talk to your doctor or go

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Depo-Clinovir Generic Name Medroxyprogesterone Online, Clinovir

depo-clinovir General Information

depo-clinovir - Pharmacology:

Progestins diffuse freely into target cells in the female reproductive tract, mammary gland, hypothalamus, and the pituitary and bind to the progesterone receptor. Once bound to the receptor, progestins slow the frequency of release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus and blunt the pre-ovulatory LH surge.

depo-clinovir for patients

depo-subQ provera 104? medroxyprogesterone acetate injectable suspension 104 mg/0.65 mL

Use of depo-subQ provera 104 may cause you to lose calcium stored in your bones. The longer you use depo-subQ provera 104 the more calcium you are likely to lose. The calcium may not return completely once you stop using depo-subQ provera 104.

Loss of calcium may cause weak, porous bones (osteoporosis) that could increase the risk that your bones might break, especially after menopause. It is not known whether your risk of developing osteoporosis may be greater if you are a teenager when you start to use depo-subQ provera 104.

You should use depo-subQ provera 104 long-term (for example, more than 2 years) only if other methods of birth control are not right for you.

depo-subQ provera 104 does not protect you from HIV (AIDS) and other diseases spread through sex (STDs).

WHAT IS depo-subQ provera 104? depo-subQ provera 104 is a drug for birth control. It contains a hormone called medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). It is given as a shot (injection) every 3 months. Three months is the same as 12 to 14 weeks.

HOW WELL DOES depo-subQ provera 104 WORK?

When you use depo-subQ provera 104 correctly, the chance of getting pregnant is very low. In studies, no women became pregnant during the year they used depo-subQ provera 104 injection.

The list below estimates the chances of getting pregnant using different types of birth control. The numbers are based on typical use. Typical use includes people who use the method correctly and people who use the method incorrectly. The list shows the number of women out of 100 women who will likely get pregnant if they use the method for one year.

Typical chance of getting pregnant in 1 year (No. of pregnancies in 100 women)

HOW WILL I GET depo-subQ provera 104?

depo-subQ provera 104 is given as a shot just under the skin on your thigh or belly. You get it once every 3 months.

Your healthcare provider will want to be sure that you are not pregnant before you get your first shot. Normally, you get the shot by the 5 th day from the START of your menstrual period. You get it whether or not you are still bleeding.

If you are breast-feeding, you may have your first shot as early as 6 weeks after you deliver your baby.

After the first shot

It is very important to keep getting depo-subQ provera 104 every 3 months. If you wait more than 14 weeks between shots, you could become pregnant. Your healthcare provider must make sure you are not pregnant before you get your next shot.

When you get your shot, make an appointment for your next shot. Mark it on your calendar.

WHAT IF I MISS A SHOT?

· If you miss a shot, or wait longer than 14 weeks between shots, you could get pregnant. The longer you wait, the greater the risk of getting pregnant.

· Talk with your healthcare provider to find out when to restart depo-subQ provera 104. You should be tested to be sure you are not pregnant.

· Use another kind of nonhormonal birth control, such as condoms, until you start depo-subQ provera 104 again.

DO NOT TAKE depo-subQ provera 104 IF YOUO

· Are pregnant or might be pregnant

· Have any unexplained vaginal bleeding

· Ever had breast cancer

· Ever had serious blood clots, such as blood clots in your legs (deep venous thrombophlebitis), lungs (pulmonary embolism), heart (heart attack), or head (stroke)

· Have liver disease

· Are allergic to anything in depo-subQ provera 104. (There is a list of what is in depo-subQ provera 104 at the end of this leaflet.)

BEFORE TAKING depo-subQ provera 104

Your healthcare provider may do a physical examination and check your blood and urine.

Tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions.

Most important, tell your healthcare provider if you:

· Are pregnant or might be pregnant. You should not get depo-subQ provera 104 if you are pregnant.

· Plan to become pregnant in the next year. After you stop getting depo-subQ provera 104, it takes time for your body to be able to get pregnant. It can be as early as 1 week after the last shot wears off. Most likely it will take up to 1 year or longer for you to get pregnant.

· Have breast cancer in your family

· Have an abnormal mammogram (breast X-ray), lumps in your breast, or bleeding from your nipples

· Have irregular, light, or heavy menstrual periods

· Have or had any of the following medical problems:

- High blood pressure

- Diabetes, or if it runs in your family

- Heart attack, stroke, or developed blood clots

- Anorexia nervosa (an eating disorder)

- A strong family history of osteoporosis

- Drug use that can lower the amount of calcium in bones (drugs for epilepsy or steroids)

- Drinking a lot of alcohol or smoking a lot

It is important to see your healthcare provider regularly if you have any of these conditions.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW ABOUT TAKING depo-subQ provera 104?

Other Birth Control. If you canit take birth control pills or canit use a birth control patch or ring, you may be able to use depo-subQ provera 104. Ask your healthcare provider.

Pregnancy. When you take depo-subQ provera 104 every 3 months, your chance of getting pregnant is very low. You could miss a period or have a light period and not be pregnant. If you miss 1 or 2 periods and think you might be pregnant, see your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

You should not use depo-subQ provera 104 if you are pregnant. However, depo-subQ provera 104 taken by accident during pregnancy does not seem to cause birth defects.

Pregnancy in your tubes (Ectopic Pregnancy). If you have severe pain low in your belly, tell your healthcare provider right away. Infrequently, a baby may start to grow outside the uterus, most often in the tubes.

Nursing a baby. Wait at least 6 weeks after your baby is born to start depo-subQ provera 104. You can use depo-subQ provera 104 if you are nursing.

· It does not lower the amount of milk you can make.

· It can pass through breast milk into your baby, but it is not harmful.

Blood or urine tests. depo-subQ provera 104 may affect blood or urine test results. Tell your healthcare provider you are taking depo-subQ provera 104 if you are going to have blood or urine tests.

Other medicines. depo-subQ provera 104 may not work as well if you are also taking Cytadren (aminoglutethimide), a cancer medicine. You may need to use another kind of birth control.

WHAT ARE COMMON SIDE EFFECTS OF depo-subQ provera 104? The most common side effects are:

· Changes in your monthly periods. You may not know when you will bleed, your periods may not be regular, you may have heavy bleeding, or you may have spotting. You may have more days of bleeding during the first 2 or 3 months after you start depo-subQ provera 104. Over time, you may have less and less bleeding. Many women stop having periods by the end of one year. Your periods will come back eventually after you stop using depo-subQ provera 104.

· Weight gain. In studies, women gained an average of 3 to 4 pounds during the first year they used depo-subQ provera 104. After 2 years of using depo-subQ provera 104, women gained an average of 7 to 8 pounds. Some women gained more, some gained less, some lost, and some stayed the same. Weight changes beyond 2 years of use with depo-subQ provera 104 have not been studied. Women who used a similar birth control product for 5 years gained on average 5 pounds more than women who did not use a hormone contraceptive product.

· Skin reaction where you got the shot. Lumps, skin dimpling, or pain are usually mild and usually donit last long. Scarring is unusual, but may happen. If there is swelling or your skin gets hot, has pus or looks bruised one or more days after your shot, call your healthcare provider.

Other less common side effects include abdominal pain, acne, breast tenderness, depression, lack of energy, irritability, and decrease in sex drive.

If you feel you are having other side effects, talk with your healthcare provider.

WHAT ARE THE MOST SERIOUS RISKS OF depo-subQ provera 104?

· Losing calcium from your bones . depo-subQ provera 104 use may decrease the amount of calcium in your bones. The longer you use depo-subQ provera 104, the more calcium you are likely to lose. This increases the risk of your bones weakening if you use depo-subQ provera 104 continuously for a long time (for example, if you use depo-subQ provera 104 for more than two years). The loss of calcium may increase your risk of osteoporosis and broken bones, particularly after your menopause.

Calcium is generally added to the bones during teenage years. The decrease of calcium in your bones is of most concern if you are a teenager or have the following risk factors:

- Anorexia nervosa (an eating disorder)

- A strong family history of osteoporosis

- Drug use that can lower the amount of calcium in bones (drugs for epilepsy or steroids), or

- Drinking a lot of alcohol or smoking a lot

If you need a birth control method for more than two years, your healthcare provider may ask you to switch to another birth control method or ask you to have a test of your bones before continuing depo-subQ provera 104, especially if you have other risks for weak bones. When depo-subQ provera 104 is stopped, the calcium in your bones begins to come back. The lost calcium may not return completely once you stop using depo-subQ provera 104. Your healthcare provider may tell you to take calcium and Vitamin D as this may lessen the loss of calcium from your bones.

