Vasdalat, Vasdalat

Vasdalat

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Metformin is used for treating type 2 diabetes. It is used along with diet and exercise. It may be used alone or with other anti-diabetic medicines.

Use Metformin as directed by your doctor.

Take Metformin by mouth with food. Take Metformin on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it. Taking Metformin at the same time each day will help you remember to take it. Continue taking Metformin even if you feel good. Do not miss any doses. Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about its usage.

Drug Class and Mechanism

Metformin is a biguanide antidiabetic. It works by decreasing the amount of sugar that the liver produces and the intestines absorb. It also helps to make your body more sensitive to the insulin that you naturally produce.

If you miss a dose of Metformin and are using it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Store Metformin between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Metformin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Do not use Metformin if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Metformin; you have congestive heart failure that is treated by medicine; you have a severe infection, low blood oxygen levels, kidney or liver problems, high blood ketone or acid levels (e. g. diabetic ketoacidosis), or severe dehydration; you have had a stroke or a recent heart attack, or you are in shock; you are 80 years old or older and have not had a kidney function test; you will be having surgery or certain lab procedures. Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Important : Dizziness may occur while you are taking Metformin. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Metformin with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Follow the diet and exercise program given to you by your health care provider. Do not drink large amounts of alcohol while you use Metformin. Talk to your doctor or health care provider before you drink alcohol while you use Metformin. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Metformin before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Be careful not to become dehydrated, especially during hot weather or while you are being active. Dehydration may increase the risk of Metformin 's side effects. Carry an ID card at all times that says you have diabetes. Check your blood sugar levels as directed by your doctor. If they are often higher or lower than they should be and you take Metformin exactly as prescribed, tell your doctor. This medicine does not usually lower your blood sugar levels. Low blood sugar may be more likely to occur if you skip a meal, exercise heavily, or drink alcohol. It may also be more likely if you take Metformin along with certain medicines for diabetes (e. g. sulfonylureas, insulin). It is a good idea to carry a reliable source of glucose (e. g. tablets or gel) to treat low blood sugar. If this is not available, you should eat or drink a quick source of sugar like table sugar, honey, candy, orange juice, or non-diet soda. This will raise your blood sugar level quickly. Tell your doctor right away if this happens. To prevent low blood sugar, eat meals at the same time each day and do not skip meals. Fever, infection, injury, or surgery may increase your risk for high or low blood sugar levels. If any of these occur, check your blood sugar closely and tell your doctor right away. Metformin may commonly cause stomach upset, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea at the beginning of treatment. If you develop unusual or unexpected stomach problems, or if you develop stomach problems later during treatment, contact your doctor at once. This may be a sign of lactic acidosis. Lab tests, including kidney function, fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and blood counts, may be performed while you use Metformin. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Use Metformin with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects. Low blood sugar levels may also be more difficult to recognize in the elderly. Metformin should not be used in children younger than 10 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Metformin while you are pregnant. It is not known if Metformin is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Metformin.

Possible Side Effects

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; gas; headache; indigestion; nausea; stomach upset; temporary metallic taste; vomiting. Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain or discomfort; dizziness or lightheadedness; fast or difficult breathing; feeling of being unusually cold; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; general feeling of being unwell; muscle pain or weakness; slow or irregular heartbeat; unusual drowsiness; unusual or persistent stomach pain or discomfort; unusual tiredness or weakness.

If you have any questions about Hydrochlorothiazide, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Metformin is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.

Celecoxib belongs to a group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This medicine is used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, painful menstruation and menstrual symptoms. It also helps to reduce numbers of colon and rectum polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis.

Dosage and direction Take Celebrex by mouth with a glass of water, with or without food. Take the drug only as prescribed because dosage and schedule may vary depending on your condition and other factors. Avoid cutting, crushing or chewing this medicine. Do not take the medicine more often than it is prescribed. Do not give up taking it except on the advice of your doctor. It may need time for the medicine to help. Consult your doctor concerning proper dose for you.

Precautions Before taking Celebrex tell your doctor or chemist if you are allergic to it; or if you have other allergies. Inform your doctor or chemist if you have heart, liver or kidney problems. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking while being treated with this medication. Caution is advised while using Celebrex by pregnant/nursing women or children. Aged people can be more sensitive to side effects of the medicine. During the pregnancy this treatment should be used only when strongly necessary. As this medicament can be absorbed by skin, women who are pregnant or may become pregnant should not manipulate this medicine.

Celebrex should not be used by patients having demonstrated a reaction of hypersensitivity to Baclofen.

Possible side effect The most common side effects are skin rash, itching or hives, chest pain, headache, nausea, etc. A very serious allergic reaction rarely occurs. Many people using this medicine do not have serious side effects. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details. In case you notice the effects not listed here, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Drug interaction Tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you used before using this medication. Celebrex can interact with: * medicines for high blood pressure; * other NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen; * aspirin and aspirin-like drugs; * warfarin. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Missed dose If you have missed your dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you see that it is near the time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take your dose twice.

Overdose If you think you have used too much of this medicine seek emergency medical attention right away. The symptoms of overdose usually include chest pain, nausea, irregular heartbeat, and feeling light-headed or fainting.

Storage Store your medicines at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store your drugs in the bathroom. Keep all drugs away from children and pets.

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Genovox, Genovox

Genovox

Important Notice: The Drugs. com international database is in BETA release. This means it is still under development and may contain inaccuracies. It is not intended as a substitute for the expertise and judgement of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that the use of any medication in any country is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any medication.

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Drugbank Lamotrigine, Lambipol

Lamotrigine is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. For epilepsy it is used to treat partial seizures, primary and secondary tonic-clonic seizures, and seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Lamotrigine also acts as a mood stabilizer. It is the first medication since lithium granted Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for the maintenance treatment of bipolar type I. Chemically unrelated to other anticonvulsants, lamotrigine has relatively few side-effects and does not require blood monitoring. The exact way lamotrigine works is unknown. [Wikipedia]

Structure for DB00555 (Lamotrigine)

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Average: 256.091 Monoisotopic: 255.007850663

This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dichlorobenzenes. These are compounds containing a benzene with exactly two chlorine atoms attached to it.

1,2-dichlorobenzene

Aminotriazine

1,2,4-triazine

Imidolactam

Triazine

Primary aromatic amine

Aryl halide

Aryl chloride

Heteroaromatic compound

Azacycle

Organoheterocyclic compound

Hydrocarbon derivative

Primary amine

Organonitrogen compound

Organochloride

Organohalogen compound

Amine

Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound

Aromatic heteromonocyclic compounds

For the adjunctive treatment of partial seizures in epilepsy and generalized seizures of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Also for the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder and depression.

Lamotrigine, an antiepileptic drug (AED) of the phenyltriazine class, is chemically unrelated to existing antiepileptic drugs. Lamotrigine is also used in the treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. Lamotrigine is thought to exert its anticonvulsant effect by stabilizing presynaptic neuronal membranes. Lamotrigine inhibits sodium currents by selectively binding to the inactivated state of the sodium channel and subsequently suppresses the release of the excilatory amino acid, glutamate.

Mechanism of action

One proposed mechanism of action of Lamotrigine, the relevance of which remains to be established in humans, involves an effect on sodium channels. in vitro pharmacological studies suggest that lamotrigine inhibits voltage-sensitive sodium channels and/or calcium channels, thereby stabilizing neuronal membranes and consequently modulating presynaptic transmitter release of excitatory amino acids (e. g. glutamate and aspartate). Studies on lamotrigine show binding to sodium channels similar to local anesthetics.

25 +/- 10 hours (healthy individuals); 42.9 hours (chronic renal failure)

Apparent plasma cl=0.44 mL/min/kg [healthy volunteers taking single-dose LAMICTAL ]

Apparent plasma cl=0.58 mL/min/kg [healthy volunteers taking multiple-dose LAMICTAL ]

Apparent plasma cl=0.30 mL/min/kg [healthy volunteers taking valproate and single-dose LAMICTAL ]

Apparent plasma cl=0.18 mL/min/kg [healthy volunteers taking valproate and multiple-dose LAMICTAL ]

Apparent plasma cl=1.1 mL/min/kg [Patients with epilepsy taking carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, or primidone plus valproate and single-dose LAMICTAL ]

Apparent plasma cl=1.12 mL/min/kg [Patients with epilepsy taking carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, or primidone plus valproate and multiple-dose LAMICTAL ]

LD 50 =250 (mg/kg) (in rat, mice); LD 50 >640 orally (mg/kg) (in rat, mice) (Sawyer). Symptoms of overdose include decreased level of consciousness, coma, delayed heartbeat, increased seizures, lack of coordination, and rolling eyeballs.

Kind Protein Organism Human Pharmacological action unknown Actions inhibitor General Function: Voltage-gated sodium channel activity Specific Function: Mediates the voltage-dependent sodium ion permeability of excitable membranes. Assuming opened or closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane, the protein forms a sodium-selective channel through which Na(+) ions may pass in accordance with their electrochemical gradient. Gene Name: SCN2A Uniprot ID: Q99250 Molecular Weight: 227972.64 Da

References

Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]

Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]

Lipkind GM, Fozzard HA: Molecular modeling of local anesthetic drug binding by voltage-gated sodium channels. Mol Pharmacol. 2005 Dec;68(6):1611-22. Epub 2005 Sep 20. [PubMed:16174788 ]

Enzymes

Kind Protein Organism Human Pharmacological action unknown Actions substrate General Function: Protein homodimerization activity Specific Function: UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Isoform 2 lacks transferase activity but acts as a negative regulator of isoform 1 (By similarity). Gene Name: UGT1A4 Uniprot ID: P22310 Molecular Weight: 60024.535 Da

References

Argikar UA, Senekeo-Effenberger K, Larson EE, Tukey RH, Remmel RP: Studies on induction of lamotrigine metabolism in transgenic UGT1 mice. Xenobiotica. 2009 Nov;39(11):826-35. doi: 10.3109/00498250903188985. [PubMed:19845433 ]

Chen H, Yang K, Choi S, Fischer JH, Jeong H: Up-regulation of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A4 by 17beta-estradiol: a potential mechanism of increased lamotrigine elimination in pregnancy. Drug Metab Dispos. 2009 Sep;37(9):1841-7. doi: 10.1124/dmd.109.026609. Epub 2009 Jun 22. [PubMed:19546240 ]

Argikar UA, Remmel RP: Variation in glucuronidation of lamotrigine in human liver microsomes. Xenobiotica. 2009 May;39(5):355-63. doi: 10.1080/00498250902745082. [PubMed:19387891 ]

Kind Protein Organism Human Pharmacological action unknown Actions substrate General Function: Retinoic acid binding Specific Function: UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Isoform 2 lacks transferase activity but acts as a negative regulator of isoform 1. Gene Name: UGT1A3 Uniprot ID: P35503 Molecular Weight: 60337.835 Da

References

Argikar UA, Remmel RP: Variation in glucuronidation of lamotrigine in human liver microsomes. Xenobiotica. 2009 May;39(5):355-63. doi: 10.1080/00498250902745082. [PubMed:19387891 ]

Transporters

Kind Protein Organism Human Pharmacological action unknown Actions substrate General Function: Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity Specific Function: Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells. Gene Name: ABCB1 Uniprot ID: P08183 Molecular Weight: 141477.255 Da

References

Luna-Tortos C, Fedrowitz M, Loscher W: Several major antiepileptic drugs are substrates for human P-glycoprotein. Neuropharmacology. 2008 Dec;55(8):1364-75. doi: 10.1016/j. neuropharm.2008.08.032. Epub 2008 Sep 11. [PubMed:18824002 ]

This project is supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (award #111062), Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions. and by The Metabolomics Innovation Centre (TMIC). a nationally-funded research and core facility that supports a wide range of cutting-edge metabolomic studies. TMIC is funded by Genome Alberta. Genome British Columbia. and Genome Canada. a not-for-profit organization that is leading Canada's national genomics strategy with $900 million in funding from the federal government. Maintenance, support, and commercial licensing is provided by OMx Personal Health Analytics, Inc.

Buy Cheap Arthritis - Mainvate (Brand Name Decadron) (Dexamethasone) Buy Arthritis - Mainvate (Brand

Decadron is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin and eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders. Also it is used in the treatment of cancers of the white blood cells (leukemias), and lymph gland cancers (lymphomas).

Availability: In Stock (34 packs)

Product Description Common use Decadron is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin and eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders. Also it is used in the treatment of cancers of the white blood cells (leukemias), and lymph gland cancers (lymphomas). Finally, Decadron is used as replacement therapy in patients whose adrenal glands are unable to produce sufficient amounts of corticosteroids.

Dosage and direction Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. The initial oral dose is 0.75 to 9 mg daily depending on the disease. The initial dose should be adjusted according to the response to therapy. Take with food or milk to prevent stomach upset. Take this medication by mouth with food or a full glass of water or milk unless your doctor directs you otherwise. If you take this medication once daily, take it in the morning before 9 AM. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Take it at the same time(s) each day. It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well. Follow the dosing schedule carefully, and take this medication exactly as prescribed. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Inform your doctor if your condition does not improve or worsens.

Precautions Do not get immunizations, vaccinations, or skin tests unless specifically directed by your doctor. Before taking Decadron, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any allergies, your medical history: active fungal infections, kidney or liver disease, mental/mood conditions, low blood minerals, thyroid disease, stomach/intestinal problems, high blood pressure, heart problems, diabetes, eye diseases, brittle bones, history of blood clots. If you have been taking this medication for a long time, your body may not make enough natural hormones while you are under physical stress. Your dose may need to be adjusted. If you have stopped taking this drug within the past 12 months, you may need to start taking it again if your body is under physical stress. Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication or have taken it within the last 12 months. If you have a history of ulcers or take large doses of aspirin or other arthritis medication. Limit alcoholic beverages while taking this medication to decrease the risk of stomach/intestinal bleeding. If you have diabetes, this drug may make it harder to control your blood sugar levels. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and inform your doctor of the results. During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. This drug may pass into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Therefore, breast-feeding is not recommended while using this medication. Avoid contact with people who have recently received oral polio vaccine or flu vaccine inhaled through the nose, chickenpox or measles unless you have previously had these diseases (in childhood). If you are exposed to one of these infections and you have not previously had it, seek immediate medical attention.

Contraindications Do NOT use Decadron if you are allergic to any ingredient in Decadron, you have a systemic fungal infection, you are taking mifepristone. Contact your doctor or health care provider immediately if any of these apply to you.

Possible side effects

Side effects of Decadron depend on the dose, the duration and the frequency of administration. Short courses of dexamethasone usually are well tolerated with few and mild side effects. Long term, high dose dexamethasone usually will produce predictable and potentially serious side effects. Whenever possible, the lowest effective dose of dexamethasone should be used for the shortest possible length of time to minimize side effects. Alternate day dosing also can help reduce side effects. Side effects include fluid retention, weight gain, high blood pressure, loss of potassium, headache, muscle weakness, puffiness, and hair growth on the face, thinning and easy bruising of skin, glaucoma, cataracts, peptic ulceration, worsening of diabetes, irregular menses, growth retardation in children, convulsions, stomach upset, headache, dizziness, menstrual changes, trouble sleeping, increased appetite, or weight gain may occur, depression, euphoria, insomnia, mood swings, personality changes, and even psychotic behavior. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Drug interactions Drugs such as phenobarbital, ephedrine, phenytoin (Dilantin), and rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) may increase the breakdown of corticosteroids by the liver. As a result it may be lower blood levels and reduced effects. Therefore, the dose of corticosteroid may need to be increased if treatment with any of these agents is begun.

Missed dose If you are taking this medication daily and on a regular schedule, and you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Overdose Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Storage Decadron should be stored at 68-77 F (20-25 C) and not frozen

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Low Prices For Ponstel At Greatest Pharmacy Drugstore, Mefenamique

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Ponstel (Mefenamic acid)

Rating of sales:

Generic Ponstel is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Generic Ponstel is used for treating menstrual pain. It may be used for short term (not more than 7 days) treatment of mild to moderate pain. Generic Ponstel blocks certain substances in the body that are linked to inflammation. NSAIDs treat the symptoms of pain and inflammation.

Description

Generic Ponstel is used for treating menstrual pain. It may be used for short term (not more than 7 days) treatment of mild to moderate pain.

Generic Ponstel blocks certain substances in the body that are linked to inflammation. NSAIDs treat the symptoms of pain and inflammation.

Ponstel is also known as Mefenamic acid, Ponstan.

Generic name of Generic Ponstel is Mefenamic Acid.

Brand name of Generic Ponstel is Ponstel.

Dosage

Generic Ponstel is available in:

250mg Min Dosage

500mg Low Dosage

Take Generic Ponstel orally.

Take Generic Ponstel with or without food.

Take Generic Ponstel with a full glass of water.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Ponstel suddenly.

Missing of dose

Do not take double dose. If you miss a dose you should take it as soon as you remember about your missing. If it is the time for the next dose you should continue your regular dosing schedule.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Ponstel and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

Generic Ponstel has its side effects. The most common are:

constipation

diarrhea

dizziness

gas

headache

heartburn

nausea

stomach upset

Less common but more serious side effects during taking Generic Ponstel:

allergy reactions (urticaria, breathing difficulties, rash, and eruption)

bloody or black stool

dark urine

chest pain

confusion

depression

mental or mood changes

fainting

red, swollen, blistered or peeling skin

ringing in the ears

vision or speech changes

unusual joint or muscle pain

Side effects manifestations are not only depend on medicine you are taking but also depend on your health state and on the other factors.

Contra-indications

Do not take Generic Ponstel if you are allergic to Generic Ponstel components or to aspirin.

Do not take Generic Ponstel if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.

Do not take Generic Ponstel if you have had a severe allergic reaction (e. g. severe rash, hives, trouble breathing, growths in the nose, dizziness) to aspirin or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (e. g. ibuprofen, celecoxib).

Do not take Generic Ponstel if you have had recent or will be having bypass heart surgery.

Do not take Generic Ponstel if you have kidney problems.