· Abnormal or very heavy bleeding. If you start having very heavy or very long periods, tell your healthcare provider .

· Liver problems. Your healthcare provider may stop depo-subQ provera 104 if you have liver problems. Some signs of liver problems are yellow skin or eyes, feeling like you have the flu, feeling more tired than usual, and itching. Tell your healthcare provider if you have these symptoms.

· Allergic reaction. Allergic reactions to depo-subQ provera 104 are not common. If you have hives, problems breathing, or just do not feel right after your shot, call your healthcare provider or go to the Emergency Room right away.

· Serious blood clots. Call your healthcare provider immediately if you:

- Have sharp chest pain, cough blood, or suddenly have trouble breathing

- Have a sudden severe headache with vomiting, blindness or trouble talking, weakness, or numbness in an arm or leg, or get dizzy or faint

- Have swelling or severe pain in your leg

DOES depo-subQ provera 104 CAUSE CANCER?

· Birth control like depo-subQ provera 104 was studied in women for many years. In general, the risk of breast cancer slightly increased or stayed about the same as in women not using birth control like depo-subQ provera 104.

· The risk of cancer of the ovary, liver, or cervix did not change.

· There is a decreased risk of cancer of the uterus (endometrial cancer).

WHAT IF I WANT TO BECOME PREGNANT?

Plan ahead. The effect of depo-subQ provera 104 can last for a long time after you stop getting shots. Although you may be able to get pregnant quickly, it is more likely to take a year or longer after your last shot before you get pregnant.

Itis best to see your healthcare provider for a pre-pregnancy check-up. Your healthcare provider may also tell you to take a vitamin called folic acid every day if you are planning to become pregnant.

ARE THERE OTHER BENEFITS OF TAKING depo-subQ provera 104?

Yes. depo-subQ provera 104 may reduce your risk for cancer of the uterus.

GENERAL ADVICE ABOUT depo-subQ provera 104

For more information about depo-subQ provera 104, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can also visit www. Depo-Provera. com or call 1-866-554 DEPO (3376). A nurse can answer questions in Spanish or English 24 hours-a-day, 7 days a week.

WHAT IS IN depo-subQ provera 104?

Active ingredient: medroxyprogesterone acetate

Inactive ingredients: methylparaben, propylparaben, sodium chloride, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, monobasic sodium phosphate?H 2 O, dibasic sodium phosphate?12H2O, methionine, povidone, water

for shot. When necessary, the pH is adjusted with sodium hydroxide or hydrochloric acid, or both.

Distributed by Pharmacia and Upjohn Co, Division of Pfizer Inc, NY, NY 10017

This description is suitable for active ingredient Medroxyprogesterone

depo-clinovir Interactions

No drug-drug interaction studies have been conducted with depo-subQ provera 104.

Aminoglutethimide administered concomitantly with depo-subQ provera 104 may significantly decrease the serum concentrations of MPA.

The pathologist should be advised of progestin therapy when relevant specimens are submitted. The physician should be informed that certain endocrine and liver function tests, and blood components may be affected by progestin therapy:

(a) Plasma and urinary steroid levels are decreased (e. g. progesterone, estradiol, pregnanediol, testosterone, cortisol).

(b) Plasma and urinary gonadotropin levels are decreased (e. g. LH, FSH).

(c) SHBG concentrations are decreased.

(d) T 3 - uptake values may decrease.

(e) There may be small changes in coagulation factors.

(f) Sulfobromophthalein and other liver function test values may be increased slightly.

(g) There may be small changes in lipid profiles.

depo-clinovir Contraindications

Known or suspected pregnancy.

Undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.

Known or suspected malignancy of breast.

Active thrombophlebitis, or current or past history of thromboembolic disorders, or cerebral vascular disease.

Significant liver disease.

Known hypersensitivity to medroxyprogesterone acetate or any of its other ingredients.

This description is suitable for active ingredient Medroxyprogesterone

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Five EMEP Centers and four Task Forces undertake efforts in support of the EMEP work plan. We refer to the respective websites for in-depth information:

Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections

Direct link to emission data

Chemical Coordinating Centre

Direct link to measurement data

Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - West

Direct link to model results (sulphur, nitrogen, ozone, and PM)

Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

Direct link to model results (heavy metals and POPs)

Centre for Integrated Assessment Modelling

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Bisomerck (Zebeta) Description

Bisomerck is a synthetic, beta1-selective (cardioselective) adrenoceptor blocking agent.

Bisomerck is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Factors which may be involved in the way of its operation include decreased cardiac output, inhibition of renin release by the kidneys, diminution of tonic sympathetic outflow from the vasomotor centers in the brain.

Bisomerck is also known as Bisoprolol fumarate, Monocor, Biselect.

Generic name of Bisomerck is Bisoprolol Fumarate.

Brand name of Bisomerck is Bisomerck.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Dosage

Bisomerck is available in:

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Usual dose of Bisomerck is 5 mg a day (sometimes 2,5 mg a day). If it doesn't work, you may increase the dose up to 20 mg a day.

Bisomerck is intended for elder use only.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Bisomerck suddenly.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Missing of dose

Do not take double dose. If you miss a dose you should take it as soon as you remember about your missing. If it is the time for the next dose you should continue your regular dosing schedule.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Overdose

If you overdose Bisomerck and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Bisomerck overdosage: bradycardia, hypotension, congestive heart failure, bronchospasm, hypoglycemia.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Storage

Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Side effects

Bisomerck has its side effects. The most common are:

Less common but more serious side effects during taking Bisomerck: allergy reactions (urticaria, breathing difficulties, rash, and eruption).

Side effects manifestations are not only depend on medicine you are taking but also depend on your health state and on the other factors.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Contra-indications

Do not take Bisomerck if you are allergic to Bisomerck components or similar medicines.

Be careful with Bisomerck if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Do not use Bisomerck with other beta-blocking agents.

Do not use Bisomerck patients with cardiogenic shock, overt cardiac failure, second or third degree AV block, and marked sinus bradycardia.

Be careful with Bisomerck if you use myocardial depressants, inhibitors of AV conduction.

Be careful with Bisomerck if you suffer from renal and hepatic impairment.

Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes.

If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Bisomerck suddenly.

Bisomerck (Zebeta) Frequently asked questions

Q: What is the target of Bisomerck?

A: Bisomerck is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).

Q: What is Bisomerck?

A: Bisomerck (bisoprolol fumarate) is a synthetic, beta1-selective (cardioselective) adrenoceptor blocking agent.

Q: How does Bisomerck available?

A: Bisomerck is available as 5 and 10 mg tablets for oral administration.

Q: What is the usual dose of Bisomerck?

A: Usual dose of Bisomerck is 5 mg a day (sometimes 2,5 mg a day). If it is doesn't work, you may increase the dose up to 20 mg a day.

Q: My daughter is 15 years old. Can she use Zebata tablets?

A: No. Bisomerck is intended for elder use only.

Q: Are there any contra-indications for Bisomerck usage?

A: Do not use Bisomerck patients with cardiogenic shock, overt cardiac failure, second or third degree AV block, and marked sinus bradycardia. Do not use Bisomerck with other beta-blocking agents.

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Rovere

Отель Rovere находится в городе Лозоне, в 5 минутах езды от Асконы и Локарно и в 1,5 км от озера Маджоре. К услугам гостей бесплатный Wi-Fi и сад с террасой. Во всех номерах отеля Rovere есть собственная ванная комната с душем, мини-бар, телевизор …

Отель Rovere находится в городе Лозоне, в 5 минутах езды от Асконы и Локарно и в 1,5 км от озера Маджоре. К услугам гостей бесплатный Wi-Fi и сад с террасой.

Во всех номерах отеля Rovere есть собственная ванная комната с душем, мини-бар, телевизор с кабельными каналами и электрический чайник. По запросу предоставляются номера, подходящие для гостей с ограниченными физическими возможностями.

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В отеле Rovere ежедневно накрывают завтрак «шведский стол».

Отель Rovere расположен в 1 км от ближайшего поля для гольфа. В непосредственной близости находятся теннисные корты, футбольные поля и площадки для мини-гольфа. В непосредственной близости начинаются несколько пешеходных и велосипедных маршрутов.

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Top Development with BrainTop

As parents, we do not like to miss any moment of our child’s growing up. In addition, we want only best for them, to be more and achieve more. BrainTop enables you to enjoy every second of your child’s improvement, while it plays and learns.

BrainTop, an educational game set . comes with 12 sets of cards, each containing 16 game cards with the answer on the back page, and the common board with 6 differently colored rounded knobs at the side. The knobs come in yellow, green, purple, red, blue and orange and each of them can be adjusted to these 6 colors. The 12 sets of cards are grouped according to the theme they share. The topics are: in the garden, a happy day, the zoo, let’s play games, Mr. Stupid, my pets, the funny party, foods, my baby, my sweet home, number games, on the streets.

How does the child use the BrainTop? Basically, the child is expected to solve the puzzle by giving an answer to the question. The child is offered six possible answers represented in 6 different colors, out of which it chooses one by turning the knob with the answer, i. e. color he or she thinks is right. After this, the child can check his or her answer by flipping the game card on its opposite side and see whether or not the colors match. The answer page also contains an additional simple puzzle for the child to solve and color.

Why choosing this game?

It comes with the European Standard (EN) Safety Certificate .

It stimulates and enhances hand-eye coordination, analytical, observation, fine motor and problem solving skills .

It is travel friendly – you can take a few cards and the common board to keep the child engaged and entertained while you are travelling or you are simply out of your home.

It engages the senses of sight and touch to assist the child in its critical period of early childhood development. The child relies on these and the other senses to construct the reality and build and understanding of the world around itself.

It helps the child enrich its knowledge and build up its skills in math, matching, counting, differentiation and identification and spotting differences .

It hastens up, enhances and maximizes the acquisition and development of the fundamental skills and knowledge the child relies on in order to excel its capability, reach its potential and make learning achievements.

Finally, it enables you enjoy those invaluable, once - in - a-lifetime moments with your child.

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Cong D?ng, Tac D?ng C?a Thu?c Irbehasan 150 #44977, Irbehasan

Cong d?ng, tac d?ng c?a thu?c Irbehasan 150

Th?n tr?ng luc dung.

Ti?t gi?m th? tich n?i m?ch: h? huy?t ap tri?u ch?ng, nh?t la sau khi u?ng li?u d?u tien, co th? x?y ra ? nh?ng b?nh nhan b? gi?m th? tich va/ho?c gi?m ion natri do dung li?u phap l?i ti?u m?nh, an kieng h?n ch? mu?i, tieu ch?y ho?c non m?a. Nh?ng tru?ng h?p nhu v?y c?n di?u ch?nh tru?c khi b?t d?u tr? li?u v?i Irbesartan. Tang huy?t ap do d?ng m?ch th?n: co nguy co gia tang t?t huy?t ap n?ng va suy th?n khi b?nh nhan b? h?p d?ng m?ch th?n hai ben ho?c h?p d?ng m?ch c?a m?t th?n ch?c nang du?c di?u tr? v?i cac thu?c co tac d?ng len h? th?ng renin-angiotensin-aldosterone. Suy th?n va ghep th?n: khi dung Irbesartan cho nh?ng b?nh nhan suy th?n, c?n giam sat d?nh k? n?ng d? kali, creatinin trong huy?t thanh. Chua co kinh nghi?m nao lien quan d?n vi?c dung Irbesartan cho nh?ng b?nh nhan m?i ghep th?n. Nh?ng b?nh nhan cao huy?t ap v?i dai thao du?ng lo?i 2 va b?nh th?n. Tang kali huy?t: nh?t la nh?ng ngu?i dang suy th?n, ti?u protein do b?nh th?n do ti?u du?ng va/ho?c suy tim. C?n theo doi d?y d? n?ng d? kali trong huy?t thanh ? nh?ng b?nh nhan co nguy co. Lithium: khong nen ph?i h?p lithium v?i Irbesartan. Ch?ng h?p van 2 la va h?p van d?ng m?ch ch?, b?nh co tim t?c ngh?n phi d?i: d?c bi?t th?n tr?ng d?i v?i nh?ng b?nh nhan b? ch?ng h?p van 2 la ho?c h?p van d?ng m?ch ch?, ho?c b? b?nh co tim phi d?i t?c ngh?n. Tang aldosteron nguyen phat: khong khuy?n cao dung Irbesartan. Tac d?ng c?a thu?c khi lai xe va v?n hanh may moc: Tac d?ng c?a irbesartan d?i v?i kh? nang lai xe va v?n hanh may moc da khong du?c kh?o sat, nhung d?a tren cac tinh ch?t du?c l?c h?c, irbesartan du?c xem nhu khong ?nh hu?ng d?n kh? nang nay. Khi lai xe ho?c v?n hanh may moc, c?n chu y la th?nh tho?ng chong m?t ho?c m?t l? co th? x?y ra trong th?i gian di?u tr? tang huy?t ap. LUC CO THAI VA LUC NUOI CON BU Luc co thai: ?? th?n tr?ng, t?t nh?t la khong nen dung irbesartan trong 3 thang d?u c?a thai k?. Nen chuy?n sang m?t di?u tr? thay th? thich h?p tru?c khi d? d?nh co thai. Trong 3 thang gi?a va 3 thang cu?i c?a thai k?, cac ch?t tac d?ng tr?c ti?p tren h? th?ng renin-angiotensin co th? la nguyen nhan gay suy th?n ? thai nhi ho?c tr? so sinh, gi?m s?n s? c?a thai nhi va ngay c? ch?t thai nhi, do do, ch?ng ch? d?nh dung irbesartan trong 3 thang gi?a va 3 thang cu?i c?a thai k?. N?u ch?n doan th?y co thai, nen ngung dung irbesartan cang s?m cang t?t, n?u so y da dung irbesartan trong th?i k? dai nen sieu am ki?m tra ch?c nang th?n va s? c?a thai nhi. Luc nuoi con bu: Ch?ng ch? d?nh dung Irbesartan trong th?i k? cho con bu. Chua ro irbesartan co bai ti?t qua s?a ngu?i m? hay khong. Thu?c du?c bai ti?t qua s?a chu?t c?ng dang cho con bu.

Tin d?c nhi?u

Phat hi?n m?i v? tac h?i "kh?ng khi?p" khi xem phim ngu?i l?n d?u d?n

M?i tu?n nen an bao nhieu qu? tr?ng d? khong b? "qua li?u"?

Khong hut thu?c la, b?n v?n co th? b? ung thu ph?i n?u "an sai cach"

Moi tham b?m sinh cung h?ng hao sau 1 dem thoa h?n h?p nay

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Tcl-R, Tcl-R

See also the article series here [1 ] and here [2 ].

R has bindings to Tcl. Tk. and Visual Tcl through the R packages 'tcltk' and 'vtcl'. The 'tcltk' package creates and uses tcl/tk interpreters from R. This tcl interpreter inside R has an additional command 'R some R commands' which can execute R commands, e. g, 'R a<-rnorm(100)'. The 'vtcl' package contains only one function 'visual. tcl()' which enables the user to run Visual Tcl from inside R. (See the original announcement here: [3 ])

Seductive screen-shots appear at http://www. bioconductor. org/Screenshots/index. html (link is 404 on 2012-06-10) . for example.

Brodgar has an R component.

[ Peter Dalgaard] says in comp. lang. tcl that http://CRAN. R-project. org/doc/Rnews/ should be used as a source for more recent information; particularly in vol 1/3 and 2/3.

He goes on to say: "What we currently have is a Tcl interpreter embedded in R and interface routines and (some) object reflection and communication mechanisms, which allow you to run Tcl stuff from within R. What we don't have is the reverse: Mechanisms that let you control R from Tcl. Well, we do have some rudiments of it, but not as elaborate as in the other direction. In principle R is embeddable; you can build R as a shared object and link it into another program, but you probably need to jump through a few hoops to get event loops and such stuff right. (I believe http://developer. r-project. org/embedded. html is the best documentation we have.)"

That was the situation in early 2003. A few hours before the year ended, though, Neil McKay announced availability of Rtcl.

samoc: To access R functions from Tcl I use this simple wrapper:

References, etc.

AM (14 november 2005) I saw this article this morning:

Title: The R commander: A basic-statistics graphical user interface to R

Source: JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL SOFTWARE, 14 (9): - SEP 2005

Abstract: Unlike S-PLUS, R does not incorporate a statistical graphical user interface (GUI), but it does include tools for building GUIs. Based on the tcltk package (which furnishes an interface to the Tcl/Tk GUI toolkit), the Rcmdr package provides a basic-statistics graphical user interface to R called the "R Commander." The design objectives of the R Commander were as follows: to support, through an easy-to-use, extensible, cross-platform GUI, the statistical functionality required for a basic-statistics course (though its current functionality has grown to include support for linear and generalized-linear models, and other more advanced features); to make it relatively difficult to do unreasonable things; and to render visible the relationship between choices made in the GUI and the R commands that they generate. The R Commander uses a simple and familiar menu/dialog-box interface. Top-level menus include File, Edit, Data, Statistics, Graphs, Models, Distributions, Tools, and Help, with the complete menu tree giv

GS (061016) Slides about a talk: The R-Tcl/Tk interface: Potential usage for graphical models . Peter Dalgaard. [4 ] (Link is 404 on 2012-06-10)

And an article by the same author: The R-Tcl/Tk interface . Peter Dalgaard. [5 ]

At the implementation level, R is a very interesting language with an approach which is very close to Tcl, yet implemented in a totally different way. In an expression such as "a = myfunc(1,b+2)" the arguments are passed in unevaluated form, sort of as a parse tree AFAIK. Inside myfunc, each argument is named, but the association is such that the first access to each argument will actually evaluate it (in the caller's context, of course). So in day-to-day use, the behavior of a function call in R is relatively normal.