Do not take Generic Ponstel if you have ulcers or inflammation of the stomach or bowel.

Do not use Generic Ponstel with aspirin.

Be careful with Generic Ponstel when it is used by children younger than 14 years old and by elderly people.

Avoid machine driving.

Avoid drinking alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Ponstel taking suddenly.

Frequently asked questions

Q: What is Generic Ponstel?

A: Generic Ponstel is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Q: How does Generic Ponstel work?

A: Generic Ponstel blocks certain substances in the body that are linked to inflammation. NSAIDs treat the symptoms of pain and inflammation.

Q: How to take Generic Ponstel?

A: Take Generic Ponstel orally. Take Generic Ponstel with or without food. Take Generic Ponstel with a full glass of water.

Q: What should I do if I missed the dose?

A: In case of dose missing you should take your tablet as soon as possible. Do not take double dosage. And if it is right time for the next dosage you should continue your regular schedule of Generic Ponstel taking.

Q: Are there any allergic reactions on Generic Ponstel taking?

A: Allergic reactions of Generic Ponstel taking: rash, hives, itching, trouble breathing, tightness in the chest, swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue.

Abboticin Generic Name Erythromycin Online, Abboticin

Abboticin General Information

Abboticin - Pharmacology:

Abboticin acts by penetrating the bacterial cell membrane and reversibly binding to the 50 S subunit of bacterial ribosomes or near the “P” or donor site so that binding of tRNA (transfer RNA) to the donor site is blocked. Translocation of peptides from the “A” or acceptor site to the “P” or donor site is prevented, and subsequent protein synthesis is inhibited. Abboticin is effective only against actively dividing organisms. The exact mechanism by which erythmromycin reduces lesions of acne vulgaris is not fully known: however, the effect appears to be due in part to the antibacterial activity of the drug.

Abboticin for patients

Abboticin is an antibiotic for the treatment of infection. Topical erythromycin may be used to treat acne. Take at regular intervals and complete the entire course of therapy. Notify your physician if you are pregnant or nursing. Notify your physician if you develop severe abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes, rash, dark urine, or pale stools. May cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; notify your physician if these occur. Abboticin should be taken on an empty stomach with a full glass of water; may be taken with food if GI upset occurs.

This description is suitable for active ingredient Erythromycin

Abboticin Interactions

Abboticin use in patients who are receiving high doses of theophylline may be associated with an increase in serum theophylline levels and potential theophylline toxicity. In case of theophylline toxicity and/or elevated serum theophylline levels, the dose of theophylline should be reduced while the patient is receiving concomitant erythromycin therapy.

Concomitant administration of erythromycin and digoxin has been reported to result in elevated digoxin serum levels. There have been reports of increased anticoagulant effects when erythromycin and oral anticoagulants were used concomitantly. Increased anticoagulation effects due to interactions of erythromycin with various oral anticoagulents may be more pronounced in the elderly.

Concurrent use of erythromycin and ergotamine or dihydroergotamine has been associated in some patients with acute ergot toxicity characterized by severe peripheral vasospasm and dysesthesia.

Abboticin has been reported to decrease the clearance of triazolam and midazolam and thus may increase the pharmacologic effect of these benzodiazepines.

The use of erythromycin in patients concurrently taking drugs metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system may be associated with elevations in serum levels of these other drugs. There have been reports of interactions of erythromycin with carbamazepine, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, hexobarbital, phenytoin, alfentanil, cisapride, disopyramide, lovastatin, bromocriptine, valproate, terfenadine, and astemizole. Serum concentrations of drugs metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system should be monitored closely in patients concurrently receiving erythromycin.

Abboticin has been reported to significantly alter the metabolism of nonsedating antihistamines terfenadine and astemizole when taken concomitantly. Rare cases of serious cardiovascular adverse events, including electrocardiographic QT/QTc interval prolongation, cardiac arrest, torsades de pointes, and other ventricular arrhythmias have been observed. In addition, deaths have been reported rarely with concomitant administration of terfenadine and erythromycin.

There have been postmarketing reports of drug interactions when erythromycin is coadministered with cisapride, resulting in QT prolongation, cardiac arrythmias, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrulation, and torsades de pointes, most like due to inhibition of hepatic metabolism of cisapride by erythromycin. Fatalities have been reported.

Patients receiving concomitant lovastatin and erythromycin should be carefully monitored; cases of rhabdomyolysis have been reported in seriously ill patients.

Abboticin Contraindications

Abboticin is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to this antibiotic. Abboticin is contraindicated in patients taking terfenadine, astemizole, or cisapride. Topical Ery 2% Pads are contraindicated in those individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to any of its components.

This description is suitable for active ingredient Erythromycin

Abboticin tags categories:

Buy Rudocyclin Online Without Prescriptions, Rudocyclin

Doxycycline is used for treating infections caused by certain bacteria. It may be used in combination with other medicines to treat certain amoeba infections. It may also be used to prevent or slow the progression of anthrax after exposure. Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It works by slowing the growth of bacteria. Slowing bacteria's growth allows the body's immune system to destroy the bacteria.

Take Doxycycline exactly as it was prescribed for you.

Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take Doxycycline with a full glass of water (8 ounces).

Do not take the medication with milk or other dairy products, unless your doctor has told you to. Dairy products can make it harder for your body to absorb the medicine.

Do not crush, break, or open a capsule. Swallow the pill whole. It is specially made to release medicine slowly in the body. Breaking or opening the pill would cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

Take Doxycycline for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated.

Doxycycline will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Do not give this medicine to another person, even if they have the same condition you have.

If you need to have any type of surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are taking Doxycycline. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.

Do not take any Doxycycline after the expiration date printed on the label. Using expired Doxycycline can cause damage to your kidneys.

Do not give Doxycycline to a child younger 8 years. It can cause permanent yellowing or graying of the teeth, and it can affect a child's growth.

If you miss a dose of Doxycycline, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Doxycycline.

Store Doxycycline at room temperature between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C) in a tightly closed container. Brief periods at temperatures of 59 to 86 degrees F (15 to 30 degrees C) are permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Doxycycline out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Do NOT use Doxycycline if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Doxycycline, or to similar medicines such as demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Dynacin, Minocin, Solodyn, Vectrin), or tetracycline (Brodspec, Panmycin, Sumycin, Tetracap)

you are taking acitretin, isotretinoin, or a penicillin (eg, amoxicillin)

you have recently received or will be receiving a live oral typhoid vaccine.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Doxycycline. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have diarrhea, a stomach or intestinal infection, a history of lupus, or the blood disease porphyria

if you have liver or kidney disease, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take Doxycycline.

Some medicines may interact with Doxycycline. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), carbamazepine, or hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because they may decrease Doxycycline's effectiveness

Acitretin or isotretinoin because side effects, such as increased pressure inside the skull (resulting in severe headaches and vision problems) may occur

Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), digoxin, methotrexate, or methoxyflurane because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Doxycycline

Live oral typhoid vaccine, hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills), or penicillins (eg, amoxicillin) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Doxycycline.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Doxycycline may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Be sure to use Doxycycline for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.

Long-term or repeated use of Doxycycline may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.

Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or blood stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.

Doxycycline may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Doxycycline. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Doxycycline before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using Doxycycline. To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control (eg, condoms).

Doxycycline may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are using Doxycycline.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Doxycycline has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Doxycycline while you are pregnant. Doxycycline is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Doxycycline.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Loss of appetite; nausea; sensitivity to sunlight; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); bloody stools; chest pain; dark urine; decreased urination; fever, chills, or sore throat; moderate to severe sunburn; severe diarrhea; severe or persistent headache; stomach pain or cramps; throat irritation; trouble swallowing; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual joint pain; unusual tiredness; vaginal irritation or discharge; vision changes; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

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Betagen Spray - Hot Spot Treatment For Dogs, Betagen

Betagen

What is Betagen?

Betagen is a topical spray used on dogs for the treatment of infected superficial lesions caused by bacteria. It contains gentamicin, an antibiotic, and betamethasone, an anti-inflammatory. Betagen requires a prescription from your veterinarian.

Great for hot spots, rashes

Can speed up healing of skin infections

Effective treatment for dogs with sensitive skin and allergies

Customers rave about how easy it is to use

Betagen is a combination of an antibiotic to treat bacterial infections and a corticosteroid to treat any accompanying inflammation or itching.

Betagen should not be used for than 7 days unless otherwise directed by your veterinarian. Do not use if your pet has a viral or fungal infection. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is pregnant or lactating.

Betagen Topical Spray (Med-Pharmex)

Gentamicin Sulfate with Betamethasone Valerate Topical Spray (jen-ta-my'-sin, beta-meth'-a-zone)

What is the most important information I should know about Betagen Topical Spray:

Betagen Topical Spray is a prescription medicine FDA approved for veterinary use in dogs. Betagen Topical Spray is available in a 120 ml plastic spray bottle. Each ml contains gentamicin sulfate equivalent to 0.57mg gentamicin base and betamethasone valerate equivalent to 0.284mg betamethasone.

What is Betagen Topical Spray:

Betagen Topical Spray is an antimicrobial and corticosteroid combination used on dogs for the treatment of superficial lesions caused by susceptible bacteria. Betagen Topical Spray may also be used for purposes other than those listed.

What should I discuss with my veterinarian before using Betagen Topical Spray on my pet:

Do not use Betagen Topical Spray if the pet has a viral or fungal infection. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is pregnant or lactating.

How should this medication be used:

Use this medication exactly as directed by your veterinarian. If you do not understand the directions ask the pharmacist or veterinarian to explain them to you. The usual dose for dogs is 2 sprays administered 2-4 times a day for 7 days. Hold the spray bottle upright and 3-6 inches from the affected area. Store Betagen Topical Spray at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep out of the reach of children or pets.

What happens if I miss applying a dose:

Apply the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and apply the next one as directed. Do not give a double dose of the medication.

What happens if I overdose the pet:

An overdose of this medication is unlikely. If an overdose is suspected, seek emergency veterinary medical treatment.

What should I avoid while using Betagen Topical Spray on my pet:

Do not use this medication in pets allergic to it or any of the individual ingredients. Treatment beyond 7 days may lead to prolonged wound healing.

What are the possible side effects of Betagen Topical Spray:

Serious side effects are not expected. Prolonged use of this medication may give rise to the overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms such as fungi and yeasts. Weight loss, increased thirst and urination, vomiting and diarrhea have occurred in animals following the use of synthetic corticosteroids. Continue the medication and talk to your veterinarian about any side effect that seems unusual or bothersome to the animal.

What other drugs will affect Betagen Topical Spray:

Before using Betagen Topical Spray, tell your veterinarian if your pet is using other antibiotic or corticosteroid medications either topically or by mouth. Talk to the veterinarian or pharmacist before giving any prescription or over the counter medicines.

Where can I get more information:

Your pharmacist has additional information about Betagen Topical Spray written for health professionals that you may read.

Betagen Topical Spray is an antimicrobial and corticosteroid combination available by prescription used on dogs for the treatment of superficial lesions cause by susceptible bacteria.

Treatment beyond 7 days may result in prolonged wound healing.

Prior to treatment, remove excessive hair and clean the lesion and adjacent area.

Betagen Topical Spray is for topical use on dogs only.

Do not use Betagen Topical Spray if your pet has a viral or fungal infection.

Betagen is rated 4.705882352941177 out of 5 by 34.

Rated 5 out of 5 by Monkey from Very effective for dogs with allergy breakouts This topical spray has helped heal my dogs' allergy breakouts. It is easy to use and if effective right away. Great for "hot spots"

Date published: 2016-01-03

Rated 5 out of 5 by harrysr from Betagen Bacterial Topical Spray I use the Betagen Bacterial Topical Spray on my 12 YAO Doxie who had developed numerous skin infections. His vet was issuing antibiotics in a tablet form when this started which cleared the skin infections, but within a short amount of time the infections returned. The vet then suggested trying a bacterial spray which I purchased from the vets office. This appeared to correct the skin infection also. When the skin infection returned the vet didn't like the idea of another issue of antibiotic tablets as the vet was worried that my Doxies Immune System might build up a tolerance to them, so it was suggested that the topical spray should be tried due to the fact it's external vice internal. Within two weeks of twice a day dosage the skin infection has totally cleared. Also it appears that for some unknown reason my Doxies Immune System has problems fighting off external infections, the Batagen Bacterial Topical Spray has corrected this problem for the time being.

Date published: 2015-05-30

Rated 2 out of 5 by Roxy from Im sure this product would work on the right skin irritation but for my Golden I bathed her and put the Betagen daily 1wk and ran out she is 131 lbs ordered another bottle this time a120ml and she seems to have new sores since then. Help! Vet said could be low Thyroid, test came out ok not low enough for oral meds, and not safe for oral antibiotics not he said. also shampooing with Melaseb

Date published: 2014-09-15

Rated 5 out of 5 by ScentsyMama from Boston-Pug (Bug) My boy had a cone put around his head since his lesion needed healing after scratching it to oozing blood. After his finished powder to stop the bleeding and antibiotic, we sprayed this on him twice daily. A few days later we already see VAST improvement! Thank you, Betagen for saving our pup's life!

Date published: 2014-08-04

Rated 5 out of 5 by K from Works awesome on hot spots! Love this stuff

Date published: 2014-06-21

Rated 4 out of 5 by Butterfly from Great product! My dog suffers from allegies and Betagen gives my dog on contact relief. My vet prescribed a smaller bottle so I was pleased that PetMed offers a bottle with more ounces.

Date published: 2014-01-18

Rated 5 out of 5 by Ingrid from Awsome Healing This Product is from heaven, it heals in min. the sensitive Skin, Foot allergies, all kind of irritation. Thank you. and 1-800-PetMets is always very helpful to, because the vets are stubborn.

Date published: 2013-12-23

Rated 5 out of 5 by Cairn Terrier from Best product we have used Our 7 year old Cairn has been miserable with allergies for the last 6 years. 4 to 5 vet trips a year and hundreds of $$$'s on shots, pills and salves and she was getting no better. Plus I hated giving her steroids. Tried Betagen and voila a miracle. All redness and soreness is gone within 2 days. I check her every day and don't hesitate to give her a spritz whenever I discover a red area. I believe in this product completely.

Date published: 2013-09-12

2016-09-17T06:02CST

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Important Notice: The Drugs. com international database is in BETA release. This means it is still under development and may contain inaccuracies. It is not intended as a substitute for the expertise and judgement of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that the use of any medication in any country is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any medication.

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Ranitidine is used for treating certain conditions that cause your body to make too much stomach acid (eg, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome). It is also used to treat ulcers of the small intestine that have not responded to other treatment. It may be used as a short-term alternative to oral ranitidine, in patients who are not able to take medicine by mouth. Ranitidine is an H 2 - receptor blocker. It works by blocking the action of histamine in the stomach. This reduces the amount of acid the stomach makes. Reducing stomach acid helps to reduce heartburn, heal irritation of the esophagus, and heal ulcers of the stomach or intestines.

Use Ranitidine as directed by your doctor.

Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

You may take antacids while you are using Ranitidine if you are directed to do so by your doctor.

Continue to use Ranitidine even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Ranitidine, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Ranitidine.

Store Ranitidine between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Ranitidine out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Do NOT use Ranitidine if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Ranitidine

you have a history of the blood disease porphyria

you are taking dasatinib.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Ranitidine. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have a history of kidney or liver problems

if you have abnormal blood electrolyte levels or a history of irregular heartbeat.

Some medicines may interact with Ranitidine. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Certain benzodiazepines (eg, midazolam, triazolam), glipizide, procainamide, or warfarin because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Ranitidine

Dasatinib, delavirdine, gefitinib, certain HIV protease inhibitors (eg, atazanavir), itraconazole, or ketoconazole because their effectiveness may be decreased by Ranitidine.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Ranitidine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Ranitidine may rarely cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Ranitidine with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Ranitidine may interfere with certain lab tests, including urine protein tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Ranitidine.

Lab tests, including liver function, may be performed while you use Ranitidine. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Ranitidine should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 1 month old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Ranitidine while you are pregnant. Ranitidine is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Ranitidine.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; headache; nausea; stomach upset.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); change in the amount of urine produced; confusion; dark urine; depression; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; hallucinations; severe or persistent headache or stomach pain; unusual bruising or bleeding; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Buy Tensispes - Buspirone - Online Without Prescriptions, Tensispes

Buspar (Tensispes)

Buspar is used for the short-term relief of anxiety symptoms. Buspar is an antianxiety agent. It reacts with specific chemical receptors in the brain.

Use Buspar as directed by your doctor.

Take Buspar by mouth. Take it consistently, either always with food or always without food.

Avoid large amounts of grapefruit or grapefruit juice while you are taking Buspar. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions about including grapefruit or grapefruit juice in your diet while you are taking Buspar.

Buspar is designed to be taken every day to prevent anxiety symptoms. It does not work if it is only taken as needed or only when anxiety symptoms are present.

Continue to take Buspar even if you feel well. Do not miss any dose.

If you miss a dose of Buspar, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Buspar.

Store Buspar at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Avoid storing at temperatures above 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Keep Buspar out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient: Buspirone HCl.

Do NOT use Buspar if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Buspar

you have severe liver or kidney problems

you are taking furazolidone, sodium oxybate (GHB), or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine), or if you have taken an MAOI within the past 14 days.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Buspar. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have a history of alcoholism or substance abuse, or have liver or kidney problems

if you have a history of suicidal thoughts or actions.