The point is that it is possible to get at the incoming unevaluated form and that an argument can be force-evaluated more than once, with side effects and all. Therefore - like Tcl - R can use normal functions to implement control structures: "if(a<b, c=1,c=2)", since only the selected argument will be evaluated. Likewise for "while" and so on.

Like Tcl, R uses copy-on-write (COW ) semantics, reference counts, and data sharing.

There is a book which describes S (the non-OSS precursor of R) called " Programming with Data ", by John. M. Chambers. It lists S's delightfully concise goal: To turn ideas into software, quickly and faithfully .

[6 ] PBS Modelling provides software to facilitate the design, testing, and operation of computer models. It focuses particularly on tools that make it easy to construct and edit a customized graphical user interface (GUI). Although it depends heavily on the R interface to the Tcl/Tk package, a user does not need to know Tcl/Tk.

See also edit

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Buy Coxamer - Meloxicam - Online Without Prescriptions, Coxamer

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Active Ingredient: Meloxicam.

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Mobic is an NSAID. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has an NSAID (eg, ibuprofen) in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

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Caution is advised when using Mobic in children; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially diarrhea, fever, headache, stomach pain, and vomiting.

Mobic should be used with extreme caution in children younger 2 years; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been determined.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Mobic may cause harm to the fetus. Do not use it during the last 3 months of pregnancy. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Mobic while you are pregnant. It is not known if Mobic is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Mobic .

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; gas; headache; heartburn; nausea; stomach upset; trouble sleeping.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; trouble breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody or black, tarry stools; change in the amount of urine produced; chest pain; confusion; dark urine; depression; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; mental or mood changes; numbness of an arm or leg; one-sided weakness; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe headache or dizziness; severe or persistent stomach pain or nausea; severe vomiting; shortness of breath; sudden or unexplained weight gain; swelling of hands, legs, or feet; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual joint or muscle pain; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision or speech changes; vomit that looks like coffee grounds; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

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Burial - Definition Of Burial By The Free Dictionary, Busiral

burial

a love for funerals.

Burial

Davy Jones’s locker A watery grave; the bottom of the ocean, especially as the grave of those who die at sea. In nautical slang, Davy Jones is the spirit of the sea, the sailor’s devil. Of the many conjectures as to the derivation of this expression, the most plausible include theories such as: Jones is a corruption of Jonah; Davy is derived from duppy a ghost or spirit among West Indian Negroes; and locker is a seaman’s chest. While the phrase Davy Jones’s locker has been in use only since 1803, the term Davy Jones dates from 1751.

God’s acre A churchyard, a cemetery. Although Longfellow called this phrase “an ancient Saxon phrase,” others claim that it is a more modern borrowing from the German Gottesacker .

The Greeks call their Church-yards dormitories, sleeping-places. The Germans call them Godsacre. (John Trapp, Annotations upon the Old and New Testament . 1646)

According to OED citations, the phrase has been in print since the early 17th century.

hic jacet A tombstone or gravemarker; specifically, the inscription on such a tablet, from the Latin hic jacet ‘here lies,’ a common introduction to a gravestone epitaph.

Among the knightly brasses of the graves,

And by the cold Hic Jacets of the dead.

(Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Merlin and Vivien . 1859)

marble orchard A graveyard or necropolis; also, bone orchard . This American slang expression is clearly derived from the multitudinous stone tablets in cemeteries.

A couple more punches and it would have been the marble orchard for him. (B. Broadfoot, Ten Lost Years . 1973)

burial

bury

1. to place (a dead body) in a grave, the sea etc . begrawe ???????? погребвам enterrar pohrbit begraben begrave ???? enterrar matma ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? haudata enterrer ??????? ?????? pokopati (el)temet mengubur grafa seppellire ???? ??? (pa)laidoti apglabat; apbedit tanam begraven begrave. gravlegge pochowac ????? ??????? ????? enterrar a ingropa хоронить pochovat pokopati sahraniti begrava ????? gommek. defnetmek ??(??) ховати ??? ???? chon c?t ??(??)

2. to hide (under the ground etc ). My socks are buried somewhere in this drawer. verberg ?????? ?????? ???????? заравям esconder zahrabat verbergen gemme sig under ?????. ???? esconder matma, peitma ????? ???? piilottaa enfouir ??????? ?????? zamenuti elas menyembunyikan grafa, fela sotterrare ??? ??? (pa)slepti, uzkasti paslept; aprakt timbus verbergen gjemme under noe schowac. zakopac ?? ??? esconder a ascunde зарывать; прятать zahrabat zakopati sakriti grava ner ??? (???????) gizlemek. gommek ?? ховати ???? ???? ? ?? ???? gi?u di ??

(an instance of) burying (a dead body) in a grave etc . my grandfather's burial: ( also adjective ) a burial service. begrafnis ????? погребение enterro pohreb(ni) das Begrabnis begravelse ??????????? entierro matus ????? ??? ????? hautaus enterrement ??? ???, ?? ???? pokop temetes penguburan jar?arfor, greftrun sepoltura ?? ?? laidotuves beres; apbedisana; beru - pengebumian begrafenis. begrafenis - begravelse, gravlegging; gravferd pogrzeb ? ????? ????? enterro (de) in­mor­mantare похороны ; ритуальныи pohreb; pohrebny pogreb, pogreben sahrana begravning ????? gomme. defin ?? похорон; похоронний ?????? ?? ??? vi?c chon c?t ??

bury the hatchet

to stop quarrelling. Let's bury the hatchet and be friends. vrede maak ???????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????? заравям томахавката fazer as pazes zakopat valecnou sekeru das Kriegsbeil begraben begrave stridsoksen ????????????? enterrar el hacha de guerra sojakirvest maha matma ??? ???? haudata sotakirves enterrer la hache de guerre ?????????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? zakopati sjekiru elassa a csatabardot menghentikan pertengkaran semja um fri? seppellire l'ascia di guerra ????? ???? susitaikyti saligt mieru berhenti bergaduh de strijdbijl begraven begrave stridsoksen. slutte a krangle zawrzec pokoj ??? ??? fazer as pazes a ingropa secu­rea razboiului заключить мир zakopat vojnovu sekeru zakopati bojno sekiro zakopati ratnu sekiru grava ner stridsyxan ???????????? kavgaya son vermek ???? укласти мир ????? ? ????? ??? ???? lam lanh ????

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Then he seemed quite inspired, though the burial customs of the ancients, to which the conversation had strayed, might not be considered an exhilarating topic.

This, it appeared, was the Indian burial ground, and had been used for generations.

A fine, sleety snow was beginning to fall, and everyone was afraid of another storm and anxious to have the burial over with.

By no means," returned Heyward, anxious to recall his error, if he had made one; "the white man may, and does often, forget the burial place of his fathers; he sometimes ceases to remember those he should love, and has promised to cherish; but the affection of a parent for his child is never permitted to die.

This long connexion of a family with one spot, as its place of birth and burial. creates a kindred between the human being and the locality, quite independent of any charm in the scenery or moral circumstances that surround him.

I survived myself; my death and burial were locked up in my chest.

Yes, Captain Boomer, if you are quick enough about it, and have a mind to pawn one arm for the sake of the privilege of giving decent burial to the other, why in that case the arm is yours; only let the whale have another chance at you shortly, that's all.

Their home must be these people's grave, for they could not have Christian burial. or be admitted to consecrated ground.

They were only prevented from carrying it into execution by the determined opposition of the friends and descendants of the lost guides, who insisted on giving the remains Christian burial. and succeeded in their purpose.

I was not al - lowed to be present during her illness, at her death, or burial .

Every object she saw, the moment she crossed the threshold, appeared to delight her; and every circumstance that took place about her: except the preparing for the burial. and the presence of the mourners.

The whole residue of my estate, after payment of my burial expenses and my lawful debts, I give and bequeath to Rear-Admiral Arthur Everard Bartram, my Executor aforesaid; to be by him applied to such uses as he may think fit.

Buy Pain Relief - Nedolon (Brand Name Anacin) Online - Order Cheap Aspirin, Caffeine - Purchase Pain

Anacin is a pain reliever intended for the temporary relief of minor aches and pains. Anacin is a combination salicylate and stimulant. It works by blocking several different chemical processes within the body that cause pain, inflammation, and fever. It also reduces the tendency for blood to clot.

Availability: In Stock (17 packs)

Anacin is used for treating pain including, headache, muscle aches, sprains, tooth extraction and toothache, menstrual cramps, arthritis and rheumatism, and pain and fever of the common cold. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Use Anacin as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Anacin by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Taking it with food may not decrease the risk of stomach or bowel problems (eg, bleeding, ulcers) that may occur while taking Anacin.

Take Anacin with a full glass of water (8 oz/240 mL). Do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking Anacin.

Use Anacin exactly as directed on the package, unless instructed differently by your doctor. If you are taking Anacin without a prescription, follow any warnings and precautions on the label.

If you miss a dose of Anacin and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Anacin.

Store Anacin at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Anacin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Anacin may cause dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Anacin with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Avoid large amounts of food or drink that have caffeine (eg, coffee, tea, cocoa, cola, chocolate). This includes any medicines that contain caffeine.

Anacin has aspirin in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has aspirin in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

Talk to your doctor before you take Anacin or other pain relievers/fever reducers if you drink more than 3 drinks with alcohol per day. Serious stomach ulcers or bleeding can occur with the use of Anacin. Taking it in high doses or for a long time, smoking, or drinking alcohol increases the risk of these side effects. Taking Anacin with food will NOT reduce the risk of these effects. Contact your doctor or emergency room at once if you develop severe stomach or back pain; black, tarry stools; vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds; or unusual weight gain or swelling.

Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. Taking more than the recommended dose or taking Anacin regularly may be habit-forming.

Anacin may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. To prevent bleeding, avoid situations in which bruising or injury may occur. Report any unusual bleeding, bruising, blood in stools, or dark, tarry stools to your doctor.

Aspirin has been linked to a serious illness called Reye syndrome. Do not give Anacin to a child or teenager who has the flu, chickenpox, or a viral infection. Contact your doctor with any questions or concerns.

Diabetes patients - Anacin may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.

If Anacin has a strong vinegar-like smell upon opening, do not use. It means the medicine is breaking down. Throw the bottle away safely and out of the reach of children; contact your pharmacist and replace.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Anacin before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Do not take Anacin for at least 7 days after any surgery unless directed by your health care provider.

Do not take Anacin for more than 10 days for pain or for more than 3 days for fever unless directed to do so by your health care provider.

Different brands of Anacin may have different dosing instructions for CHILDREN. Follow the dosing instructions on the package labeling. If your doctor has given you instructions, follow those. If you are unsure of the dose to give a child, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

Do NOT use Anacin if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Anacin

you are a child or teenager with influenza (flu) or chickenpox

you have bleeding problems such as hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, or low blood platelets, or you have active severe bleeding

you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, dizziness) to aspirin, tartrazine, or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (eg, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib)

you are taking anticoagulants (eg, heparin, warfarin) or methotrexate

Before using Anacin:

Some medical conditions may interact with Anacin. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have alcoholism or if you consume 3 or more alcohol-containing drinks every day

if you have asthma, bleeding or clotting problems, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), kidney or liver problems, stomach or intestinal problems (eg, ulcer, inflammation), heart problems, heartburn, upset stomach, stomach pain, hives, influenza (flu) or chickenpox, or vitamin K deficiency

if you have anxiety, trouble sleeping, or heart problems

if you are a child with a stroke, a weakened blood vessel (cerebral aneurysm) or bleeding in the brain, rheumatic disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis), or Kawasaki syndrome (a rare inflammation causing heart problems in children)

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Anacin. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines.

PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Anacin while you are pregnant. Anacin is not recommended during the last 3 months (third trimester) of pregnancy because it may cause harm to the fetus. Anacin is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Anacin, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Anacin's side effects may include dizziness, heartburn, irritability, nausea, nervousness, rashes, hives, bloody stools, drowsiness, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and trouble sleeping.

Check with your doctor if any of the listed above most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur: severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); black or bloody stools; confusion; diarrhea; drowsiness; hearing loss; ringing in the ears; severe or persistent dizziness; severe or persistent stomach pain or heartburn; shakiness; trouble sleeping; vomiting.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

Dorcol Distilling Company, Dorocol

Distillery

Distillery

FROM THE DISTILLERS

Spirits

Spirits

Cocktails

Cocktails

The Team

The Team

Chris Mobley

DISTILLER & PROPRIETOR

Chris co-founded Dorcol with Boyan and is responsible for making sure both Nick and Boyan get out of bed in the morning. His other duties include janitorial and landscaping (which explains why the distillery often smells like Fabuloso and the plants are dead) and with keeping it together when the other two go Fifty Shades of Cray.

Valentino Lucio

BarKEEP

Vaaaaaal is still trying to figure out what to say about himself.

BOYAN KALUSEVIC

DISTILLER & PROPRIETOR

Boyan co-founded Dorcol with Chris, and has since been relegated to the role of a dishwasher. He has also taken on the role of being a regular pain in Nick and Chris’ ass. Finally, Boyan is the person Chris blames for all this; for everything.

randy ward

brewer

Events

Events

DORCOL is available for A variety of private events

Contact

Contact

Meclizine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings - Dosing, Meclozina

meclizine

Uses

Meclizine is an antihistamine that is used to prevent and treat nausea. vomiting. and dizziness caused by motion sickness. It may also be used to reduce dizziness and loss of balance (vertigo ) caused by inner ear problems.

How to use meclizine

Follow all directions on the product package. If your doctor has prescribed this medication. take it as directed. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth with or without food. The chewable tablets should be chewed thoroughly before being swallowed.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than directed.

To prevent motion sickness, take the first dose one hour before starting activity such as travel.

Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

Side Effects

Drowsiness, dry mouth. and tiredness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

To relieve dry mouth. suck (sugarless) hard candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva substitute.

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: mental/mood changes (such as restlessness, confusion), fast/irregular heartbeat. shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating.

Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: seizures .

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction. including: rash. itching /swelling (especially of the face/tongue /throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing .

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www. fda. gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before taking meclizine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma. emphysema ), high pressure in the eye (glaucoma ), heart problems, high blood pressure. seizures, stomach /intestine problems (such as ulcers, blockage), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for example, due to enlarged prostate ), liver problems, kidney problems.

This drug may make you drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Children may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug. This drug can often cause excitement in young children instead of drowsiness.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness.

During pregnancy. this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding .

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: antihistamines applied to the skin (such as diphenhydramine cream, ointment, spray).

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness including alcohol, other antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam. diazepam. zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough - and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.

This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including allergy skin test), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness, seizures, widened pupils. In children, mental/mood changes (such as restlessness, irritability, hallucinations ) may occur before drowsiness.

Notes

Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Information last revised October 2015. Copyright(c) 2015 First Databank, Inc.

Images

Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, expect as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.

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Levaquin (Levofloxacin) Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage & Uses, Elequine

Fluoroquinolones, including Levofloxacin, are associated with an increased risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture in all ages. This risk is further increased in older patients usually over 60 years of age, in patients taking corticosteroid drugs, and in patients with kidney, heart or lung trans plants [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS ].

Fluoroquinolones, including Levofloxacin, may exacerbate muscle weakness in persons with myasthenia gravis. Avoid Levofloxacin in patients with a known history of myasthenia gravis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS ].

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Levofloxacin is a synthetic broad-spectrum antibacterial agent for oral administration. Chemically, levofloxacin, a chiral fluorinated carboxyquinolone, is the pure (-)-(S)-enantiomer of the racemic drug substance ofloxacin. The chemical name is (-)-(S)-9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1- piperazinyl)-7-oxo-7H-pyrido[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid hemihydrate.

Figure 1: The Chemical Structure of Levofloxacin

The empirical formula is C 18 H 20 FN 3 O 4 • ½ H 2 O and the molecular weight is 370.38. Levofloxacin is a light yellowish-white to yellow-white crystal or crystalline powder. The molecule exists as a zwitterion at the pH conditions in the small intestine .

The data demonstrate that from pH 0.6 to 5.8, the solubility of levofloxacin is essentially constant (approximately 100 mg/mL). Levofloxacin is considered soluble to freely soluble in this pH range, as defined by USP nomenclature. Above pH 5.8, the solubility increases rapidly to its maximum at pH 6.7 (272 mg/mL) and is considered freely soluble in this range. Above pH 6.7, the solubility decreases and reaches a minimum value (about 50 mg/mL) at a pH of approximately 6.9.