Some medicines may interact with Buspar. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Furazolidone or MAOIs (eg, phenelzine) because serious side effects, including severe high blood pressure, may occur

Azole antifungals (eg, ketoconazole), diltiazem, HIV protease inhibitors (eg, ritonavir), macrolides and ketolides (eg, erythromycin, azithromycin), nefazodone, or verapamil because they may increase the risk of Buspar's side effects

Carbamazepine, dexamethasone, phenobarbital, phenytoin, or rifampin because they may decrease Buspar's effectiveness

Sodium oxybate (GHB) because the risk of its side effects may be increased by Buspar.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Buspar may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Buspar may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Buspar with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Buspar. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Buspar should be used with extreme caution in children younger 6 years; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Buspar while you are pregnant. It is not known if Buspar is found in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while taking Buspar.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred vision; dizziness; drowsiness; excitability; headache; lightheadedness; nausea.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); abnormal muscle movements; chest pain; fainting; fever; irregular heartbeat; loss of coordination; memory problems; new or worsening mental, mood, or personality changes (eg, anger, hostility, confusion, depression); seizures; suicidal thoughts or actions; unusual restlessness; vision changes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

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Maharana Pratap - History Of Chittorgarh, Paratab

Maharana Pratap - Mewar's Greatest Hero

Born: May 9, 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan Father's Name: Maharana Udai Singh II Mother's Name: Rani Jeevant Kanwar Died: January 29, 1597 in Chavand

Maharana Pratap was born on 9th May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan . His father was Maharana Udai Singh II and his mother was Rani Jeevant Kanwar. Maharana Udai Singh II ruled the kingdom of Mewar, with his capital at Chittor. Maharana Pratap was the eldest of twenty-five sons and hence given the title of Crown Prince. He was destined to be the 54th ruler of Mewar, in the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs.

In 1567, when Crown Prince Pratap Singh was only 27, Chittor was surrounded by the Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar . Maharana Udai Singh II decided to leave Chittor and move his family to Gogunda, rather than capitulate to the Mughals. The young Pratap Singh wanted to stay back and fight the Mughals but the elders intervened and convinced him to leave Chittor, oblivious of the fact that this move from Chittor was going to create history for all times to come.

In Gogunda, Maharana Udai Singh II and his nobles set up a temporary government of the kindom of Mewar. In 1572, the Maharana passed away, leaving the way for Crown Prince Pratap Singh to become the Maharana. However, in his later years, the late Maharana Udai Singh II had fallen under the influence of his favorite queen, Rani Bhatiyani, and had willed that her son Jagmal should ascend to the throne. As the late Maharana's body was being taken to the cremation grounds, Pratap Singh, the Crown Prince decided to accompany the dead body of the Maharana. This was a departure from tradition as the Crown Prince did not accompany the body of the departed Maharana but instead prepared to ascend the throne, such that the line of succession remained unbroken. Pratap Singh, in deference to his father's wishes, decided to let his half-brother Jagmal become the next king. However, knowing this to be disastrous for Mewar, the late Maharana's nobles, especially the Chundawat Rajputs, forced Jagmal to leave the throne to Pratap Singh. Unlike Bharat, Jagmal did not willingly give up the throne. He swore revenge and left for Ajmer, to join the armies of Akbar, where he was offered a jagir - the town of Jahazpur - in return for his help. Meanwhile, Crown Prince Pratap Singh became Maha Rana Pratap Singh I, 54th ruler of Mewar in the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs.

The year was 1572. Pratap Singh had just become the Maharana of Mewar and he had not been back in Chittor since 1567. His old fort and his home beckoned to him. The pain of his father's death, and the fact that his father had not been able to see Chittor again, troubled the young Maharana deeply. But he was not the only one troubled at this time. Akbar had control of Chittor but not the kingdom of Mewar. So long as the people of Mewar swore by their Maharana, Akbar could not realize his ambition of being the Jahanpanah of Hindustan . He had sent several emissaries to Mewar to get Rana Pratap to agree to sign a treaty but the letter was only willing to sign a peace treaty whereby the sovereignty of Mewar would be intact. In the course of the year 1573, Akbar sent six diplomatic missions to Mewar to get Rana Pratap to agree to the former's suzerainty but Rana Pratap turned down each one of them. The last of these missions was headed by Raja Man Singh . the brother-in-law of Akbar himself. Maharana Pratap, angered that his fellow Rajput was aligned with someone who had forced the submission of all Rajputs, refused to sup with Raja Man Singh. The lines were completely drawn now - Akbar understood that Maharana Pratap would never submit and he would have to use his troops against Mewar.

With the failure of efforts to negotiate a peace treaty in 1573, Akbar blockaded Mewar from the rest of the world and alienated Mewar's traditional allies, some of whom were Maharana Pratap's own kith and kin. Akbar then tried to turn the people of the all-important Chittor district against their king so they would not help Pratap. He appointed Kunwar Sagar Singh, a younger brother of Pratap, to rule the conquered territory, However, Sagar, regretting his own treachery, soon returned from Chittor, and committed suicide with a dagger in the Mughal Court. Shakti Singh, Pratap's younger brother now with the Mughal army, is said to have fled the Mughal court temporarily and warned his brother of Akbar's actions.

In preparation for the inevitable war with the Mughals, Maharana Pratap altered his administration. He moved his capital to Kumbhalgarh, where he was born. He commanded his subjects to leave for the Aravali mountains and leave behind nothing for the approaching enemy - the war would be fought in a mountain terrain which the Mewar army was used to but not the Mughals. It is a testament to the young king's respect amongst his subjects that they obeyed him and left for the mountains. The Bhils of the Aravalis were completely behind him. The army of Mewar now raided Mughal trade caravans going from Delhi to Surat. A section of his army guarded the all important Haldighati Pass, the only way to get into Udaipur from the North. Maharana Pratap himself undertook several penances, not because his finances forced him to do so, but because he wished to remind himself, and all his subjects, why they were undertaking this pain - to win back their freedom, their right to exist as they wished. He foreswore that he would eat from leaf-plates, would sleep on the floor and would not shave. In his self-inflicted state of penury, the Maharana lived in mud-huts made from mud and bamboo.

In 1576, the famous battle of Haldighati was fought with 20,000 Rajputs against a Mughal army of 80,000 men commanded by Raja Man Singh. The battle was fierce though indecisive, to the Mughal army's astonishment. Maharana Pratap's army was not defeated but Maharana Pratap was surrounded by Mughal soldiers. It is said that at this point, his estranged brother, Shakti Singh . appeared and saved the Rana's life. Another casualty of this war was Maharana Pratap's famous, and loyal, horse Chetak, who gave up his life trying to save his Maharana.

After this war, Akbar tried several times to take over Mewar, failing each time. Maharana Pratap himself was keeping up his quest for taking Chittor back. However, the relentless attacks of the Mughal army had left his army weaker, and he barely had enough money to keep it going. It is said that at this time, one of his ministers, Bhama Shah, came and offered him all this wealth - a sum enabling Maharana Pratap to support an army of 25,000 for 12 years. It is said that before this generous gift from Bhama Shah . Maharana Pratap, anguished at the state of his subjects, was beginning to lose his spirit in fighting Akbar.

In one incident that caused him extreme pain, his children's meal - bread made from grass - was stolen by a dog. It is said that this cut into Maharana Pratap's heart deeply. He began to have doubts about his resolute refusal to submit to the Mughals. Perhaps in one of these moments of self doubt - something each and every human being goes through - Maharana Pratap wrote to Akbar demanding "a mitigation of his hardship". Overjoyed at this indication of his valiant foe's submission, Akbar commanded public rejoicing, and showed the letter to a literate Rajput at his Court, Prince Prithiraj. He was the younger brother of Rai Singh, the ruler of Bikaner, a State established some eighty years earlier by the Rathores of Marwar. He had been compelled to serve Akbar because of his kingdom's submission to the Mughals. An award-winning poet, Prithiraj was also a gallant warrior and a longtime admirer of the brave Maharana Pratap Singh. He was astonished and grieved by Maharana Pratap's decision, and told Akbar the note was the forgery of some foe to defame the Mewar king. "I know him well," he explained, "and he would never submit to your terms." He requested and obtained Akbar's permission to send a letter to Pratap, ostensibly to ascertain the fact of his submission, but really with a view to prevent it. He composed the couplets that have become famous in the annals of patriotism.

The hopes of the Hindu rest on the Hindu; yet the Rana forsakes them. But for Pratap, all would be placed on the same level by Akbar; for our chiefs have lost their valour and our females their honour. Akbar is the broker in the market of our race: he has purchased all but the son of Udai (Singh II of Mewar); he is beyond his price. What true Rajput would part with honour for nine days (nauroza); yet how many have bartered it away? Will Chittor come to this market. Though Patta (an affectionate name for Pratap Singh) has squandered away wealth (on warfare), yet he has preserved this treasure. Despair has driven man to this market, to witness their dishonour: from such infamy the descendant of Hamir (Hamir Singh) alone has been preserved. The world asks, from where does the concealed aid of Pratap emanate? None but the soul of manliness and his sword. The broker in the market of men (Akbar) will one day be surpassed; he cannot live forever. Then will our race come to Pratap, for the seed of the Rajput to sow in our desolate lands. To him all look for its preservation, that its purity may again become resplendent.

The now-famous letter led to Pratap reversing his decision and not submitting to the Mughals, as was his initial but reluctant intention. After 1587, Akbar relinquished his obsessive pursuit of Maharana Pratap and took his battles into Punjab and India's Northwest Frontier. Thus for the last ten years of his life, Maharana Pratap ruled in relative peace and eventually freed most of Mewar, including Udaipur and Kumbhalgarh, but not Chittor. Bhagwat Singh Mewar: "Maharana Pratap Singh (was) called the light and life of the Hindu community. There were times when he and his family and children ate bread made of grass." Maharana Pratap became a patron of the Arts. During his reign Padmavat Charita and the poems of Dursa Ahada were written. Palaces at Ubheshwar, Kamal Nath and Chavand bear testimony to his love of architecture. These buildings, built in the dense hilly forest have walls adorned with military-style architecture. But Pratap's broken spirit overpowered him in the twilight of his years. His last moments were an appropriate commentary on his life, when he swore his successor, Crown Prince Amar Singh to eternal conflict against the foes of his country's independence. Maharana Pratap was never able to win back Chittor but he never gave up fighting to win it back.

In January 1597, Rana Pratap Singh I, Mewar's greatest hero, was seriously injured in a hunting accident. He left his body at Chavand, aged 56, on January 29, 1597. He died fighting for his nation, for his people, and most importantly for his honor.

Use our forum to discuss about Maharana Pratap >>

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Lebilon, Lebilon

I’m so happy you’re here, because it means you care about healthy food. On this blog you’ll find discussions of a range of parenting issues (like picky eating and snacking. food marketing and politics), as well as delicious recipes and menus. Enjoy!

I’d love to hear your comments. I’d also love a photo or drawing on the Getting To Yum Photo Wall – where you’ll find kids eating everything from spinach and sushi to olives and octopus. Yum!

ps My new book Getting to Yum is now available for purchase in the US, UK and Canada!

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Many parents have gotten in touch asking about hands-on techniques, so I finally decided to take the plunge: I’ll run the workshop on January 31st from 11 am to 1 pm. Parents/caregivers and of course children are very welcome!

We’ll have 3 fun Taste Training games, 8 easy recipes (including a yummy dessert), and some lovely take home items. Quite a bargain for only $20.

Looking forward to seeing you there!

January 31st at Choices Markets (on 16th Avenue) in Vancouver .

Sign up here ! (You’ll have to scroll down to the bottom of the page for the event listing)

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I stumbled upon the idea of marketing food to your kids a few years ago, but didn’t realize that this was the subject of active academic research until quite a bit later.

Imagine my surprise when some of the tried and true French approaches to kids’ food education were the subject of sophisticated studies by leading American academics! They’ve proven what my French mother-in-law already knew: that positive marketing messages can convince kids to like healthy foods.

One of my favourite researchers on this topic is Brian Wansink, who is a Professor of Consumer Behaviour (how fun is that?) at Cornell University. Here’s a fun article published last month on the Huffington Post on Wansink’s insights into kids’ food.

Marketing food to your kids is the topic of an entire chapter of my new book Getting to Yum. I found it worked like a charm with my kids! Here’s a feature article published this week on some of the key tips and strategies for parents. Spoiler alert: for younger kids, positive marketing requires parents to be a bit silly! But that’s part of the fun…

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I had a fun time earlier this week appearing on CTV’s The Social, doing live “Taste Training”; the four hosts were good sports with the ‘surprise sack game’ and other Getting to Yum Games.

Check out the very funny video clip here .

And check out some squash recipes from the book here !

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Lori was one of the devoted ‘test families’ for Getting to Yum, who has been blogging about kids’ food for the past couple of years. She’s had some inspiring experiences with teaching her children to love healthy food. In fact, she was so inspired that she’s been posting regularly about applying the Getting to Yum lessons with her own two daughters!

This week, Lori blogged about her experiences using positive marketing messages with her kids; this is a powerful approach that quickly becomes a (fun) habit, and can work wonders. Check out her great blog here !

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Melanie Potock is an amazing speech pathologist and ‘real food’ advocate for kids (check our her blog mymunchbug. com ). I was so excited when she agreed to write this super helpful guest post. Thanks Melanie!

As a pediatric feeding therapist or “food coach for kids ”, I was smiling as I read Karen Le Billon’s new book, Getting to Yum . Truthfully, it was more than just a happy look on my face, I have to admit I was downright giddy. Nothing makes me happier than helping children become more adventurous eaters in a fun and family-centered way. That’s exactly the theme in Getting to Yum . Involve the whole family in taste-training games and help kids tune into the joy of discovering new foods!

But what’s a parent to do if their child is a sensitive eater and gags at the slightest taste or touch of a new food on their tongue? While gagging isn’t life-threatening (read Karen’s description of gagging vs. choking) it certainly is an unpleasant reflex that reinforces one thing: NOT eating. If a child gags enough, it leads to vomiting. Enough said. We don’t want to go there.

Here are five surprising steps to help your child manage their gag reflex and feel in control when they taste a brand new food:

Start with a pea-sized bite . preferably cut into a cube. The cube shape helps kids feel the food in their mouths because the edges provide more tactile input and is easier to control.

Teach your child to place it directly on the molars. Most kids take a hesitant bite with the front teeth so that the tongue tip can push it right out – patooey! Or, it falls directly from there backward onto the tongue and that’s often when the gagging starts. Instead, give your child better oral motor control by encouraging them to pick up the piece with their fingers and place it where a dinosaur chews – on his molars – so that it’s closer to the back of the throat to be swallowed. Little kids really get this – they can picture a dinosaur chewing with his “dino-teeth” and love that silly analogy. “Put it on your dino-teeth and chew like a T-Rex!”

Chew HARD! Hesitant eaters chew hesitantly. They lightly tap their teeth on the surface of the food and consequently let it fall onto the tongue – and then they gag. Like a dinosaur, chew hard! With my younger clients in feeding therapy, we pound the table with our fists when we chew a brand new food to ensure that we are also chewing with force. This deliberate chewing provides the proprioceptive input that tells our brain exactly where the food is in our mouth and thus, decreases the tendency to gag.

Pick up a glass of water with a STRAW . As adults, when we reach for a glass of water while eating a meal, we swallow much of the food in our mouths before the rim of the glass reaches our lips. To teach this learned behavior, a straw in the glass will help your child close his mouth and propel the chewed food backward to the throat to be swallowed.

Take another small sip to hose down the tongue. The straw also acts like a garden hose, washing any tickly spots on the tongue and signaling the brain to swallow again. In fact, it’s impossible to swallow and gag at the same time.

Whether your child is a garden-variety picky eater, an emerging foodie or perhaps a child with special needs who is in feeding therapy. always focus on what your child CAN do and progress from there. Once the pea-sized bites are swallowed with ease, progress to bean-sized bites until eventually your munch bug is tasting a comfortable, age-appropriate bite and asking for more. This same strategy can be implemented with toddlers or teenagers, but let’s face it – it’s probably best to forgo the dinosaur language at that point. Just remember to take it step-by-step and follow the Getting to Yum guidelines for keeping it fun!

Melanie Potock, MA, CCC-SLP is a certified speech language pathologist, an international speaker on the topic of picky eating, and the author of the award winning parenting book, Happy Mealtimes with Happy Kids: How to Teach Your Child About the Joy of Food! With over 18 years’ experience treating children with feeding difficulties, Mel’s approach to developing feeding skills includes the fundamentals of parenting in the kitchen, such as how to avoid mealtime debates and creating more joyful mealtimes, even with a hesitant eater. Mel embraces her work with families with an open heart and a touch of humor. After all, the journey to more adventurous eating should be celebrated each step of the way! She has also produced the award winning children’s CD Dancing in the Kitchen: Songs that Celebrate the Joy of Food as a tool to keep mealtimes joyful and family centered. Connect with Melanie at My Munch Bug on facebook and twitter or email her at Melanie@mymunchbug. com.

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“Today I Ate A Rainbow” is one of my favourite products for teaching kids to learn to love healthy foods. We used their amazing Today I Ate a Rainbow kits with my kids starting at a very young age — and we still love them. Believe me, this approach works: it’s simple, and most importantly it’s fun. Kids are actually motivated to make sure that they’re eating lots of fruits and veggies – to the point where they even remind me about it some days!?? Check out the Today I Ate a Rainbow website for lots of great ideas and resources.

Kia (the founder and President) is passionate about teaching kids to love healthy foods, and was one of the first people I reached out to when I began being active on kids’ food issues.

So I’m very excited to be teaming up with Kia and Harper Collins for a #gettingtoyum Twitter Party . Join us on Thursday June 12th at 11am PST to chat about picky eaters and the secrets of raising eager eaters!

We’ll be giving away 5 copies of Getting To Yum along with a couple of Today I Ate A Rainbow kits…the perfect combo! Entering is simple: just sign in to Twitter, and follow us: @karenlebillon @harpercollinsca @eatingarainbow — tweet out with the #gettingtoyum hashtag, and you’re entered to win.

If you have picky eaters or you want to prevent your kids from becoming picky eaters you won’t want to miss this twitter party!

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We’ve all known at least one kid like this (maybe even one in our own family): they subsist on a ‘beige’ food diet, and would rather sit at the table (arms crossed, lips pursed) for hours rather than take one taste of that new food you’re offering. Some kids are also largely geared towards a “kids’ food” diet: chicken nuggets, anyone?