Levofloxacin has the potential to form stable coordination compounds with many metal ions. This in vitro chelation potential has the following formation order: Al +3 > Cu +2 > Zn +2 > Mg +2 > Ca +2 .

Excipients And Description Of Dosage Forms

Levofloxacin Oral Solution

Levofloxacin Oral Solution, 25 mg/mL, is a multi-use self-preserving aqueous solution of levofloxacin with pH ranging from 5.0 to 6.0. The appearance of Levofloxacin Oral Solution may range from clear yellow to clear greenish-yellow. This does not adversely affect product potency.

Levofloxacin Oral Solution contains the following inactive ingredients: artificial and natural flavors, ascorbic acid. benzyl alcohol, caramel color, glycerin, hydrochloric acid, propylene glycol, purified water, sucralose and sucrose. It may also contain a solution of sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment.

What are the possible side effects of levofloxacin (Levaquin, Levaquin Leva-Pak)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction . hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using levofloxacin and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

chest pain and severe dizziness, fainting, fast or pounding heartbeats;

sudden pain, snapping or popping sound, bruising, swelling, tenderness, stiffness, or loss of movement in any of your joints;

diarrhea that is watery or bloody;

confusion, hallucinations, depression.

What are the precautions when taking levofloxacin (Levaquin)?

Before taking levofloxacin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other quinolone antibiotics (such as ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin, ofloxacin); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: diabetes, heart problems (such as chest pain, recent heart attack), joint/tendon problems (such as tendonitis, bursitis), kidney disease, myasthenia gravis, nerve problems (such as peripheral neuropathy), seizure disorder, conditions that increase your risk of seizures (such as brain/head injury, brain tumors, stroke, TIA-transient ischemic.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/31/2016 This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Paximol, Paximol

Paximol

Important Notice: The Drugs. com international database is in BETA release. This means it is still under development and may contain inaccuracies. It is not intended as a substitute for the expertise and judgement of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that the use of any medication in any country is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any medication.

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Instillagel, Instillagel

Instillagel

Formats:

Instillagel ® is available as sterile, pre-filled syringes containing 6 mL or 11 mL of gel. The syringes are made of polypropylene with a butyl rubber stopper piston, and are packed in boxes of 10 syringes.

Ingredients:

Medicinal Ingredients: Lidocaine Hydrochloride (as Lidocaine Hydrochloride Monohydrate) 2% w/w and Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.05% w/w; Non-medicinal Ingredients (alphabetically) : Hydroxyethylcellulose, Methylparaben, Propylene Glycol, Propylparaben, Purified Water, Sodium Hydroxide.

Indications:

Surface anaesthesia, lubrication and antisepsis for:

The male and female urethra during cystoscopy

Catheterization

Exploration by sound and other endourethral operations

Dosage and Directions for Use:

Refer to the Instillagel ® Prescribing Information and Patient Information Leaflet (available at www. instillagel. ca ) for complete dosing information and directions for use.

Adults: The usual dose for men is 11 mL and the usual dose for women is 6 mL. No more than 4 doses should be given during a 24-hour period.

Children: Your doctor will instruct you on the appropriate dose for your child, as this will depend on age and weight.

Contraindications:

Instillagel ® is contraindicated in patients with known or suspected hypersensitivity to local anaesthetics of the amide type, to chlorhexidine or to any ingredient in the formulation (e. g. methylparaben, propylparaben, etc. – see Ingredients section).

Warnings and Precautions:

Refer to the Instillagel ® Prescribing Information and Patient Information Leaflet (available at www. instillagel. ca ) for complete safety information.

Instillagel ® is for topical use only. Do not use parentally.

Immediate systemic hypersensitivity reactions, including hypotension, tachycardia, shortness of breath, skin erythema and anaphylaxis have been reported in individuals who received chlorhexidine gluconate preparations applied topically to the skin or given intraurethrally, intranasally, or on central venous catheters impregnated with the drug. If adverse reactions or hypersensitivity occur in patients using Instillagel, treatment should be discontinued immediately.

Avoid contact with eyes and damaged membranes.

Storage:

Store below 25?C.

Instillagel ® is a registered trademark of Farco-Pharma GmbH, Cologne, Germany, used under license by PENDOPHARM, Division of Pharmascience Inc.

These products may not be suitable for everyone. Read the labels and follow the directions of use. For additional information, contact us at 1-888-550-6060 or by email at medinfo@pendopharm. com .

Instillagel

Instillagel has been used with consistent success over the past 46 years and sets the standard for urethral lubrication. It contains the local anaesthetic lidocaine hydrochloride and the antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate giving Instillagel its unique triple action: lubrication, pain prevention and reduced risk of infection.

Applying Instillagel correctly (1ml per second) will result in a complete coating and unfolding of the urethra. When relaxed, the urethra has a star-shaped form, and requires unfolding to minimise trauma from invasive procedures.

Instillagel® comes in a modern sterile blister pack, offering the best possible protection against the introduction of bacteria. Instillagel® also has 2 Hydroxybenzoates in addition to Chlorhexidine, which has been clinically analysed to have extra efficacy against bacteria.1,2

Undergoing thorough clinical testing and performance monitoring, Instillagel was audited in 2006 and produced only 12 allergic reactions in 350 million units (that’s the equivalent of 1 reaction every 15 years). A randomised post-surgical audit in two UK hospitals produced a 50% reduction in infections when Instillagel® was used.3

Patients with a known tolerance for Chlorhexidine (the overwhelming majority) will benefit from the use of Instillagel®. This group has no serious allergy risk. With hundreds of products using Chlorhexidine on the market since the 1950’s, the reaction levels are well known and extremely rare. This product has an application technique and delivery system that minimises trauma to the anatomy and has safety benefits over existing products.

Additionally, Instillagel has been clinically evaluated against MRSA1, comes in aseptic packaging and requires no assembly and is available without prescription. Its polished, rounded tip minimises trauma to the orifice, it has an extremely low allergy history, and an a-traumatic application technique. There are also gender specific doses available (10ml and 5ml).

1. Efficacy of antiseptic catheter lubricants against methicillin-resistant stephylococcus aureus (MRSA). Der Urologe [A] 44 (2005) 282-285 Published online 1st March 2005. P. Faul.2. Local antiseptic therapy for non-gonococcal urethritis: phase II study with Instillagel. World J Urol 2002. 20: 45-47. Published online 23rd November. H. Sperling.3. Catheter-associated UTIs in patients after major gynaecological surgery. Professional nurse May 2004. Clare Kambal.

More information on Instillagel can be see at:

Tensile Test Experiment, Tensil

Tensile Test Experiment

One material property that is widely used and recognized is the strength of a material. But what does the word "strength" mean? "Strength" can have many meanings, so let us take a closer look at what is meant by the strength of a material. We will look at a very easy experiment that provides lots of information about the strength or the mechanical behavior of a material, called the tensile test.

The basic idea of a tensile test is to place a sample of a material between two fixtures called "grips" which clamp the material. The material has known dimensions, like length and cross-sectional area. We then begin to apply weight to the material gripped at one end while the other end is fixed. We keep increasing the weight (often called the load or force) while at the same time measuring the change in length of the sample.

Tensile Test

One can do a very simplified test at home.

If you have a way to hang one end of some material from a solid point that does not move, then you can hang weights on the other end.

Measure the change in length while adding weight until the part begins to stretch and finally breaks.

The result of this test is a graph of load (amount of weight) versus displacement (amount it stretched). Since the amount of weight needed to stretch the material depends on the size of the material (and of course the properties of the material), comparison between materials can be very challenging. The ability to make a proper comparison can be very important to someone designing for structural applications where the material must withstand certain forces.

Cross-Sectional Areas

We need a way of directly being able to compare different materials, making the “strength” we report independent of the size of the material. We can do that by simply dividing the load applied to the material (the weight or force) by the initial cross-sectional area. We also divide the amount it moves (displacement) by the initial length of the material. This creates what material scientists refer to as engineering stress (load divided by the initial cross-sectional area) and engineering strain (displacement divided by initial length). By looking at the engineering stress-strain response of a material we can compare the strength of different materials, independently of their sizes.

To use the stress-strain response for designing structures, we can divide the load we want by the engineering stress to determine the cross-sectional area needed to be able to hold that load. For example, a 1/8” diameter 4340 steel wire can hold a small car. Again, it is not always that simple. We need to understand the different meanings of “strength” or engineering stress.