But highly processed “kids’ food” may be setting them up for a lifetime of unhealthy eating. Read my interview in the National Post on food rehab, and getting your child from yuck to yum. Trust me, it can be done! Check out the success stories on my Getting to Yum blog: you’d be amazed at the transformation in formerly picky eaters!

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Must-Reads

Fussy Eater or Picky Eater? What's the difference. and what to do about it?

Should kids be allowed to randomly snack?

Connecting with your kids at the family table: Social eaters are better eaters

How long is your lunch break? In France, it's two hours.

French Kids School Lunch Project

The amazing science behind the French approach to kids food

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Illustrations on this site are by the fabulous artist Sarah Jane Wright . Thanks Sarah Jane!

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Buspirone is an antidepressant used to treat anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobia. It can be also applied in other cases.

Dosage and direction

Take Buspar by mouth with a glass of water, with or without food. Avoid cutting, crushing or chewing this medicine. Do not take the medicine more often than it is prescribed. Do not give up taking it except on the advice of your doctor. It may need time for the medicine to help. Consult your doctor concerning proper dose for you.

Precautions Before taking Buspirone tell your doctor or chemist if you are allergic to it; or if you have other allergies. Inform your doctor or chemist if you have bipolar confusion, eye, liver or kidney problems. Avoid drinking alcohol as well as eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice while you are being treated with this medication. Aged people can be more sensitive to side effects of the medicine. During the pregnancy this treatment should be used only when strongly necessary. As this medicament can be absorbed by skin, women who are pregnant or may become pregnant should not manipulate this medicine.

Buspar should not be used by pregnant/nursing women or children as well as by the patients having demonstrated a reaction of hypersensitivity to Buspirone.

Possible side effect The most common side effects are fever, insomnia, tremor, anxiety, blurred vision, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. A very serious allergic reaction rarely occurs. Many people using this medicine do not have serious side effects. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details. In case you notice the effects not listed here, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Drug interaction Tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use before using this medication. Buspirone can interact with: * Alcohol; * Grapefruit, grapefruit juice, grapefruit extract; * Haloperidol; * Rifampicin. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Missed dose If you have missed your dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you see that it is near the time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take your dose twice.

Overdose If you think you have used too much of this medicine seek emergency medical attention right away. The symptoms of overdose usually include chest pain, nausea, irregular heartbeat, and feeling light-headed or fainting.

Storage Store your medicines at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store your drugs in the bathroom. Keep all drugs away from children and pets.

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Buspirone is an antidepressant used to treat anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobia. It can be also applied in other cases.

Dosage and direction

Take Buspar by mouth with a glass of water, with or without food. Avoid cutting, crushing or chewing this medicine. Do not take the medicine more often than it is prescribed. Do not give up taking it except on the advice of your doctor. It may need time for the medicine to help. Consult your doctor concerning proper dose for you.

Precautions Before taking Buspirone tell your doctor or chemist if you are allergic to it; or if you have other allergies. Inform your doctor or chemist if you have bipolar confusion, eye, liver or kidney problems. Avoid drinking alcohol as well as eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice while you are being treated with this medication. Aged people can be more sensitive to side effects of the medicine. During the pregnancy this treatment should be used only when strongly necessary. As this medicament can be absorbed by skin, women who are pregnant or may become pregnant should not manipulate this medicine.

Buspar should not be used by pregnant/nursing women or children as well as by the patients having demonstrated a reaction of hypersensitivity to Buspirone.

Possible side effect The most common side effects are fever, insomnia, tremor, anxiety, blurred vision, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. A very serious allergic reaction rarely occurs. Many people using this medicine do not have serious side effects. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details. In case you notice the effects not listed here, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Drug interaction Tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use before using this medication. Buspirone can interact with: * Alcohol; * Grapefruit, grapefruit juice, grapefruit extract; * Haloperidol; * Rifampicin. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Missed dose If you have missed your dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you see that it is near the time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take your dose twice.

Overdose If you think you have used too much of this medicine seek emergency medical attention right away. The symptoms of overdose usually include chest pain, nausea, irregular heartbeat, and feeling light-headed or fainting.

Storage Store your medicines at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store your drugs in the bathroom. Keep all drugs away from children and pets.

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Buspirone is an antidepressant used to treat anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobia. It can be also applied in other cases.

Dosage and direction

Take Buspar by mouth with a glass of water, with or without food. Avoid cutting, crushing or chewing this medicine. Do not take the medicine more often than it is prescribed. Do not give up taking it except on the advice of your doctor. It may need time for the medicine to help. Consult your doctor concerning proper dose for you.

Precautions Before taking Buspirone tell your doctor or chemist if you are allergic to it; or if you have other allergies. Inform your doctor or chemist if you have bipolar confusion, eye, liver or kidney problems. Avoid drinking alcohol as well as eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice while you are being treated with this medication. Aged people can be more sensitive to side effects of the medicine. During the pregnancy this treatment should be used only when strongly necessary. As this medicament can be absorbed by skin, women who are pregnant or may become pregnant should not manipulate this medicine.

Buspar should not be used by pregnant/nursing women or children as well as by the patients having demonstrated a reaction of hypersensitivity to Buspirone.

Possible side effect The most common side effects are fever, insomnia, tremor, anxiety, blurred vision, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. A very serious allergic reaction rarely occurs. Many people using this medicine do not have serious side effects. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details. In case you notice the effects not listed here, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Drug interaction Tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use before using this medication. Buspirone can interact with: * Alcohol; * Grapefruit, grapefruit juice, grapefruit extract; * Haloperidol; * Rifampicin. Turn to your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Missed dose If you have missed your dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you see that it is near the time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take your dose twice.

Overdose If you think you have used too much of this medicine seek emergency medical attention right away. The symptoms of overdose usually include chest pain, nausea, irregular heartbeat, and feeling light-headed or fainting.

Storage Store your medicines at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store your drugs in the bathroom. Keep all drugs away from children and pets.

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Cardiser Without Prescription, Cardiser

Welcome to RXBrandMeds. com

Thanks to Internet Technology you can now have access to affordable Cardiser without leaving the comfort of your home. A prior permission is NOT required but we do recommend you consult a physician before place Cardiser ordering. Order Cardiser drugs on Sale.

Q. What countries do you Cardiser ship to? A. RxBrandMeds. com ships Cardiser to all countries.

Q. Will my drugs be shipped in a discreet package? A. Yes! All goods, including Cardiser, are packaged discreetly. The Cardiser cannot be identified from the packaging. We do not include company logo's etc on the outside of the package.

Q. Are USA, Canada, UK and Europe within your shipping range? A. Yes. We can ship Cardiser anywhere in the world.

Q. When shall I receive my Cardiser order? A. We will ship Cardiser within 24 hours. Shipping using regular airmail takes between 7-14 days worldwide.

Q. What is a brand name drug Cardiser? A. A brand name drug Cardiser is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and is supplied by one company (the pharmaceutical manufacturer). The drug is protected by a patent and is marketed under the manufacturer's brand name.

Betakyl, Betakyl

Betaxolol

Click for further information on drug naming conventions and International Nonproprietary Names .

Important Notice: The Drugs. com international database is in BETA release. This means it is still under development and may contain inaccuracies. It is not intended as a substitute for the expertise and judgement of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that the use of any medication in any country is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any medication.

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We are a free monitoring service designed for patients like you who want to be in the driver seat of your medical treatment. We have a community of more than 2.6 million members and offer the services below.

Medication Information Personalized Risk Rating Easy to understand overview Serious Side Effects Printable Medication List

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Health condition information Easy to understand overview Commonly Used Medications

Safety checks Safety Alerts & Recalls Drug - Drug Interaction Drug - Condition Interaction

Research participation Option to participate in medical surveys & studies*

Betaxolol (Betaxolol)

What is your Risk Rating for this medicine?

The risk of serious side effects for taking this medicine can be different if you take other medicines or if you suffer from a condition. Get your Risk Rating by creating a profile in a few steps.

Benefits:

We monitor your health and alert you to any safety updates and recalls.

You get to talk directly to other members about their experience.

You can create profiles for you and your loved ones.

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Share your story! Tell us how MediGuard has helped you or someone you love. Download the MediGuard Mobile App to manage your prescription and over-the-counter medications, for free. Taking multiple medications puts you at risk for possible drug-drug interactions Monitor the medical treatment of you and your loved ones.

DISCLAIMER: MediGuard is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. MediGuard cannot and does not take into consideration every possible interaction or account for individual responses to medicine. Different individuals may respond to medication in different ways. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have before making any changes to your treatment. The use of the MediGuard site and its content is at your own risk. The MediGuard site and the information contained in it is intended for users in the United States and information in other countries may be different.

© Quintiles 2016

Nopucid - Proveedores, Fabricantes Y Distribuidores, Nopucid

Proveedores de Nopucid

Si usted desea saber quién vende, comercializa, distribuye u ofrece Nopucid o productos similares, a continuación le mostramos una lista de vendedores o comercializadores que son fabricantes (productores), exportadores, distribuidores y en general suplidores / proveedores de Nopucid. Para poder elegir mejor, en el listado puede ver de acuerdo a su ubicación donde comprar Nopucid, solicitar información, precios o una cotización a las empresas que venden, exportan, menejan, manufacturan, ofrecen o comercializan este producto.

Chemopharma. Somos un proveedor de Nopucid en.

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Trioxyl

A white to off white, sterile long acting suspension in an oily base containing 150 mg equivalent Amoxycillin as Amoxycillin Trihydrate B. P. per ml.

Indications for Use: Trioxyl LA is a broad spectrum bactericidal antibiotic, active against a wide range of gram positive and gram negative organisms including: Clostridium sp. Corynebacterium sp. Erysipelas sp. Fusiformis sp. Haemophilus sp. Pasteurella sp. Streptococci sp. Salmonella sp. Staphylococci. Specific Indications: Pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, abscesses, wounds, joint/navel ill. Species: Cattle, Sheep and Pigs.

Dosage and Administration:

Shake vial well before use. For deep intramuscular injection only. The recommended dose rate is 15mg per kg bodyweight i. e. 1 ml / 10 kg.

Dose (ml) / Bodyweight (kg)

Massage the injection site after administration. In adult cattle the volume should be divided between two injection sites. Therapeutic plasma levels are maintained for for 36 hours in pigs and 48 hours in cattle and sheep.

Contra-Indications and Warnings:

Not for intravenous administration. Occasional local reaction may occur. Occasional allergies to the penicillins have been observed but these are rare.

Recommended Withholding Period:

Milk should not be used for human consumption during treatment or for 5 days thereafter. Animals should not be slaughtered for human consumption during treatment or for 21 days thereafter.

Store in a cool place, below 25 ?C Do not freeze. Once a vial is broached, use the contents within 4 weeks. Avoid contamination during use. Keep out of reach of children. For animal treatment only. This product contains no preservative. Wash hands after use.

Optocetine 0, Optocetine

Optocetine 0.5 % Eye Drops Anti-infective

Composition: Each 10 ml contains. Chloramphenicol 0.05 gm

Properties: Optocetine 0.5 % eye drops contains chloramphenicol which is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent against many gram negative and gram positive organisms such as Staphylococcus aurous. Streptococci including Streptococcus pneumonia and Streptococcus haemolyticus. E. coli. Heamophilus influenza, Staphylococcus pneumonia. Klebsiella enterobacter spp. Moraxella lacunata. Morax-Axenfeld bacillus and Neisseria spp.

Indications & usage. Optocetine 0.5 % eye drops is used for treatment of superficial ocular infections due to strains of microorganisms susceptible to chloramphenicol including :- Conjunctivitis. Keratitis. Blepharitis. Endophthalmitis. Corneal ulcer.

Contra-indications: Hypersensitivity to chloramphenicol.

Sensitivity reactions such as transient stinging, itching and urticaria may occur in some patients.

Warnings & precautions: chloramphenicol should be used only in serious infections or when other drugs are ineffective or contraindicated. As with other antibacterial agents prolonged use may lead to overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms, if this occur, drug is to be stopped and appropriate measures should be taken. Hematopoietic sensitivity may rarely occur and is usually reversible on cessation of the drug. Rare cases of a plastic anemia have been reported with prolonged or frequent intermittent use of chloramphenicol. Dosage & administration. Apply 1 or 2 drops every 4-6 hours daily for the first 3 days depending upon the severity of condition. Intervals between applications can be increased after the first two days.

N. B. Therapy should be continued for 48 hours after healing.

Packing: A carton box containing self dropper plastic bottle of 10 ml solution.

Storage: Stored in refrigerator at (2-8) oc and bottle should not be used for more than 4 weeks after first opening .

Can’T Sleep Causes, Cures, And Treatments For Insomnia, Somnia

Can’t Sleep?

Causes, Cures, and Treatments for Insomnia

In This Article

Do you struggle to get to sleep no matter how tired you are? Or do you wake up in the middle of the night and lie awake for hours, anxiously watching the clock? Insomnia is a common problem that takes a toll on your energy, mood, health, and ability to function during the day. Chronic insomnia can even contribute to serious health problems. But you don’t have to resign yourself to sleepless nights. Simple changes to your lifestyle and daily habits can put a stop to insomnia—without the need for medication.

Can’t sleep? Understanding insomnia and its symptoms

Insomnia is the inability to get the amount of sleep you need to wake up feeling rested and refreshed. Because different people need different amounts of sleep, insomnia is defined by the quality of your sleep and how you feel after sleeping—not the number of hours you sleep or how quickly you doze off. Even if you’re spending eight hours a night in bed, if you feel drowsy and fatigued during the day, you may be experiencing insomnia.

Symptoms of insomnia can include:

Difficulty falling asleep despite being tired

Trouble getting back to sleep when waking up in the night

Waking up too early in the morning

Relying on sleeping pills or alcohol to fall asleep

Not feeling refreshed after sleep

Daytime drowsiness, fatigue, or irritability

Difficulty concentrating during the day

Causes of insomnia: Figuring out why you can’t sleep

In order to properly resolve your insomnia, you need to become a sleep detective. Emotional issues such as stress, anxiety, and depression cause about half of all insomnia cases. But your daytime habits, bedtime routine, and physical health can also play a major role.

Common causes of insomnia

Sometimes, insomnia only lasts a few days and goes away on its own, especially when the insomnia is tied to an obvious temporary cause, such as stress over an upcoming presentation or a painful breakup. Chronic insomnia, however, is usually tied to an underlying psychological or medical issue.

Psychological problems and emotional distress. Anxiety and depression are two of the most common causes of chronic insomnia. Other common emotional and psychological causes include chronic or significant life stress, anger, worry, grief, bipolar disorder, and trauma.

Medical problems or illness. Many medical conditions and diseases can contribute to insomnia, including asthma, allergies, Parkinson’s disease, hyperthyroidism, acid reflux, kidney disease, and cancer. Chronic pain is also a very common cause of insomnia.

Medications. Many prescription drugs can interfere with sleep, including antidepressants, stimulants for ADHD, corticosteroids, thyroid hormone, high blood pressure medications, and some contraceptives. Common over-the-counter culprits include cold and flu medications that contain alcohol, pain relievers that contain caffeine (Midol, Excedrin), diuretics, and slimming pills.

Sleep disorders. Insomnia is itself a sleep disorder, but it can also be a symptom of other sleep disorders, including sleep apnea. restless legs syndrome. and circadian rhythm disturbances tied to jet lag or late-night shift work.

Causes of insomnia you may overlook (and that are within your power to change!)

It’s important to identify all possible causes of your insomnia, including things you’re doing during the day or leading up to bedtime that interfere with quality sleep.

Is your sleep environment noisy, too bright, or not very comfortable?

Do you watch TV, play video games, or use a computer, tablet or smartphone in bed?

Do you drink caffeinated beverages (coffee, tea, soda) within eight hours of bed?

Do you keep an irregular sleep schedule?

Do you exercise or eat late in the evening?

Do you use alcohol to fall asleep?

Insomnia cures and treatments: Changing habits that disrupt sleep

If medical or emotional problems are contributing to your insomnia, treating them first is essential. But you also need to look at daytime habits and bedtime routines that contribute to sleeplessness.

Using a sleep diary to identify insomnia-inducing habits

Some habits are so ingrained that you may overlook them as a possible contributor to your insomnia. Maybe your Starbucks habit affects your sleep more than you realize. Or maybe you’ve never made the connection between your late-night TV viewing or Internet surfing and your sleep difficulties. Keeping a sleep diary is a helpful way to pinpoint habits and behaviors contributing to your insomnia.

Adopting new habits to help you sleep

Stick to a regular sleep schedule. Support your biological clock by going to bed and getting up at the same time every day, including weekends.

Avoid naps. Napping during the day can make it more difficult to sleep at night. If you feel like you have to take a nap, limit it to 30 minutes before 3 p. m.

Limit caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine. Stop drinking caffeinated beverages at least eight hours before bed. While alcohol can make you feel sleepy, it interferes with the quality of your sleep, and nicotine is a stimulant.

Avoid late meals. Try to avoid heavy, rich foods within two hours of bed. Fatty foods can take a lot of work for your stomach to digest and spicy or acidic foods can cause heartburn.

Get regular exercise. Regular exercise can improve the symptoms of insomnia, but it’s not a quick fix. It takes several months to feel the full effects. Aim for 30 minutes or more of activity on most days—but not too close to bedtime.

Develop a better bedtime routine

It’s not just what you do during the day that affects the quality of your sleep, but also those things you do to prepare your mind and body for sleep.

Make sure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and cool. Noise, light, and heat can interfere with sleep. Try using a sound machine or earplugs to hide outside noise, an open window or fan to keep the room cool, and blackout curtains or a sleep mask to block out light.

Avoid stimulating activity and stressful situations before bedtime. This includes vigorous exercise, big discussions or arguments, or catching up on work. Instead, focus on quiet, soothing activities, such as reading, knitting, or listening to soft music, while keeping lights low.

Turn off screens one hour before bedtime. The light emitted from TV, tablets, smartphones, and computers suppresses your body’s production of melatonin and can severely disrupt your sleep. Instead of emailing, texting, watching TV, or playing video games, try listening to a book on tape, a podcast, or reading by a soft light.

Coping with shift work

Working nights or irregular shifts can disrupt your sleep schedule. You may be able to limit the adverse impact with these tips:

Adjust your sleep-wake cycle by exposing yourself to bright light when you wake up at night, using bright lamps or daylight-simulation bulbs in your workplace, and then wearing dark glasses on your journey home to block out sunlight and encourage sleepiness.

Limit the number of night or irregular shifts you work in a row to prevent sleep deprivation mounting up.

Avoid frequently rotating shifts so you can maintain the same sleep schedule.

Eliminate noise and light from your bedroom during the day. Use blackout curtains or a sleep mask, turn off the phone, and use ear plugs or a soothing sound machine to block out daytime noise.

Insomnia cures and treatments: Neutralize sleep anxieties

The more trouble you have with sleep, the more it starts to invade your thoughts. You may dread going to sleep because you’re going to toss and turn for hours or be up at 2 a. m. again. Or maybe you’re worried because you have a big day tomorrow, and if you don’t get a solid eight hours, you’re sure to blow it. But agonizing about sleep only makes insomnia worse. Worrying floods your body with adrenaline, and before you know it, you’re wide-awake.

Learn to associate your bed with sleeping, not sleeplessness

Use the bedroom only for sleeping and sex . Don’t work, read, watch TV, or use your computer in bed or the bedroom. The goal is to associate the bedroom with sleep alone, so that your brain and body get a strong signal that it’s time to nod off when you get in bed.

Get out of bed when you can’t sleep. Don’t try to force yourself to sleep. Tossing and turning only amps up the anxiety. Get up, leave the bedroom, and do something relaxing, such as reading, drinking a warm cup of caffeine-free tea, taking a bath, or listening to soothing music. When you’re sleepy, go back to bed.

Move bedroom clocks out of view. Anxiously watching the minutes tick by when you can’t sleep—knowing that you’re going to be exhausted when the alarm goes off—is a surefire recipe for insomnia. You can use an alarm, but make sure you can’t see the time when you’re in bed.

It’s also helpful to challenge the negative attitudes about sleep and your insomnia problem that you’ve developed over time.

Challenging self-defeating thoughts that fuel insomnia

I don’t know what will happen tonight. Maybe I’ll get to sleep quickly if I use the strategies I’ve learned.

Insomnia cures and treatments: Tackle daytime stress and worries

Residual stress, worry, and anger from your day can make it difficult to fall asleep as night.

Get help with stress management . If the stress of managing work, family, or school is keeping you awake at night, learning how to handle stress in a productive way and to maintain a calm, positive outlook can help you sleep better at night.

Talk over your worries during the day with a friend or loved one. Talking face to face with someone who cares about you is a great way to relieve stress and stop you rehashing worries when it’s time to sleep. The person doesn’t need to be able to fix your problems, but just needs to be an attentive, nonjudgmental listener.

Harnessing your body's relaxation response

If you feel wound up much of the time and unable to let go of stress at the end of the day, you may benefit from relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing. Not only do relaxation techniques help you quiet your mind and relieve tension in the body, but they also help you fall asleep faster and get back to sleep more quickly if you wake up in the middle of the night. Some popular smartphone apps can help guide you through the different relaxation methods, or you can follow these techniques:

Abdominal breathing. Breathing deeply and fully, involving not only the chest, but also the belly, lower back, and ribcage, can help relaxation. Close your eyes and take deep, slow breaths, making each breath even deeper than the last. Breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth.

Progressive muscle relaxation. Make yourself comfortable. Starting with your feet, tense the muscles as tightly as you can. Hold for a count of 10, and then relax. Continue to do this for every muscle group in your body, working your way up from your feet to the top of your head.

Mindfulness meditation. Sit quietly and focus on your natural breathing and on the way your body feels in the moment. Allow thoughts and emotions to come and go without judgment, always returning to focus on breath and your body.

It takes regular practice to learn these techniques and harness their stress-relieving power. But the benefits can be huge. You can do them as part of your bedtime routine, when you are lying down preparing for sleep, and if you wake up in the middle of the night.

Insomnia cures and treatments: Getting back to sleep if you wake up

While it’s normal to wake briefly during the night, if you’re having trouble falling back to sleep, the following tips may help.

Stay out of your head. The key to getting back to sleep is continuing to cue your body for sleep. Hard as it may be, try not to stress over your inability to fall asleep again, because that only encourages your body to stay awake. A good way to stay out of your head is to focus on the feelings and sensations in your body or to practice breathing exercises. Take a breath in, then breathe out slowly while saying or thinking the word, “Ahhh.” Take another breath and repeat.

Make relaxation (not sleep) your goal. If you find it hard to fall back asleep, try a relaxation technique such as visualization, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation, which can be done without even getting out of bed. Remind yourself that although they’re not a replacement for sleep, rest and relaxation still help rejuvenate your body.

Do a quiet, non-stimulating activity. If you’ve been awake for more than 15 minutes, get out of bed and do a quiet, non-stimulating activity, such as reading a book. Keep the lights dim so as not to cue your body clock to wake up. Avoid using electronic screens of any kind as the light they emit stimulates the brain.

Postpone worrying and brainstorming. If you wake at night feeling anxious about something, make a brief note of it on paper and postpone worrying about it until the next day when it will be easier to resolve. Similarly, if a great idea is keeping you awake, make a note of it and postpone thinking more about it until morning.

Insomnia cures and treatments: Sleep aids and sleeping pills

When you’re tossing and turning at night, it can be tempting to pop a pill for relief. However, no sleeping pill will cure the underlying cause of your insomnia, and some can even make the problem worse in the long run.

Dietary supplements for insomnia

There are many herbal supplements marketed for their sleep-promoting effects. Some remedies, such as lemon balm or chamomile tea, are generally harmless, while others can have side effects and interfere with other medications and vitamins you’re taking.

Two supplements for insomnia that are considered to be safe and effective are melatonin and valerian.

Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that your body produces at night. Melatonin supplements may be effective for short-term use, especially in reducing jet lag. However, there are potential side effects, including next-day drowsiness.

Valerian is an herb with mild sedative effects that may help you sleep better. However, the quality of valerian supplements varies widely.

Over the counter (OTC) sleep aids

The main ingredient in over-the-counter (OTC) sleeping pills is an antihistamine, generally taken for allergies, hay fever, and cold symptoms. Sleep experts generally advise against their use because of side effects, questions about their effectiveness, and lack of information about their safety over the long term.

Prescription sleeping pills for insomnia

Prescription sleep medications may provide temporary relief, but can have serious side effects and make insomnia worse in the long run. It’s best to use medication only as a last resort, and then, only on a very limited, as-needed basis. Evidence shows that lifestyle and behavioral changes make the largest and most lasting difference when it comes to insomnia.

When to seek professional insomnia treatment

If you’ve tried the insomnia self-help strategies above and are still having trouble getting the sleep you need, a doctor or sleep disorder specialist may be able to help. Seek professional help for insomnia if:

Your insomnia doesn’t respond to self-help

Your insomnia is causing major problems at home, work, or school

You’re experiencing scary symptoms like chest pain or shortness of breath

Your insomnia occurs almost every night and is getting worse

Bring a sleep diary with you. Your doctor may be able to diagnose an illness or sleep disorder that's causing your insomnia, or refer you to a sleep specialist or cognitive behavioral therapist.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for insomnia

CBT is aimed at breaking the cycle of insomnia. Poor sleep tends to lead to stress and anxious thoughts about not being able to sleep. This in turn leads to stress and tension, which leads to poor sleeping habits, such as the use of sleeping pills. This leads to worsening insomnia and so on.

The Vicious Cycle of Insomnia

In addition to improving sleep habits, CBT is aimed at changing thoughts and feelings about sleep that may be causing stress and contributing to your insomnia. A therapist may also recommend sleep restriction therapy, whereby you initially shorten your sleep time. The idea is that by limiting the time you spend in bed to the number of hours you actually sleep, say from 1 a. m. to 6 a. m. you'll spend less time awake and more time asleep. As your sleep efficiency increases you'll gradually start going to bed earlier and getting up later until you reach your optimum sleep schedule.

If stress and worry are making your sleep problem worse, FEELING LOVED can help.

Cyclotron - Definition Of Cyclotron By The Free Dictionary, Cyclutrin

cyclotron

cy·clo·tron

A circular particle accelerator in which charged subatomic particles generated at a central source are accelerated spirally outward in a plane perpendicular to a fixed magnetic field by an alternating electric field. A cyclotron is capable of generating particle energies between a few million and several tens of millions of electron volts.

cyclotron

(Atomic Physics) a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes

cy•clo•tron

(ˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, ˈsɪk lə-)

an accelerator in which particles move in spiral paths in a magnetic field.

An alternating electric field attracts the particles from one side of the cyclotron to the other. The cyclotron's magnetic field, generated by the two electromagnets, bends each particle's path into a horizontal spiral, forcing it to accelerate in order to keep up with the alternating electric field. When the particle reaches its peak acceleration it is released to collide with the desired target.

cy·clo·tron

A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator .

Thesaurus Antonyms Related Words Synonyms Legend:

Clonidine - Side Effects, Dosage, Interactions, Clonidina

Clonidine

Clonidine is the generic name of Catapres, a medication used to treat high blood pressure .

Clonidine works by slowing down your heart rate and relaxing blood vessels. You can take clonidine alone or in combination with other medications to lower blood pressure.

Clonidine is in a class of medications called centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agents.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved clonidine in 1974 for the drug company Boehringer Ingelheim under the brand name Catapres.

The FDA approved generic forms of clonidine in 2009 for several drug companies. Kapvay is another brand name for clonidine.

According to the National Institutes of Health, Consumer Reports and other sources, it's not uncommon for doctors to prescribe clonidine to treat other conditions, including:

Painful menstrual periods

Tourette's syndrome

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Hot flashes from menopause

Smoking cessation

Withdrawal, or detox, from addiction to opioid narcotic drugs (heroin and morphine, for example)

Alcohol abuse or alcoholism

Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

Diabetes-linked diarrhea

Severe cancer pain (in combination with other drugs)

Research published in January 2014 in The Cochrane Library also found that giving children clonidine before surgery could help ease pain after an operation.

However, the potential use of clonidine for post-surgical pain relief requires more research.

Clonidine 'High' and Abuse

According to a 2014 report published in the Journal of Addiction Medicine. clonidine is often abused in combination with opioid narcotics such as methadone, codeine, or heroin.

The authors of the report wrote, "Clonidine reportedly boosts and extends the opioid-related 'high' and reduces the amount of psychoactive drug needed. Clonidine may be easier to acquire than some other drugs of abuse due to limited awareness of its abuse potential and low cost."

Signs of a clonidine addiction or abuse may include any of the following:

An inability to control the use of clonidine

Ignoring your duties at home, work, or school due to clonidine use

Using clonidine despite physical or mental health issues

Increased tolerance, or needing larger amounts of clonidine to feel its effects

Having withdrawal symptoms when you stop using clonidine, or using the drug to avoid withdrawal symptoms

Clonidine Withdrawal

It's dangerous to stop taking clonidine suddenly because that can cause a dangerous withdrawal reaction.

Symptoms of clonidine withdrawal can include:

Nervousness

Headache

Tremor or shaking

A rapid rise in blood pressure

You may be at higher risk for a rise in blood pressure if you are taking clonidine in large doses or if you are taking it along with another blood pressure medication called a beta-blocker .

In rare cases, this reaction can be fatal.

Don't stop taking clonidine on your own. If you need to stop taking clonidine, your doctor will advise you about how to gradually reduce your dose over several days.

Clonidine Warnings

Always tell your doctor if you have allergies to any medications.

Talk to your doctor about the danger of stopping clonidine suddenly, especially if you have any upcoming surgical procedures.

Most likely you will continue to take clonidine until just before surgery, and start up again soon after surgery. Doctors should monitor your blood pressure carefully during surgery.

Use clonidine cautiously if you have a history of heart problems or stroke. and make sure doctor is aware you have had these conditions.

Your doctor will also want to know, before starting you on clonidine, if you have any of these other conditions:

Heart disease

Previous heart attack

Previous stroke

A heart rhythm abnormality such as atrial fibrillation (afib) or ventricular fibrillation (vfib)

Kidney disease

Clonidine and Pregnancy

If you're a woman, let your doctor know if you are or could be pregnant or if you're breastfeeding.

There's not enough evidence to determine whether clonidine is safe to take during pregnancy, but experts do know that clonidine passes into breast milk.

If you become pregnant while taking clonidine, let your doctor know right away. Also, ask your doctor about breastfeeding before taking clonidine.

Children younger than 12 should not take clonidine.

Clonidine comes in tablets of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 milligrams (mg), and your doctor will try to find the lowest dose of clonidine that works for you.

You usually take clonidine twice a day at about the same times. A typical dose schedule for an adult with high blood pressure is 0.1 mg taken in the morning and at bedtime.

Your doctor may increase your dose by 0.1 mg each week until you have a good response. In most cases, a daily dose will end up between 0.2 and 0.6 mg given in divided doses.

People older than 65 and those with kidney disease may need to take lower doses of clonidine.

Clonidine Overdose

Symptoms of a clonidine overdose may include:

High blood pressure followed by low blood pressure

Difficulty breathing

Low body temperature

Drowsiness

Weakness

Irritability

Symptoms usually occur within 30 minutes of an overdose, and children are much more likely to have symptoms of an overdose than adults.

A large overdose can cause abnormal heart rhythms, inability to breathe, seizure, and coma.

If you think you or someone else have taken an overdose of clonidine, call a poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 or call 911.

Missed Dose of Clonidine

Take clonidine exactly as directed by your doctor. Don't take more or less.

If you miss a dose of clonidine, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it's almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule.

Don't double your dose to make up for the missed one.

Q: My 13-year-old's doctor wants to start him on clonidine for sleep. He was on melatonin for three years. As a parent I have some concerns with this. I would really appreciate any feedback.

A: Clonidine (Catapres) is sometimes used to treat insomnia or sleep problems in children with attention deficit disorder (ADD/ADHD) or autistic spectrum disorders. Common side effects include dry mouth, headache, nausea, constipation, and fatigue. Serious side effects include allergic reactions, slowed heart rate, and changes in blood pressure. You should share your concerns with your son's doctor, and ask about appropriate monitoring for these side effects if your son takes clonidine. You can find more information on clonidine here: http://www. everydayhealth. com/drugs/clonidine.

Q: Is clonidine safe as a long term medication?

A: The package insert for clonidine does not recommend a limit on the amount of time that clonidine should be used. There is evidence in the medical literature that clonidine, when used long-term, is safe, effective, and well tolerated. This information is solely educational. It is important for patients to consult their physician or healthcare provider about any specific question regarding their medical conditions or medications; particularly before taking any action. Derek Dore, PharmD

Q: Why does the drug clonidine seem to be the drug of choice by doctors in eastern Kentucky?

A: Clonidine lowers blood pressure by decreasing the levels of certain chemicals in your blood. This allows your blood vessels (veins and arteries) to relax (widen) and your heart to beat more slowly and easily. Clonidine is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Consult your healthcare provider for specific information about the prescribing practices in your area. Sarah Lewis, PharmD

Q: I have high blood pressure and am taking Catapres TTS-2 Patch. I've noticed mild swelling in my feet and ankles. Could this be related to the Catapres?

A: It is possible that the swelling is related to taking Catapres TTS (clonidine transdermal). However, swelling in the feet and ankles is not listed as a common reaction or side effect to this medication. Side effects are patient-specific and often dose-related. Please check with your physician if the condition persists.

Q: If I miss my dosage of clonidine at night, the next day I am extremely nauseated and dizzy. Is this normal?

A: Clonidine (Catapress) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of hypertension. Clonidine has also been prescribed to treat opiate withdrawal symptoms and attention deficit syndrome in children. A search of the prescribing literature for clonidine lists dizziness as a common side effect and nausea and vomiting as less frequent side effects. For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. Consuelo Worley, RPh

Q: Does clonidine cause weight gain?

A: Drugs can cause weight gain in several different ways. Some can increase appetite or make you crave certain types of foods like those high in carbohydrates or fat. Other medications may slow down metabolism or cause fluid retention. However, the effect of prescription drugs on body weight is complex. Some drugs have no effect on weight, while others cause weight gain or weight loss. Also, the same medications can cause weight gain in certain individuals and weight loss in others. There are also drugs that initially cause weight loss and then lead to weight gain with long-term use. Most prescription medications associated with changes in body weight affect the central nervous system. These include antidepressants like monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Mood stabilizers (lithium, valproic acid), antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants have also been linked with weight gain. Other drugs that have been reported to cause weight gain include diabetes medications (insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones), antihypertensive drugs, certain hormonal contraceptives, corticosteroids, antihistamines, some chemotherapy regimens, and antiretroviral protease inhibitors. Catapres (clonidine) is a medication that is used in the treatment of high blood pressure. The most common side effects with clonidine are dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, sedation, low blood pressure, weakness, and nausea. A search of the prescribing information did not specifically list weight gain as a side effect. This is not a complete list of the side effects associated with clonidine. For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. If you think a drug you are taking is causing weight gain, tell your health care provider. Do not stop any medication or change the dose without first talking to your provider. Megan Uehara, PharmD

Q: Dealing with diabetes and trying to get my numbers down, I took atenolol for 14 yrs at bedtime for blood pressure. Now instead I'm on clonidine. My numbers for blood sugar are high in the morning. Recently, I took 1/2 of a pill at night. My numbers are a little lower in the morning, about 50 pts lower. Does clonidine affect blood sugar levels?

A: I have reviewed your question regarding Tenormin (atenolol), Catapres (clonidine) and your blood glucose levels. I can find nothing in the available literature to indicate that Catapres (clonidine) will alter your blood glucose level. You may find the information on Everyday Health under the Diabetes Center useful: http://www. everydayhealth. com/diabetes/index. aspx For immediate questions or concerns, please contact your physician or health care provider. Joseph Hall, RPh

Q: How does clonidine help people quit smoking?