Now it gets more complicated. Let us take a look at what is meant by the different strength values and also look at other important properties we can get from this simple test. The easiest way is to examine a graph of engineering stress versus engineering strain. Shown below is a graph of a tensile test for a common steel threaded rod, providing a good example of a general metal tensile test. The units of engineering stress are ksi, which stands for a thousand pounds per square inch. Note the reference to area in the units. The units on strain are of course unitless, since we are dividing distance by distance.

Graph Location 1: Elastic Region

Let us discuss some of the important areas of the graph. First, the point on the graph labeled number 1 indicates the end of the elastic region of the curve. Up to this point, the material stretches in an elastic or reversible manner.

All materials are made up of a collection of atoms. Elasticity can be best understood by imaging the atoms are connected by springs. As we pull on the material, the springs between the atoms get longer and the material lengthens. The elastic portion of the curve is a straight line. A straight line indicates that the material will go back to its original shape when the load is removed.

Graph Location 2: 0.2% Offset Yield Strength

The next portion of the curve of interest is point 2. At this point the curve has begun to bend over, or is no longer linear. This point is known as the 0.2% offset yield strength. It indicates the strength of the material just as it starts to permanently change shape. It is determined as the value of the stress at which a line of the same slope as the initial portion (elastic region) of the curve that is offset by a strain of 0.2% or a value of 0.002 strain intersects the curve.

In our example, the 0.2% offset yield strength is a 88 ksi.

This is a very important aspect of strength. It basically tells us the amount of stress we can apply before the material starts to permanently change shape, putting it on a path to eventual failure. Those who design parts that are used under stress must see that the stress or force on the part never exceeds this value.

Graph Location 3: Maximum Withstand-able Stress

As we move up from point 2 the load or "stress" on the material increases until we reach a maximum applied stress, while the material deforms or changes shape uniformly along the entire gauge length. When we reach point 3, we can determine the tensile strength or maximum stress (or load) the material can support. It is not a very useful property, since the material has permanently deformed at this point. After we reach this point, the stress begins to curve drastically downward. This corresponds to localized deformation, which is observed by a noticeable “necking” or reduction in the diameter and corresponding cross-section of the sample within a very small region. If we release the load in this area, the material will spring back a little but will still suffer a permanent shape change.

Graph Location 4: Failure or Fracture

Finally, as we follow the curve we eventually reach a point where the material breaks or fails. Of interest here is the final degree to which the material changes shape. This is the “ductility” of the material. It is determined by the intersection of line number 4, having the same slope as the linear portion of the curve, with the strain axis.

Our example shows a strain of 0.15. The 15% change in length is the amount of “ductility”.

When the sample fractures or breaks the load is released. Therefore, the atoms elastically stretched will return to their non-loaded positions. Other information about the mechanical response of a material can also be gathered from a fracture test.

Tensile Tests—Composites

If one pulls on a material until it breaks, one can find out lots of information about the various strengths and mechanical behaviors of a material. In this virtual experiment we will examine the tensile behavior of three different composite fiber materials. They have similar uses but very different properties.

Procedure

A material is gripped at both ends by an apparatus, which slowly pulls lengthwise on the piece until it fractures. The pulling force is called a load, which is plotted against the material length change, or displacement. The load is converted to a stress value and the displacement is converted to a strain value.

About the Materials

Testing materials are the composites fiberglass, Kevlar®, and carbon fiber. Composites are combinations of two or more individual materials with the goal of producing a material having unique properties not found in any single material.

All of these composites use epoxy as a matrix, which “glues” the fabric like arrangement of the fibers of the respective materials.

Epoxies are thermosetting network polymers, which are very hard and strong, but on the brittle side.

All fabrics are of the same “weight,” which is a measure of fabric size or weight of a square yard. An example of the fiber material made from fiberglass is shown above left. Kevlar is very similar except it has a yellow color. The carbon has a black color. The samples used in this case are flat bars cut out of larger material using a water jet saw. The three samples are shown below left.

Material Properties

Groupe Durasec - Home - Crack Repairs, Foundation Waterproofing, Installation And Maintenance Of Fre

Groupe Durasec

Groupe Durasec provides you with over 20 years of experience in the domains of foundation waterproofing and the complete installation of perimeter drainage systems. Our Reno-Maitre accreditation from APCHQ (Provincial Home Builders Association of Quebec) guarantees excellence in our projects and complete clientele satisfaction. We invite you to discover our range of products and services on our site and we encourage you to contact us to request a quote for your project. Our team of specialists is at your service to provide you with further information and guidance.

Waterproofing your walls and foundations is the best decision you can make to protect your house and your health. Our techniques and exclusive products such as Geo-Wrap and Rub-R-Wall membranes ensure that your basement stays safe and dry for the entire lifetime of your house.

Cracks in your foundation can occur for many reasons and repairing them can be a complex undertaking. We have received the Reno-Maitre accreditation from APCHQ and we specialize in waterproofing, allowing us to provide you with a professional diagnosis as well as the best solutions to counteract the problem.

Installation and Maintenance of French Drains

In addition to fully installing high-performance perimeter drainage systems, we perform high pressure cleanings of French drains. Our exclusive products, our work methods and our use of the latest materials make your French drainage system efficient, durable and easy to maintain while protecting your house against all infiltration problems.

Installing Captation Tanks and Sump Pumps

We install primary and secondary catchment basins as well as sump pumps made by the Myers Company. Our specialized knowledge concerning the complete configuration of perimeter drainage systems ensures that we will install a system that will guard your basement against all risks of flooding.

Installing Window Wells

If you have windows located below the basement level, they must always be protected against water and humidity. Installing wells around your windows protects you against all risks of infiltration and degradation from window sources.

The first source of contamination on residential properties and basements is due to leaks in heating oil tanks. Problems then arise due to the presence of pyrite in the backfill and concrete foundations. We provide you with our expertise and know-how regarding the decontamination of your residential property.

Many older homes do not have basements that have ceilings that allow the space to serve as a living area. We can complete basement lowerings which easily increase the size of your living space and the value of your home.

Camera Inspection of Drains

Camera inspection is the best way to check the proper functioning of your French drain. We provide high-definition camera inspection services that are completed by our team of experts in drainage systems.

Whether you are planning renovations, additions to your home or work that requires the use of mini-excavation equipment, our team is at your service to carry out the necessary technical operations. They will work with specialized materials in accordance with regulations and in total respect of your property. We also provide rentals of mini-excavators.

Basement slope and extension

Using NUDURA products, Groupe Durasec reconstructs basement slopes and builds home extensions that withstand the test of time and freezing temperatures.

Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol (Prednisolone Ophthalmic) Drug Side Effec

Brand Names: Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol

Generic Name: prednisolone ophthalmic (Pronunciation: pred NIS oh lone)

What is prednisolone ophthalmic (Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol)?

Prednisolone is a steroid medicine. It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.

Prednisolone ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat eye swelling caused by allergy, infection, injury, surgery, or other conditions.

Prednisolone ophthalmic may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Prednisolone Acetate 1% Ophth-FAL

Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate 1%-BAU

What are the possible side effects of prednisolone ophthalmic (Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

pain behind your eyes, sudden vision changes, severe headache ;

sudden eye irritation;

blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain. or seeing halos around lights; or

signs of new eye infection, such as swelling, draining, or crusting of your eyes.

Less serious side effects may include:

temporary cloudy vision;

increased sensitivity to light; or

mild stinging, burning, itching, or irritation in your eyes.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about prednisolone ophthalmic (Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to prednisolone or other steroids. or if you have certain types of infection (viral, fungal, or bacterial) that can affect your eyes.

Before using prednisolone ophthalmic, tell your doctor if you have glaucoma. herpes, or if you have recently had cataract surgery.

Do not use prednisolone ophthalmic while you are wearing contact lenses. This medication may contain a preservative that can be absorbed by soft contact lenses and cause discoloration. Wait at least 15 minutes after using prednisolone before putting your contact lenses in.

Shake the eye drops gently before each use.

Do not allow the dropper tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

If you still have pain or swelling after 2 days of treatment, stop using this medication and call your doctor. Do not stop using prednisolone ophthalmic suddenly after long-term use without first talking to your doctor. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.

Medical Dictionary

Brand Names: Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol

Generic Name: prednisolone ophthalmic (Pronunciation: pred NIS oh lone)

What is prednisolone ophthalmic (Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol)?

Prednisolone is a steroid medicine. It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.

Prednisolone ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat eye swelling caused by allergy, infection, injury, surgery, or other conditions.

Prednisolone ophthalmic may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Prednisolone Acetate 1% Ophth-FAL

Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate 1%-BAU

What are the possible side effects of prednisolone ophthalmic (Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

pain behind your eyes, sudden vision changes, severe headache ;

sudden eye irritation;

blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain. or seeing halos around lights; or

signs of new eye infection, such as swelling, draining, or crusting of your eyes.