A: Clonidine (Catapress) is a blood pressure medication that has been studied as a second line agent for smoking cessation. In clinical studies, Clonidine along with behavioral therapy was effective at decreasing irritability symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and nicotine cravings in heavy smokers. The Clonidine patch was more effective than the oral tablets in decreasing these withdrawal symptoms and nicotine cravings. However, the exact mechanism by which clonidine decreases irritability, anxiety, and the nicotine cravings in unknown. Clonidine has also been effective in managing withdrawal symptoms in the treatment of alcoholism and opiate dependency. Clonidine has many side effects which limit its use in smoking cessation. These side effects include dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, sudden drops in blood pressure and skin irritation. Consuelo Worley, RPH

Q: I was prescribed clonidine for high blood pressure a week ago. Now, my mouth is dry and all food has a strange, somewhat sour, taste. Will this diminish over time or will it continue, as it seems to get worse each day?

A: One of the common negative responses for Catapres (clonidine) has been reports of a dry mouth. According to the prescribing information for clonidine, taking the larger portion of the daily dose at night may help minimize the dry mouth and drowsiness experienced. However, do not change how you take the medication, without first consulting your health care provider. Taste alteration was not listed in the prescribing information as a possible side effect. If your reactions do not improve in the near future, you may want to let your doctor know, as there are many different medications used to approach the management of hypertension (high blood pressure). You or your doctor are also encouraged to report your reactions to the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) at 1-800-FDA-1088. Catapres (clonidine) is an alpha-blocker that is not used as often anymore, but can be an excellent choice in some cases. Other options may include the diuretic "water pills," such as Lasix (furosemide) or HCTZ (hydrochlorothiazide); the calcium channel blockers, such as Norvasc (amlodipine); beta-blockers, such as Lopressor (metoprolol); and ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors or ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers), such as Zestril/Prinivil (lisinopril) or Cozaar (losartan). Sometimes medications from more than one of these groups are used as well to control the blood pressure. Everyone reacts differently to medications, so it is important that you work with your doctor to find the best option available for your specific circumstances. Patti Brown, PharmD

By Chris Iliades, MD, and Mary Elizabeth Dallas | Medically Reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH

Latest Update: 2014-07-23

What Does Ranid Mean Definition And Meaning (Free English Language Dictionary), Ranid

RANID

Nouns denoting animals

Hypernyms ("ranid" is a kind of. ):

anuran ; batrachian ; frog ; salientian ; toad ; toad frog (any of various tailless stout-bodied amphibians with long hind limbs for leaping; semiaquatic and terrestrial species)

Meronyms (parts of "ranid"):

frog legs (hind legs of frogs used as food; resemble chicken and cooked as chicken)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "ranid"):

goliath frog ; Rana goliath (largest living frog; up to a foot and weighing up to 10 lbs; Africa)

cascades frog ; Rana cascadae (mountain frog found near water; of United States northwest to California)

green frog ; Rana clamitans ; spring frog (similar to bullfrog; found in or near marshes and ponds; of United States and Canada)

bullfrog ; Rana catesbeiana (largest North American frog; highly aquatic with a deep-pitched voice)

leopard frog ; Rana pipiens ; spring frog (common North American green or brownish frog having white-edged dark oval spots)

Rana sylvatica ; wood frog ; wood-frog (wide-ranging light-brown frog of moist North American woodlands especially spruce)

Holonyms ("ranid" is a member of. ):

family Ranidae ; Ranidae (a family nearly cosmopolitan in distribution: true frogs)

Learn English with. Proverbs of the week

"Every cloud has a silver lining." (English proverb)

"Time is gold." (Albanian proverb)

"If you had an opinion you better be determined." (Arabic proverb)

"He who wins the first hand, leaves with only his pants in hand." (Corsican proverb)

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For the treatment of major depressive disorder.

Promyrtil Mechanism Of Action:

Promyrtil acts as an antagonist at central pre-synaptic alpha(2)-receptors, inhibiting negative feedback to the presynaptic nerve and causing an increase in NE release. Blockade of heteroreceptors, alpha(2)-receptors contained in serotenergic neurons, enhances the release of 5-HT, increasing the interactions between 5-HT and 5-HT 1 receptors and contributing to the anxiolytic effects of mirtazapine. Promyrtil also acts as a weak antagonist at 5-HT 1 receptors and as a potent antagonist at 5-HT 2 (particularly subtypes 2A and 2C) and 5-HT 3 receptors. Blockade of these receptors may explain the lower incidence of adverse effects such as anxiety, insomnia, and nausea. Promyrtil also exhibits significant antagonism at H1-receptors, resulting in sedation. Promyrtil has no effects on the reuptake of either NE or 5-HT and has only minimal activity at dopaminergic and muscarinic receptors.

Promyrtil Drug Interactions:

Clonidine Possible hypertensive crisis Tranylcypromine Possible severe adverse reaction with this combination Rasagiline Possible severe adverse reaction with this combination Phenelzine Possible severe adverse reaction with this combination Isocarboxazid Possible severe adverse reaction with this combination Donepezil Possible antagonism of action Galantamine Possible antagonism of action Rivastigmine Possible antagonism of action Ethotoin The hydantoins may reduce mirtazapine plasma concentrations and pharmacological effects Fosphenytoin The hydantoins may reduce mirtazapine plasma concentrations and pharmacological effects Mephenytoin The hydantoins may reduce mirtazapine plasma concentrations and pharmacological effects Phenytoin The hydantoins may reduce mirtazapine plasma concentrations and pharmacological effects Fluvoxamine Fluvoxamine increases the effect and toxicity of mirtazapine

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Promyrtil Chemical Formula:

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Product Description Common use Biaxin belongs to a group of macrolide antibiotics, which inhibit bacterial synthesis of protein. This action is mainly bacteriostatic, but can also be bactericidal. Macrolides tend to accumulate within leukocytes, and are transported into the site of infection. Biaxin is effective against Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, mycobacterium avium, and many others so it is used to treat many kinds of bacterial infections of skin and respiratory system, stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.

Dosage and directions Biaxin tablets should be taken with or without food with a big glass of water. Swallow the pill whole. Do not take more of the medication than it was recommended to you. Continue to take the drug even if symptoms of your illness became less pronounced and you feel fine. Biaxin is usually given from 7 to 14 days or longer when stomach ulcers are treated.

Precautions Do not use this drug if you are allergic to erythromycin and any of its derivatives or related macrolide antibiotics. If you have diseases of liver or kidneys, mineral dis-balance (low levels of potassium or magnesium), certain heart disease, arrhythmias, discuss it with your doctor before taking Bizxin. This mediation is not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Contraindications Biaxin cannot be administered in patients with a known hypersensitivity to clarithromycin, erythromycin, or any of the macrolide antibiotics.

Possible side effects If you have such signs of allergic reaction as hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat or more serious signs of poor health as uneven heartbeats, chest pain, nausea, stomach pain, low fever, problems with hearing contact your doctor or pharmacist or seek for immediate medical help.

Biaxin may interact with cisapride, pimozide, ergot medicines and result in life-threatening heart rhythm disorders.

Never take a double dose of this medication. If it is almost time for the next dose just skip the missed portion and continue to take the medicine according to the schedule.

Signs of overdose may be: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. If you suppose that you took too much of Biaxin contact your doctor for help.

Store at room temperature between 59-77 degrees F (15-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture, kids and pets.

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care advisor or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim all responsibility for the reliability of this information. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Glucotrol Xl, Singloben

Glipizide is used to treat type 2 of diabetes and belongs to sulfonylurea class of drugs together with glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta), tolbutamide (Orinase) and tolazamide (Tolinase). It stimulates insulin secretion by beta-cells of pancreas.

Dosage and direction Do not change your dose of Glipizide without first talking to your doctor. A starting dose for immediate release tablets is 5 mg which should be taken 30 minutes before a meal. The maximum dose is 40 mg daily. Maximum dose of extended release tablets should not exceed 20 mg daily. Take it with a full glass of water before a meal. The best result of treatment is achieved when this medication is taken on a regular basis.

Precautions Treatment with Glipizide may increase the risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages as it lowers blood sugar. Do not chew, divide, or crush extended release tablets of Glipizide, swallow them whole.

Contraindications Hypersensitivity, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (juvenile diabetes, diabetes, accompanied by ketoacidosis or precoma) severe kidney or liver failure, stenosis of the gastrointestinal tract, infancy.

Besides signs of allergy (hives, rash, swelling of face and tongue) in some patients other symptoms are described: headache, dizziness, diarrhea, gas, hepatitis, jaundice, and a low sodium concentration.

Drug interaction Alcohol delays effects of Glipizide by slowing its absorption. Glipizide should be administered 1-2 hours before cholestyramine as the latter affects its absorption. Fluconazole (Diflucan) increases absorption and effectiveness of Glipizide. Medications which lower and rise blood sugar are able to change Glipizide effect: aspirin or another salicylate, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfa-based drugs such as sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Bactrim, Septra), MAO - inhibitors, beta-blockers such as propranolol (Inderal), thiazide diuretics, steroid medicines such as prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone),estrogens, corticosteroids, thyroid medicines, phenothiazines such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), niacin, phenytoin, and calcium channel blocking drugs.

Missed dose If you forgot to take your dose in time, please do it as soon as you remember. But do not take if it is too late or time for your next dose is in a short while. Do not take double doses of this medication or extra doses of it. Take your usual dose next day in the same regular time.

Overdose Symptoms of Glipizide overdose are ones of low blood sugar: hunger, nausea, anxiety, cold sweats, weakness, drowsiness, unconsciousness, and coma. If you experience one of them or any unusual symptoms call your doctor immediately.

Storage Store at room temperature between 20-25 C (68-77 F). Store away from moisture, heat, and sunlight. It is not recommended to store in a bathroom and places available for children.

Disclaimer We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information on the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Selobloc Generic Name Atenolol Online, Selobloc

Selobloc General Information

Selobloc - Pharmacology:

Like metoprolol, atenolol competes with sympathomimetic neurotransmitters such as catecholamines for binding at beta(1)-adrenergic receptors in the heart and vascular smooth muscle, inhibiting sympathetic stimulation. This results in a reduction in resting heart rate, cardiac output, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and reflex orthostatic hypotension. Higher doses of atenolol also competitively block beta(2)-adrenergic responses in the bronchial and vascular smooth muscles.

Selobloc for patients

This belongs to the group of medicines known as beta-blockers. Selobloc can be used to treat high blood pressure, angina (chest pain) and irregular heartbeat. It has varied effects in different parts of the body. High Blood Pressure: Selobloc works by blocking the transmission of messages to the beta receptors in the heart which slows down the activity of the heart, decreasing blood pressure. Angina: Selobloc works by blocking the transmission of messages to the beta receptors in the heart which slows down the activity of the heart and reduces the hearts need for oxygen. This makes angina attacks less likely to occur. Irregular Heartbeat: Normally the heartbeat is regulated by special tissues which conduct electricity. Some cases of irregular heartbeat are caused by these tissues conducting electricity too quickly. Selobloc works by reducing over-activity in the conducting tissue.

This description is suitable for active ingredient Atenolol

Selobloc Interactions

Catecholamine-depleting drugs (eg, reserpine) may have an additive effect when given with beta-blocking agents. Patients treated with TENORMIN plus a catecholamine depletor should therefore be closely observed for evidence of hypotension and/or marked bradycardia which may produce vertigo, syncope, or postural hypotension.

Calcium channel blockers may also have an additive effect when given with TENORMIN .

Beta blockers may exacerbate the rebound hypertension which can follow the withdrawal of clonidine. If the two drugs are coadministered, the beta blocker should be withdrawn several days before the gradual withdrawal of clonidine. If replacing clonidine by beta-blocker therapy, the introduction of beta blockers should be delayed for several days after clonidine administration has stopped.

Concomitant use of prostaglandin synthase inhibiting drugs, eg, indomethacin, may decrease the hypotensive effects of beta blockers.

Information on concurrent usage of atenolol and aspirin is limited. Data from several studies, ie, TIMI-II, ISIS-2, currently do not suggest any clinical interaction between aspirin and beta blockers in the acute myocardial infarction setting.

While taking beta blockers, patients with a history of anaphylactic reaction to a variety of allergens may have a more severe reaction on repeated challenge, either accidental, diagnostic or therapeutic. Such patients may be unresponsive to the usual doses of epinephrine used to treat the allergic reaction.

Selobloc Contraindications

TENORMIN is contraindicated in sinus bradycardia, heart block greater than first degree, cardiogenic shock, and overt cardiac failure.

TENORMIN is contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to the atenolol or any of the drug productis components.

This description is suitable for active ingredient Atenolol

Generic name, Overdose, Half Life Selobloc, Food Interactions, Chemical, etc..

Selobloc see also

Cabergoline Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings - Dosing, Cabergolinum

cabergoline

Uses

This medication is used to treat high levels of prolactin hormone in your body. High levels of prolactin in women can cause symptoms such as unwanted breast milk and missed periods and can cause difficulty becoming pregnant. High levels of prolactin in men can cause symptoms such as enlarged breasts and decreased sexual ability/desire. Cabergoline is an ergot medication and works by blocking the release of prolactin from the pituitary gland.

How to use cabergoline

Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually twice a week or as directed by your doctor.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment (prolactin levels). Your doctor will start you at a low dose and slowly increase your dose over several months to help decrease side effects. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.

Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, mark the days on the calendar when you need to take the medication.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Side Effects

Nausea. vomiting. stomach upset, constipation. dizziness. lightheadedness, or tiredness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: shortness of breath, persistent cough. swelling ankles /feet, unusual tiredness, mental/mood changes (such as nervousness), unusual strong urges (such as increased gambling, increased sexual urges), vision changes, painful menses, breast pain .

Get medical help right away if you have any serious side effects, including: chest pain. signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine, lower back/flank pain).

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction. including: rash. itching /swelling (especially of the face/tongue /throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing .

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www. fda. gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before taking cabergoline, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other ergot medications (such as ergotamine ); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, high blood pressure (hypertension ), heart valve disease, abnormal scarring/thickening of the lining in the lungs /heart /behind the abdomen (pulmonary/pericardial/retroperitoneal fibrosis ).

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. However, this medication may affect breast milk production. Therefore, breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Other medications can affect the removal of cabergoline from your body, which may affect how cabergoline works. Examples include certain azole antifungals (such as itraconazole. ketoconazole. posaconazole), cobicistat, macrolide antibiotics (such as clarithromycin. erythromycin ), HIV protease inhibitors (such as ritonavir. saquinavir ), among others.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include severe dizziness, fainting, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations).

Notes

Do not share this medication with others.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as prolactin levels, EKG) should be performed before starting and while you are taking this medication to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Information last revised April 2016. Copyright(c) 2016 First Databank, Inc.

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Ranital Forte (Ranitidine Hydrochloride Tablet) Drug, Ranital

Ranital Forte

This leaflet answers some common questions about Ranital ® Forte.

It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine.

You may need to read it again.

WHAT RANITAL ® FORTE IS USED FOR

This medicine is used to relieve the symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux such as heartburn and acid indigestion. This can be caused by "washing back" (reflux) of food and acid from the stomach into the food pipe, also known as the oesophagus.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux can cause a burning sensation in the chest rising up to the throat, also known as heartburn, as well as an unsettled stomach.

It contains the active ingredient ranitidine hydrochloride.

Ranitidine belongs to a group of medicines called H2-antagonists or H2-blockers.

It works by decreasing the amount of acid made by the stomach. This acid usually helps with the digestion of food, but an excess of this acid can result in gastro-oesophageal reflux.

Unlike antacid medications that work by neutralising the acidic content in the stomach, and only work for a few hours, Ranital ® Forte reduces the pain and relieves the symptoms of heartburn and indigestion by reducing acid production for up to 24 hours. This means that Ranital ® Forte works by preventing the excess acid problem, and also provides long lasting relief.

Ranital ® Forte is intended for use in patients who routinely require two ranitidine 150mg tablets for the relief of their symptoms.

There is no evidence that Ranital ® Forte is addictive.

BEFORE YOU TAKE RANITAL ® FORTE

When you must not take it

Do not take this medicine if you have an allergy to:

ranitidine, the active ingredient, or any of the other ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet under Product Description

any other similar medicines such as medicines for ulcer or reflux.

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:

shortness of breath

wheezing or difficulty breathing

swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body

rash, itching or hives on the skin.

Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.

If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.

Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:

kidney or liver problems

acute porphyria, an inherited blood condition

are over 40 years of age, and it is the first time you have experienced symptoms of reflux or indigestion, or that these symptoms have recently changed

peptic, duodenal, or stomach ulcer

symptoms like vomiting, diarrhoea, passage of blood, "coffee grounds" like substance in vomit or faeces, or unintended weight loss

any condition where your immune system may be affected

other medical conditions.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.

It may affect your developing baby if you take it during pregnancy.

The active ingredient in Ranital ® Forte passes into breast milk and there is a possibility that your baby may be affected.

Your doctor can discuss with you the risks and benefits involved.

There is not enough information to recommend the use of this medicine for children under the age of twelve years.

Do not use this medicine without consulting your child's doctor first.

If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking Ranital ® Forte.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines and Ranital ® Forte may interfere with each other. These include:

warfarin, a medicine used to prevent blood clots

triazolam and midazolam, medicines used as sedatives

ketoconazole, an anti-fungal

atazanavir and delaviridine, medicines used to treat HIV

glipizide, a medicine used for diabetes

gefitinib, a medicine used in the treatment of cancer

sucralfate, another medicine used to treat reflux and ulcers.

These medicines may be affected by Ranital ® Forte, or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicines, or you may need to take different medicines.

Your doctor or pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.

skin troubles such as rash (red spots), itching, skin lumps or hives

signs of frequent infections such as fever, chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers

bleeding or bruising more easily than normal.

The above list includes serious side effects that may require urgent medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.

If any of the following happen, stop taking Ranital ® Forte and tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:

swelling of the limbs, eyelids, face, lips, mouth or throat which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing, itchy rash or hives. These are the symptoms of an allergic reaction

severe upper stomach pain together with nausea and vomiting

chest pain, unusual heart beat (fast, slow or irregular).

The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. These side effects are rare.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell.

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.

AFTER TAKING RANITAL ® FORTE

Storage

Keep your medicine in the original container.

If you take it out of its original container it may not keep well.

Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C. Protect from light.

Do not store Ranital ® Forte or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car.

Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Keep it where children cannot reach it.

A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Disposal

If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

What it looks like

Ranital ® Forte 300mg - yellow, oblong, film-coated tablets, scored on one side.

Available in blisters of 7 and 14 tablets.

Tretinoin Medlineplus Drug Information, Tretinoina

Tretinoin

Tretinoin may cause severe side effects. Tretinoin should be given only under the supervision of a doctor who has experience in treating people who have leukemia (cancer of the white blood cells) and in a hospital where patients can be monitored for severe side effects and treated if these side effects occur.

Tretinoin may cause a serious or life-threatening group of symptoms called retinoic acid-APL(RA-APL) syndrome. Your doctor will monitor you carefully to see whether you are developing this syndrome. If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately: fever; weight gain; swelling of the arms, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs; shortness of breath; labored breathing; wheezing; chest pain; or cough. At the first sign that you are developing RA-APL syndrome, your doctor will prescribe one or more medications to treat the syndrome.

Tretinoin may cause a rapid increase in the number of white blood cells in the body. This is associated with a higher risk of life-threatening side effects. If you have a very high number of white blood cells before you begin tretinoin treatment, or if you have an increase in the number of white blood cells during your treatment with tretinoin, expecially if you experience any of the symptoms of RA-APL syndrome, your doctor may prescribe one or more medications to treat or prevent the increase in white blood cells.

Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain tests to check your body's response to tretinoin.

Talk to your doctor about the risk(s) of taking tretinoin.

For female patients:

Tretinoin must not be taken by patients who are pregnant or who may become pregnant. There is a high risk that tretinoin will cause the baby to be born with birth defects (physical problems that are present at birth).

If you can become pregnant, you will need to avoid pregnancy during your treatment with tretinoin. You must use two acceptable forms of birth control during your treatment and for 1 month after your treatment, even if you have infertility (difficulty becoming pregnant) or have experienced menopause ('change of life'; end of monthly menstrual periods). You must use these two forms of birth control at all times unless you can promise that you will not have any sexual contact with a male for 1 month after your treatment. Your doctor will tell you which forms of birth control are acceptable, and will give you full information about birth control.

If you plan to use oral contraceptives (birth control pills) while taking tretinoin, tell your doctor the name of the pill you will use. Microdosed progestin ('minipill') oral contraceptives (Ovrette, Micronor, Nor-D) may not be an effective form of birth control for people who are taking tretinoin.

You must have a negative pregnancy test within 1 week before you begin to take tretinoin. You will also need to be tested for pregnancy in a laboratory each month during your treatment. Tell your doctor immediately if you think you might be pregnant at any time during your treatment with tretinoin.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Tretinoin is used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL; a type of cancer in which there are too many immature blood cells in the blood and bone marrow) in people who have not been helped by other types of chemotherapy or whose condition has improved but then worsened following treatment with other types of chemotherapy. Tretinoin is used to produce remission (a decrease or disappearance of signs and symptoms of cancer) of APL, but other medications must be used after treatment with tretinoin to prevent the cancer from returning. Tretinoin is in a class of medications called retinoids. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells by causing immature blood cells to develop into normal blood cells.

How should this medicine be used?

Tretinoin comes as a capsule to take by mouth. It is usually taken twice a day for up to 90 days. Take tretinoin at around the same times every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take tretinoin exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Continue to take tretinoin even if you feel well. Do not stop taking tretinoin without talking to your doctor.

Other uses for this medicine

This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before taking tretinoin,

tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to tretinoin, other retinoids such as acitretin (Soriatane), etretinate (Tegison), bexarotene, or isotretinoin (Accutane, Claravis, Sotret), any other medications, parabens (a preservative), or any of the other ingredients in tretinoin capsules. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.

tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention any of the following: aminocaproic acid (Amicar); certain calcium channel blockers such as diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac, others) and verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan); cimetidine (Tagamet); cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Gengraf, Neoral); erythromycin (E. E.S. Erythrocin, E-Mycin); hydroxyurea (Droxia); ketoconazole (Nizoral); pentobarbital; phenobarbital; rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane);oral steroids such as dexamethasone (Decadron, Dexone), methylprednisolone (Medrol), and prednisone (Deltasone); tetracycline antibiotics such as demeclocycline (Declomycin), doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin, others), minocycline (Minocin), oxytetracycline (Terramycin), and tetracycline (Sumycin, Tetrex, others); tranexamic acid (Cyklokapron); and vitamin A. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects. Many other medications may also interact with tretinoin, so be sure to tell your doctor about all the medications you are taking, even those that do not appear on this list.

tell your doctor if you have or have ever had increased amounts of cholesterol (a fat-like substance) and other fatty substances in the blood, or liver or heart disease.

tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

if you will be having surgery, including dental surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking tretinoin.

you should know that tretinoin may cause dizziness or severe headache. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this medication affects you.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Talk to your doctor about eating grapefruit and drinking grapefruit juice while taking this medicine.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Tretinoin may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

weakness

extreme tiredness

shivering

pain

earache

feeling of fullness in the ears

dry skin

rash

hair loss

constipation

diarrhea

stomach pain

heartburn

loss of appetite

weight loss

bone pain

dizziness

numbness, burning, or tingling in the hands or feet

nervousness

depression

difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep

confusion

agitation

hallucinating (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist)

difficulty urinating

flushing

Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms or those listed in the IMPORTANT WARNING section, call your doctor immediately:

headache

nausea

vomiting

blurred or double vision, or other vision problems

unusual bruising or bleeding

vomit that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds

bright red or black and tarry stools

irregular heartbeat

hearing loss

bleeding

infections

Tretinoin may increase the levels of cholesterol and other fats in your blood and may stop your liver from working normally. Your doctor will monitor you carefully to see whether you are experiencing either of these side effects.

Tretinoin may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.

If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online (http://www. fda. gov/Safety/MedWatch ) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.

Symptoms of overdose may include:

headache

flushing

red, cracked, and sore lips

stomach pain

dizziness

loss of coordination

What other information should I know?

Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist if you have any questions about refilling your prescription.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

Brand names

Benzole, Benzole

Benzene

CAS Number

Synonym(s)

AI3-00808; (6)Annulene; Benzol; Benzole; Caswell No. 077; Coal naphtha; Cyclohexatriene; NCI-C55276; Phene; Phenyl hydride; Polystream; Pyrobenzol; EPA Pesticide Code: 008801

Occurence(s)/Use(s)

Additive in gasoline, solvent, oil extraction, photogravure printing, veterinary medicine (disinfectant); production of detergents, explosives, pharmaceuticals, and dyestuffs; chemical intermediate in production of ethylbenzene (styrene), cumene, cyclohexane; component of combustion emissions and tobacco smoke

Soil Screening

CHHSL Residential Volatile, engineered fill (mcg/l soil gas):

CHHSL Residential Volatile, no engineered fill (mcg/l soil gas):

CHHSL Commercial Volatile, engineered fill (mcg/l soil gas):

CHHSL Commercial Volatile, no engineered fill (mcg/l soil gas):

Last CHHSL revision:

Cancer Potency Information

Inhalation Unit Risk (?g/cubic meter)-1:

Inhalation Slope Factor (mg/kg-day)-1:

Oral Slope Factor (mg/kg-day)-1:

OEHHA 2009. Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Technical Support Document for Cancer Potencies. Appendix B. Chemical-specific summaries of the information used to derive unit risk and cancer potency values. Updated 2011.

Obat Obat Sakit Kepala Dan Nyeri (4), Licostan

Obat ini l ebih dikenal sebagai pereda nyeri untuk sakit gigi. Contoh merek dagang yang terkenal: Ponstan ®. Obat ini sebetulnya tidak termasuk obat bebas. Kalaupun tidak dengan resep dokter, setidaknya harus lewat konsultasi dengan apoteker. Tapi faktanya obat ini bisa kita dapatkan dengan mudah. Tidak hanya di apotek, tapi juga di toko obat.

Mengapa kategorinya bukan obat bebas? Pertimbangannya selalu masalah keamanan. Pasalnya, pada sebagian orang, obat ini bisa menimbulkan gangguan darah karena itu harus digunakan dengan hati-hati. Selain itu, sesuai namanya "asam mefenamat", obat ini juga bersifat asam. Nama obat memang bisa dijadikan sebagai patokan umum. Kalau didahului oleh kata “asam”, biasanya obat jenis ini bisa mengiritasi lambung. Sama seperti aspirin, obat ini sebaiknya dihindari kalau kita memiliki gangguan mag. Juga sebaiknya tidak diminum dalam keadaan perut kosong.

Contoh merek dagang selain Ponstan ®. Allogon ®. Alpain ®. Altran ®. Anacof ®. Analspec ®. Anastan Forte ®. Asimat ®. Benostan ®. Cetalmic ®. Corstanal ®. Datan Forte ®. Dentacid ®. Dogesic ®. Dolos ®. Femisic ®. Fensik 500 ®. Gitaramin ®. Grafamic ®. Grafix ®. Lapistan ®. Licostan ®. Maxstan ®. Mefast ®. Mefinal ®. Mefinter ®. Menin ®. Molasic ®. Nichostan ®. Opistan ®. Ponalar ®. Poncofen ®. Pondex ®. Ponsamic ®.

Obat ini masih satu kelompok dengan asam mefenamat. Dibandingkan golongan parasetamol dan asetosal, obat ini relatif kurang aman. Itu sebabnya obat-obat golongan ini tidak boleh digunakan secara bebas. Di beberapa negara, obat golongan ini tidak boleh beredar. Tapi di Indonesia, obat ini masih bisa dijumpai di dalam beberapa produk.

T ermasuk dalam kategori ini adalah obat-obat analgesik yang namanya berakhiran dengan “ – azon ”. seperti isopropil fenazon . propifenazon (isopropil antipirin) . dan fenil butazon . Demi pertimbangan keamanan kita, sebaiknya hindari berurusan dengan obat-obat jenis ini kecuali lewat resep dokter. Di pasaran, masih ada beberapa produk obat sakit kepala dan migrain yang mengandung propifenazon. Sekalipun faktanya obat ini bisa dibeli tanpa resep, sebaiknya kita hanya mengonsumsinya kalau sudah berkonsultasi ke dokter atau apoteker.

6 . Antalgin . Nama lainnya metamizol . metampiron .

Obat ini pun masih satu kelompok dengan aminofenazon dan asam mefenamat. Di beberapa negara, obat ini dilarang beredar. Tapi di Indonesia, obat ini masih beredar. Konsumen awam sebaiknya tidak menggunakan obat golongan ini kecuali dengan resep dokter. Contoh merek dagang yang cukup terkenal adalah Novalgin ®.

Obat nomor 5 dan 6 ini sekadar untuk pengetahuan, mungkin kita mendapat obat ini dari kawan atau penjual obat. Umumnya kita sangat jarang berurusan dengan obat-obat ini. Sekali lagi, pilihan utama untuk sakit kepala dan demam adalah parasetamol. Sebelum minum obat, biasakan untuk membaca komposisinya lebih dulu, siapa tahu produk itu mengandung obat yang sebaiknya kita hindari.

Aman Dulu, Ampuh Belakangan

Satu merek obat kadang berisi salah satu obat di atas, kadang berisi kombinasi dari dua atau lebih obat. Apa pun obat yang Anda minum, biasakan untuk mencari tahu kandungannya lebih dulu. Tujuannya agar kita terhindar dari efek buruk yang mungkin terjadi. Dalam hal konsumsi obat, pedoman pertama: do no harm . Jangan minum sesuatu yang mungkin membahayakan.

Jika Anda membeli obat (sekalipun obat bebas), usahakan membelinya di apotek daripada di toko. Tiap kali mendapatkan obat, pastikan Anda mengetahui merek (nama dagang) obat itu. Biasanya merek obat tercantum di bungkusnya. Jika di bungkusnya tidak ada keterangan tentang kandungan obat, jangan lupa bertanya. Itu hak pasien.

Untuk mengecek kandungan obat, Anda bisa mengunjungi situ Badan POM di http://www. pom. go. id/webreg / .

Pilihan pertama obat sakit kepala dan demam adalah parasetamol 500 mg . Di pasaran, ada beberapa produk yang berisi parasetamol di atas 500 mg. Ada yang 600 mg, bahkan ada yang 650 mg. Ada juga parasetamol yang dikombinasikan dengan obat lain yang masih satu kelompok, misalnya plus ibuprofen atau asetosal. Kalau ditotal, dosis keduanya lebih besar dari parasetamol 500 mg.

Makin besar dosis suatu obat, tentu saja makin besar efek buruknya. Maka, demi alasan keamanan, sebagai pedoman pertama: pilihlah parasetamol tunggal yang dosisnya standar saja, yaitu 500 mg. Biasakan membaca label obat sebelum mengonsumsinya. Kalau dosis lazim parasetamol sebesar 500 mg tidak mempan, sebaiknya kita berusaha lebih sungguh-sungguh untuk menghilangkan penyebab sakitnya, bukan dengan cara menaikkan dosisnya atau minum beberapa macam jenis obat.

Di pasaran juga banyak produk parasetamol yang dikombinasikan dengan kafein. Jika memang kita tidak memerlukan kafein, lebih baik kita minum parasetamol tunggal saja. Sekali lagi, biasakan membaca label obat sebelum mengonsumsinya. Minum obat kombinasi parasetamol plus kafein sama saja dengan minum obat sakit kepala bersamaan dengan minum secangkir kopi. Kalau pada saat yang sama kita juga minum kopi, maka efek sampingnya tentu akan lebih besar lagi. Obat kombinasi seperti ini mungkin kita perlukan dalam kondisi khusus, misalnya ketika kita mengalami sakit kepala saat berkendara atau saat melakukan aktivitas yang menuntut kita tetap dalam kewaspadaan tinggi.

Sebagian besar kasus sakit kepala memang masuk kategori yang tidak membahayakan jiwa. Namun, pada beberapa kasus, sakit kepala bisa sangat membahayakan, terutama jika berhubungan dengan penyakit lain. Ada sangat banyak penyakit yang menimbulkan gejala sakit kepala. Sekadar menyebut contoh, hipertensi, tumor kepala, penyempitan pembuluh darah kepala, infeksi, radang, taruma kepala, dan masih banyak lagi.

Contoh, s akit kepala bisa saja merupakan gejala dini sebelum serangan stroke. Jika sakit kepala dianggap enteng dan hanya diatasi dengan parasetamol, akibatnya bisa fatal. Itu sebabnya penderita harus tanggap dan segera mengenali penyebabnya.

Umumnya sakit kepala tidak sampai mengharuskan kita pergi ke dokter. Namun, untuk menghindari kemungkian risiko yang leb i h buruk, kita sebaiknya pergi ke dokter jika:

· Sakit kepal sangat parah dan sampai mengganggu tidur.

· Disertai leher kaku, mual, muntah, demam, padangan mata kabur, kesadaran menurun.

· Sakit kepala kronis, misalnya dalam seminggu terjadi 2-3 kali.

· Sakit kepala makin lama makin parah.

Agar penyebabnya mudah dikenali, penderita sangat disarankan membuat catatan lengkap, misalnya kapan terjadi nyeri, bagaimana rasanya, berapa lama, apa yang dimakan selama 24 jam terakhir, kapan dan berapa lama ia istirahat, adakah stres di kantor atau di rumah, obat apa saja yang diminum, dsb. Makin lengkap datanya, makin mudah dokter menemukan biang keladinya.

Dapatkan buku karya pemilik blog ini , BUKU OBAT SEHARI-HARI , terbitan Elex Media Komputindo, di Gramedia, toko buku online . dan toko buku lain.

Groningen Province, Granigen

Groningen province

Groningen

Groningen has a magnificent and varied countryside, ideal for cycling and walking. The most famous Dutch walking track, Het Pieterpad, starts in Pieterburen. This town is also known for its Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre Lenie 't Hart. The nature areas of the most northeastern province of the Netherlands are well worth a visit.

Groningen has a magnificent and varied countryside, ideal for cycling and walking. The most famous Dutch walking track, Het Pieterpad . starts in Pieterburen. This town is also known for its Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre. The nature areas of the most northeastern province of the Netherlands are well worth a visit.

Highlights of Groningen

Groningen city is the capital of the province of Groningen. Here you can enjoy a large variety of museums, monuments and especially shops. To say that the nightlife of this university city is lively would be an understatement. Fortress Bourtange gives you an impression of the historical importance of Groningen. To the north of Groningen lie the Wadden islands Rottumeroog and Rottumerplaat. Though these are two uninhabited and protected islands you can find information about the possibility of visiting the unique flora and fauna at the the tourist information office (VVV).

Visit Groningen

Discover the province of Groningen and enjoy its green, natural surroundings. The Groningen town Haren in particular is known as one of the greenest places in Holland. On a sunny day you, can swim and enjoy many other water sports at Paterswoldemeer.

Definition Of Tamoxifen Citrate - Nci Drug Dictionary - National Cancer Institute, Tamizam

NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

tamoxifen citrate The citrate salt of an antineoplastic nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). Tamoxifen competitively inhibits the binding of estradiol to estrogen receptors, thereby preventing the receptor from binding to the estrogen-response element on DNA. The result is a reduction in DNA synthesis and cellular response to estrogen. In addition, tamoxifen up-regulates the production of transforming growth factor B (TGFb), a factor that inhibits tumor cell growth, and down-regulates insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), a factor that stimulates breast cancer cell growth. Tamoxifen also down-regulates protein kinase C (PKC) expression in a dose-dependant manner, inhibiting signal transduction and producing an antiproliferative effect in tumors such as malignant glioma and other cancers that overexpress PKC. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus )

Foreign brand name:

(Z)-2-[4-(1,2-diphenyl-1-butenyl)phenoxy]-N, N-dimethylethanamine 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate (1:1)

1-p-beta-dimethylamino-ethoxyphenyl-trans-1,2-diphenylbut-1-ene

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Astelin Nasal Spray Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Asteril

Astelin

What is Astelin?