Less serious side effects may include:

temporary cloudy vision;

increased sensitivity to light; or

mild stinging, burning, itching, or irritation in your eyes.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about prednisolone ophthalmic (Econopred Plus, Omnipred, Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Prednisol)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to prednisolone or other steroids. or if you have certain types of infection (viral, fungal, or bacterial) that can affect your eyes.

Before using prednisolone ophthalmic, tell your doctor if you have glaucoma. herpes, or if you have recently had cataract surgery.

Do not use prednisolone ophthalmic while you are wearing contact lenses. This medication may contain a preservative that can be absorbed by soft contact lenses and cause discoloration. Wait at least 15 minutes after using prednisolone before putting your contact lenses in.

Shake the eye drops gently before each use.

Do not allow the dropper tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

If you still have pain or swelling after 2 days of treatment, stop using this medication and call your doctor. Do not stop using prednisolone ophthalmic suddenly after long-term use without first talking to your doctor. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.

Medical Dictionary

Vascular Testing Accreditation, Ac Vascular

IAC Vascular Testing provides accreditation for facilities performing noninvasive vascular diagnostic testing.

About IAC Vascular Testing

The IAC incorporated all of its divisions into one IAC organization in 2008, but its history began more than 25 years ago with the inception of the first of the IAC accreditation divisions — IAC Vascular Testing. From this first accrediting body, the IAC has continued its path of developing standards and methods for the evaluation of the quality of care delivered. Holding true to its original mission, the IAC’s scope has expanded to provide similar peer review processes for multiple imaging modalities within the medical community. More about our history and mission »

The IAC provides facility accreditation specific to vascular testing in the following testing areas:

extracranial cerebrovascular

intracranial cerebrovascular

visceral vascular

peripheral arterial

peripheral venous

screening

News Updates

JULY 20165 | IAC Releases Updates to Vascular Testing Standards - Read more »

MAY 16, 2016 | IAC QI Self-Assessment Tool Now Available for Diagnostic Imaging Facilities - Read more »

FEBRUARY 29, 2016 | IAC Announces New Chief Executive Officer - Read more »

DECEMBER 2015 | 2016 IAC Exhibit Schedule Now Available - View the schedule »

Already have a user ID and password? Log in now:

First-time accreditation or reaccreditation applicants:

Caldoral Una, Caldoral

Caldoral'una (Cal Doraluna)

The life of Caldoral'una was rather uneventful when he was younger and living on Ryloth with his family, rich from their successes as the owners of a large chain of Twi'lek retail stores. Despite he had almost every conceivable luxury available to him, Cal found life to be dull and boring. He craved adventure and excitement, and he knew that he could not find it at home. Only by playing action games on his computer did he find any form of release for his desire.   At the age of 16, Cal left home to make his own way in the galaxy and found quick employment as a slicer for one of the lesser-known Hutts on Nar Shaddaa. Although he worked hard and was paid well for his services, the Hutt and his minions always found some way to treat him like a second-class citizen at best. With each passing day, he grew to despise his employer more and more, until he could not stand it any more.   Little by little, Cal began siphoning off fractions of credits from the Hutt's coffers into his own private account to build up the capital he needed to enact his revenge. While he did so, he cultivated relationships with a number of people working for the Hutt, gaining their confidence and loyalty. When the time was right, Cal led the revolt against the Hutt and eliminated the crime boss and any that remained loyal to him. Making sure to fire the killing shot himself, Cal set himself up to be the new leader of the gang with only his most trusted followers placed in key positions of the new organization. His first act was to move their base of operations from Nar Shaddaa to another world as quickly as possible to avoid any possible backlash from other Hutts.   Choosing Tatooine as their new home, Cal moved the gang to the desert world and built an opulent palace just outside Anchorhead. In a short time, he established operations that entrenched them within Tatooine society, offering many services expected from a crime lord and his minions.

Medium Twi'lek noble 4/scoundrel 6/Crime Lord 4 Force 13; Destiny 3; Dark Side 4 Init +8; Senses low-light vision; Perception +14 Languages Basic, Huttese, Rodian, Ryl, Sullustese Defenses Ref 28 (flat-footed 27), Fort 28, Will 31; Dodge, Mobility hp 98; Threshold 28 Speed 6 squares Melee knife +11 (1d4+7) Ranged blaster pistol +11 (3d6+7) or Ranged blaster pistol +6/+6 (3d6+7) with Double Attack Base Atk +10; Grp +10 Atk Options Double Attack, Point Blank Shot, Precise Shot Special Actions Fool's Luck, Gimmick, Presence Abilities Str 10, Dex 12, Con 12, Int 13, Wis 14, Cha 18 Talents Attract Minion, Connections, Fool's Luck, Gimmick, Inspire Fear I, Master   Slicer, Presence, Weaken Resolve, Wealth Feats Dodge, Double Attack, Improved Defenses, Linguist, Mobility, Point Blank Shot,   Precise Shot, Skill Focus (Deception, Use Computer), Toughness, Weapon Finesse,   Weapon Proficiency (pistols, simple weapons) Skills Deception +21, Gather Information +16, Knowledge (bureaucracy) +13,   Knowledge (galactic lore) +13, Perception +14, Persuasion +16, Use Computer +18 Possessions blaster pistol, knife, portable computer, power pack

Sirdalud - Drug Review Dosage, Side Effects, Action, Buy Sirdalud, Sirdalud

Sirdalud

Sirdalud review

Sirdalud is a brand name for the generic drug tizanidine hydrochloride. It is a short-acting medication that is used for the management of muscle spasticity, spasms, cramping, and tightness caused by certain medical conditions, including multiple sclerosis. cerebral palsy. back pain, injuries to the spine or central nervous system. Because it does have a short duration, it is recommended for those times and activities when the relief it offers is most necessary. A single dose reduces muscle tone, resulting in a relief of spasticity for several hours. It is offered in gelatin capsules or tablets in doses of 2 mg, 4 mg, or 6 mg.

The most common side effect of Sirdalud is dry mouth. followed by sleepiness, weakness, and dizziness. Most patients rated these side effects as mild to moderate. Other side effects include urinary tract infection, fatigue, infection, constipation. abnormal liver function, nausea and vomiting. difficulty speaking, blurred vision, frequent urination. flu-like symptoms, sore throat, low blood pressure, or runny nose. Other side effects can include malaise, abscess, neck pain, suicidal thoughts, migraine. irregular heartbeat. chest pain. heart failure, heart attack. pulmonary embolism. stomach pain, diarrhea. gastrointestinal hemorrhage, skin discoloration, anemia. intestinal obstruction, fecal impaction, sepsis. swelling. low blood pressure, weight loss. back pain, arthritis. depression. anxiety. tingling and numbness of the hands and feet, tremor, paralysis, euphoria, asthma. dry skin, acne. hair loss. herpes simplex. herpes zoster. or skin cancer. You may also experience ear pain, tinnitus. deafness, glaucoma. conjunctivitis. ear infection, or vision disorders. Many of these effects are very rare, and you should contact your doctor if you experience them.

Certain precautions should be taken when taking Sirdalud. You shouldn’t use it if you need good muscle tone for safety or movement. You should also be very careful if you decide to switch between using capsules or using tablets, which can increase the side effects, or in changing the way you take it with regard to eating, which can also increase your negative reactions to it. You should not take more than three doses in a day, as this might cause damage to your liver. You should avoid medications that make you sleepy, as well, including cold medicines, other muscle relaxants, pain medications, and medications for seizures, depression and anxiety, which can add to the sleepiness that may already be caused by Sirdalud.

Sirdalud is in Pregnancy Category C, which means that it is not known whether or not it will harm a pregnancy or a developing fetus. Animal tests have shown a slight increase in prenatal death at higher levels of dosage, but no tests have been done on pregnant women. As with all medications, extreme caution should be used in taking Sirdalud if you are pregnant. It is assumed that Sirdalud passes into breast milk, but no tests have been done. You should consult with your doctor if you are considering nursing a baby. It is also not known whether Sirdalud is safe or effective to use with children, so Sirdalud is not recommended for pediatric use.

Sirdalud has the following structural formula:

• Molecular formula of sirdalud is C9H8ClN5S • Chemical IUPAC Name is 4-chloro-N-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-8-thia-7, 9-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]nona-2,4,6,9-tetraen-5-amine • Molecular weight is 253.712 g/mol • Sirdalud available. 4mg tablets

Generic name: Tizanidine

Brand name(s): Pramiracetam, Ternelin, Tizanidina, Tizanidinum, Zanaflex

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