Astelin (azelastine) is an antihistamine that reduces the effects of natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose.

Astelin Nasal Spray prevents sneezing, itching, runny nose, and other nasal symptoms of allergies. This medicine is for seasonal allergies in adults and children who are at least 2 years old, and for year-round allergies in adults and children as young as 6 months old.

Astelin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important information

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.

Astelin may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. Before using Astelin, tell your doctor if you regularly use other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold or allergy medicine, sedatives, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression, or anxiety). They can add to sleepiness caused by Astelin.

Drinking alcohol can increase certain side effects of Astelin. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using Astelin. Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have fast or uneven heartbeats, tightness in your chest, or if you feel short of breath.

Before taking this medicine

You should not use Astelin if you are allergic to azelastine.

To make sure Astelin Nasal Spray is safe for you, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions.

It is not known whether Astelin Nasal Spray will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

It is not known whether azelastine nasal passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I use Astelin?

Use Astelin Nasal Spray exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

To use the nasal spray:

Blow your nose gently. Keep your head upright and insert the tip of bottle into one nostril. Press your other nostril closed with your finger. Breathe in quickly and gently spray the medicine into your nose. Then use the spray in your other nostril.

Do not blow your nose for at least a few minutes after using the nasal spray.

If the spray gets in your eyes or mouth or on your skin, rinse with water.

If the Astelin nasal spray has not been used for longer than 3 days, prime it by spraying up to 6 sprays into the air, away from your face, until a fine mist appears.

Avoid getting Astelin Nasal Spray in your eyes or mouth.

Do not allow a young child to use Astelin without help from an adult.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse.

Store at room temperature in an upright position, away from moisture and heat. Keep the dust cover on the spray nozzle when not in use. Do not allow this medicine to freeze.

Throw away this medicine after you have used 200 sprays, even if there is still medicine left in the bottle.

Astelin dosing information

Usual Adult Dose of Astelin Nasal Spray for Allergic Rhinitis:

0.1% spray: 1 or 2 sprays in each nostril twice a day 0.15% spray: 1 or 2 sprays in each nostril twice a day or 2 sprays in each nostril once a day

Use: Seasonal allergic rhinitis

0.15% spray: 2 sprays in each nostril twice a day

Use: Perennial allergic rhinitis

Usual Pediatric Dose of Astelin Nasal Spray for Allergic Rhinitis:

2 to 5 years: 0.1% spray: 1 spray in each nostril twice a day 6 to 11 years: 0.1% spray and 0.15% spray: 1 spray in each nostril twice a day

Use: Seasonal allergic rhinitis

6 months to 5 years: 0.1% spray: 1 spray in each nostril twice a day 6 to 11 years: 0.1% spray and 0.15% spray: 1 spray in each nostril twice a day

Use: Perennial allergic rhinitis

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of Astelin is not expected to be dangerous. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222 if anyone has accidentally swallowed the medication.

What should I avoid while taking Astelin?

This medicine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

Drinking alcohol with this medicine can cause side effects.

Astelin side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Astelin: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using and call your doctor at once if you have:

worsening allergy symptoms; or

signs of an ear infection (fever, ear pain or full feeling, trouble hearing, drainage from the ear, fussiness in a child).

Common Astelin side effects may include:

drowsiness, tired feeling;

unusual taste in your mouth;

sneezing, nasal irritation, nosebleeds;

cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat;

ear infection; or

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Astelin?

Using this medicine with other drugs that make you sleepy can worsen this effect. Ask your doctor before using a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.

Other drugs may interact with azelastine nasal, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

More about Astelin (azelastine nasal)

Consumer resources

Professional resources

Related treatment guides

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about Astelin.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Astelin only for the indication prescribed.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2016 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 9.01. Revision Date: 2015-03-09, 6:04:56 PM.

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Calan - Heart Disease, Hormitol

Calan is used for treating supraventricular tachycardia, a rhythm disturbance of the heart. It is also used for controlling heart rate response to other rhythm disturbances, specifically atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Calan is a calcium channel blocker. It works by slowing the electrical conduction in the heart, slowing heart rate, and/or normalizing heart rhythm.

Use Calan as directed by your doctor.

Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results.

Do not crush, chew, break, or open Calan. Swallow it whole. Breaking or opening the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

Do not stop taking this medication without first talking to your doctor. If you stop taking Calan suddenly, your condition may become worse.

If you miss a dose of Calan, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Calan.

Store Calan at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Calan out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient . Verapamil hydrochloride.

Do NOT use Calan if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Calan

you have certain heart problems (eg, left ventricular dysfunction, sick sinus syndrome, second - or third-degree heart block and do not have a pacemaker), very low blood pressure, or moderate to severe congestive heart failure (CHF)

you have atrial fibrillation or flutter and a pre-excitation syndrome (extra conduction pathway in the heart), such as Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome or Lown-Ganong-Levine (LGL) syndrome

you have shock due to serious heart problems

you are taking dofetilide, or you have taken disopyramide within the past 48 hours.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Calan. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have heart failure or a recent heart attack with lung congestion, low blood pressure, or heart problems (eg, a very slow heart rate, heart block, heart valve disease)

if you have kidney or liver problems, muscular dystrophy, or a neuromuscular disease

if you are taking another blood pressure medicine or you are being treated for cancer.

Some medicines may interact with Calan. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), clonidine, disopyramide, ketolides (eg, telithromycin), macrolides (eg, erythromycin), or ritonavir because they may increase the risk of Calan's side effects

Phenobarbital, rifampin, or St. John's wort because they may decrease Calan's effectiveness

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), aspirin, carbamazepine, colchicine, cyclosporine, digoxin, dofetilide, doxorubicin, dronedarone, eletriptan, erythromycin, everolimus, flecainide, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (eg, lovastatin, simvastatin), lithium, narcotic pain relievers (eg, fentanyl), paclitaxel, quinazolines (eg, terazosin), quinidine, ranolazine, theophyllines, or tolvaptan because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Calan.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Calan may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Calan may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Calan with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Calan; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.

Calan may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Calan before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, complete blood cell counts, electrocardiogram (ECG), and blood pressure, may be performed while you use Calan. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Calan with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Calan should not be used in childen; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Calan while you are pregnant. Calan is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Calan, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dizziness; fatigue; headache; lightheadedness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; fainting; lightheadedness, especially when standing; severe dizziness; shortness of breath; swelling of the feet or hands; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools, severe or persistent stomach pain, fever, general feeling of being unwell); unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Calan is used for treating supraventricular tachycardia, a rhythm disturbance of the heart. It is also used for controlling heart rate response to other rhythm disturbances, specifically atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Calan is a calcium channel blocker. It works by slowing the electrical conduction in the heart, slowing heart rate, and/or normalizing heart rhythm.

Use Calan as directed by your doctor.

Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results.

Do not crush, chew, break, or open Calan. Swallow it whole. Breaking or opening the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

Do not stop taking this medication without first talking to your doctor. If you stop taking Calan suddenly, your condition may become worse.

If you miss a dose of Calan, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Calan.

Store Calan at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Calan out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient . Verapamil hydrochloride.

Do NOT use Calan if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Calan

you have certain heart problems (eg, left ventricular dysfunction, sick sinus syndrome, second - or third-degree heart block and do not have a pacemaker), very low blood pressure, or moderate to severe congestive heart failure (CHF)

you have atrial fibrillation or flutter and a pre-excitation syndrome (extra conduction pathway in the heart), such as Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome or Lown-Ganong-Levine (LGL) syndrome

you have shock due to serious heart problems

you are taking dofetilide, or you have taken disopyramide within the past 48 hours.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Calan. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have heart failure or a recent heart attack with lung congestion, low blood pressure, or heart problems (eg, a very slow heart rate, heart block, heart valve disease)

if you have kidney or liver problems, muscular dystrophy, or a neuromuscular disease

if you are taking another blood pressure medicine or you are being treated for cancer.

Some medicines may interact with Calan. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), clonidine, disopyramide, ketolides (eg, telithromycin), macrolides (eg, erythromycin), or ritonavir because they may increase the risk of Calan's side effects

Phenobarbital, rifampin, or St. John's wort because they may decrease Calan's effectiveness

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), aspirin, carbamazepine, colchicine, cyclosporine, digoxin, dofetilide, doxorubicin, dronedarone, eletriptan, erythromycin, everolimus, flecainide, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (eg, lovastatin, simvastatin), lithium, narcotic pain relievers (eg, fentanyl), paclitaxel, quinazolines (eg, terazosin), quinidine, ranolazine, theophyllines, or tolvaptan because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Calan.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Calan may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Calan may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Calan with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Calan; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.

Calan may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Calan before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, complete blood cell counts, electrocardiogram (ECG), and blood pressure, may be performed while you use Calan. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Calan with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Calan should not be used in childen; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Calan while you are pregnant. Calan is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Calan, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dizziness; fatigue; headache; lightheadedness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; fainting; lightheadedness, especially when standing; severe dizziness; shortness of breath; swelling of the feet or hands; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools, severe or persistent stomach pain, fever, general feeling of being unwell); unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Calan is used for treating supraventricular tachycardia, a rhythm disturbance of the heart. It is also used for controlling heart rate response to other rhythm disturbances, specifically atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Calan is a calcium channel blocker. It works by slowing the electrical conduction in the heart, slowing heart rate, and/or normalizing heart rhythm.

Use Calan as directed by your doctor.

Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results.

Do not crush, chew, break, or open Calan. Swallow it whole. Breaking or opening the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

Do not stop taking this medication without first talking to your doctor. If you stop taking Calan suddenly, your condition may become worse.

If you miss a dose of Calan, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Calan.

Store Calan at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Calan out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient . Verapamil hydrochloride.

Do NOT use Calan if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Calan

you have certain heart problems (eg, left ventricular dysfunction, sick sinus syndrome, second - or third-degree heart block and do not have a pacemaker), very low blood pressure, or moderate to severe congestive heart failure (CHF)

you have atrial fibrillation or flutter and a pre-excitation syndrome (extra conduction pathway in the heart), such as Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome or Lown-Ganong-Levine (LGL) syndrome

you have shock due to serious heart problems

you are taking dofetilide, or you have taken disopyramide within the past 48 hours.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Calan. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have heart failure or a recent heart attack with lung congestion, low blood pressure, or heart problems (eg, a very slow heart rate, heart block, heart valve disease)

if you have kidney or liver problems, muscular dystrophy, or a neuromuscular disease

if you are taking another blood pressure medicine or you are being treated for cancer.

Some medicines may interact with Calan. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), clonidine, disopyramide, ketolides (eg, telithromycin), macrolides (eg, erythromycin), or ritonavir because they may increase the risk of Calan's side effects

Phenobarbital, rifampin, or St. John's wort because they may decrease Calan's effectiveness

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), aspirin, carbamazepine, colchicine, cyclosporine, digoxin, dofetilide, doxorubicin, dronedarone, eletriptan, erythromycin, everolimus, flecainide, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (eg, lovastatin, simvastatin), lithium, narcotic pain relievers (eg, fentanyl), paclitaxel, quinazolines (eg, terazosin), quinidine, ranolazine, theophyllines, or tolvaptan because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Calan.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Calan may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Calan may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Calan with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Calan; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.

Calan may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Calan before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, complete blood cell counts, electrocardiogram (ECG), and blood pressure, may be performed while you use Calan. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Calan with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Calan should not be used in childen; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Calan while you are pregnant. Calan is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Calan, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dizziness; fatigue; headache; lightheadedness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; fainting; lightheadedness, especially when standing; severe dizziness; shortness of breath; swelling of the feet or hands; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools, severe or persistent stomach pain, fever, general feeling of being unwell); unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Calan is used for treating supraventricular tachycardia, a rhythm disturbance of the heart. It is also used for controlling heart rate response to other rhythm disturbances, specifically atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Calan is a calcium channel blocker. It works by slowing the electrical conduction in the heart, slowing heart rate, and/or normalizing heart rhythm.

Use Calan as directed by your doctor.

Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results.

Do not crush, chew, break, or open Calan. Swallow it whole. Breaking or opening the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

Do not stop taking this medication without first talking to your doctor. If you stop taking Calan suddenly, your condition may become worse.

If you miss a dose of Calan, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Calan.

Store Calan at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Calan out of the reach of children and away from pets.

Active Ingredient . Verapamil hydrochloride.

Do NOT use Calan if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Calan

you have certain heart problems (eg, left ventricular dysfunction, sick sinus syndrome, second - or third-degree heart block and do not have a pacemaker), very low blood pressure, or moderate to severe congestive heart failure (CHF)

you have atrial fibrillation or flutter and a pre-excitation syndrome (extra conduction pathway in the heart), such as Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome or Lown-Ganong-Levine (LGL) syndrome

you have shock due to serious heart problems

you are taking dofetilide, or you have taken disopyramide within the past 48 hours.

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Some medical conditions may interact with Calan. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding

if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

if you have heart failure or a recent heart attack with lung congestion, low blood pressure, or heart problems (eg, a very slow heart rate, heart block, heart valve disease)

if you have kidney or liver problems, muscular dystrophy, or a neuromuscular disease

if you are taking another blood pressure medicine or you are being treated for cancer.

Some medicines may interact with Calan. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), clonidine, disopyramide, ketolides (eg, telithromycin), macrolides (eg, erythromycin), or ritonavir because they may increase the risk of Calan's side effects

Phenobarbital, rifampin, or St. John's wort because they may decrease Calan's effectiveness

Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), aspirin, carbamazepine, colchicine, cyclosporine, digoxin, dofetilide, doxorubicin, dronedarone, eletriptan, erythromycin, everolimus, flecainide, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (eg, lovastatin, simvastatin), lithium, narcotic pain relievers (eg, fentanyl), paclitaxel, quinazolines (eg, terazosin), quinidine, ranolazine, theophyllines, or tolvaptan because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Calan.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Calan may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Important safety information:

Calan may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Calan with caution. Do not drive or perform other possible unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.

Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Calan; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.

Calan may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.

Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Calan before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.

Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, complete blood cell counts, electrocardiogram (ECG), and blood pressure, may be performed while you use Calan. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Use Calan with caution in the elderly; they may be more sensitive to its effects.

Calan should not be used in childen; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Calan while you are pregnant. Calan is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Calan, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.

Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dizziness; fatigue; headache; lightheadedness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; fainting; lightheadedness, especially when standing; severe dizziness; shortness of breath; swelling of the feet or hands; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools, severe or persistent stomach pain, fever, general feeling of being unwell); unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider.

Carlich House Gets A Reprieve, Carlich

Carlich house gets a reprieve

Last night the Board of County Commissioners gave the Carlich House a reprieve. The commissioners agreed to give Charlie Woolridge, Carlich House volunteer, until July 1, 2012 to come up with funding to move and renovate the house and turn it into an interpretive center for the Hoquarton Trail.

If the Carlich House volunteers raise the funds necessary, the county has agreed to lease the property to move the house back on the lot where it is currently situated.

Woolridge envisions the house as a gateway to the slough, a stopover point for kayakers, a tourism draw to the downtown area, and a destination for the entire county. He would like the house to highlight transportation history in the county.

Woolridge is trying to generate interest and support in saving the house. He hopes to find like-minded folks to share his vision of what the house could be. "We've had good signs from local support, and technical and building support, to move the house," Woolridge told the commissioners, "but we'll need more. We're going to need to get some grants."

The County owns the Carlich house. According to Commissioner Charles Hurliman, it was purchased originally with the long-term goal of building a courthouse annex in that location. Since then, the house was used for county offices until it was no longer suitable for occupancy due to roof leaks and general deterioration.

Thereafter the house was vacant until 2003, when the City of Tillamook leased the house from the County, for use as a headquarters by the Hoquarton Interpretive Trail group.

Grant funding was obtained to reroof and repair the house, which was done in part with volunteer labor.

The lease agreement between City and County for the use of the house was terminated effective October 31, 2011. The County wants to house to be moved or demolished, in order to build a public parking lot.

However, the Carlich house group, led by Charlie Woolridge and Tilda Chadwick Jones, would like to see the house moved back on the same property. The lot is deep enough to accommodate both a parking lot in the front and the house in the back. Additionally, the rear of the lot is sloped, and could not be used for parking, whereas a foundation for a house could be built on the sloping land.

There are a number of issues to be addressed in addition to funding including drainage, and whether or not the back of the lot is in the flood plain. Furthermore, Commissioners Josi and Labhart, who are supportive of Woolridge's proposal, (assuming he can obtain funding by the deadline), also required of the Carlich house group that the house be renovated and kept up. Both commissioners commented that the house looks disreputable, and they would like to see it not only moved, but also improved, and maintained.

Woolridge stated his intention to seek funding for both moving and repairs.

Commissioner Hurliman voted against the motion to lease property on the far end of the lot, because he would prefer to see the house moved to another location. Hurliman believes it is in the County's best interest to have that lot available to build a county annex, should the need arise.

There are no plans to build a courthouse annex at this time, and indeed no funds to undertake a big capitol project. Rather, as the needs of the County staff have outgrown the courthouse, the County has leased buildings and property in the area.

In response to Commissioner Hurliman's concern, if the Carlich house group obtains funding to move the house back, the County will have a provision in the lease that the County may require the house to move at a later date.

The Carlich house group meets the third Saturday of each month at 9 a. m. at the house, which is located east of the Post Office on First Street in Tillamook. Volunteers and interested parties are encouraged to attend the meeting. Woolridge is looking for volunteers of all kinds, from grant writers to laborers to people skilled in residential construction. Charlie Woolridge can be reached at: 503-593-0083.

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